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LT45 Intro

# LT45 Intro

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lt45 intro
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06/12/2013

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Name:________________________Period:_____
Introduction to Solving Rational Equations

Let’s say you don’t have a calculator that has fraction capability. How could we make solving an
equation with fractions easier?
1n4
+ 6 = 5 We can still collect like terms by subtracting- 6 - 6 6 from each side.
1n4
= -1 When a fraction is multiplied by a variable,we can multiply each side of the equation
4 1n1 4
= -1
41
by its reciprocal to end up with 1 multipliedby the variable. Multiply each side by
41
.
Try these problems:
1) 9 +
1z3
= 3 2)
1y5
- 3 = 1 3) -17 = -32 -
35
4)
7p8
- 4 = 10 5)
3x4
- 7 = 8 6) 8 -
3k8
= -4(Answers: 1) z = -18; 2) y = 20; 3) f = -25; 4) p = 16; 5) x = 20; 6) k = 32)

What if I have fractions elsewhere in the problem?32x +
12
= 16.52(32x +
12
) = (16.5)2 Rather than work with the fraction, I canmultiply both sides of the equation by thedenominator.64x + 1 = 33 Now it is much easier to solve.- 1 - 1
64x 3264 64
x =
12

Try these problems:
7) 16x -
14
= 63.75 8)
4b 82
= 10 9)
7n 16
= 510) 8 +
3n12
= 13 11)
7x 18
= -4 12)
x 32
= 15(Answers: 7) x = 4; 8) b = -7; 9) n =
317
; 10) n = 20; 11) x =
317
; 12) x = 27)

What if there is more than one fraction in the problem?Find the common denominator and multiply both sides of the equation by it.
3 1n 16 2 n4 8

3 18 n 16 2 n 84 8
Common denominator is 8 (smallestnumber that both 4 and 8 divide into).6n + 128 = 16
–
1n Multiply both sides by 8.+ n + n7n + 128 = 16 Solve as normal.- 128 - 128
7n 1127 7
n = -16
Try these problems:
13)
3 1 1 3x x8 4 2 4
14)
1 18 p p 72 4
15)
3n 2 75 10
16)
7 3t t4 8
17)
3 1 1 1x x4 2 3 4
18)
2 3 5n n 13 4 6
32
; 14) p = 20; 15) n =
116
; 16) t = -1; 17) x =
95
; 18) n =
212
)Does the process change on a problem like this?