Peanuts nutrition facts
Delicious, crunchy, and nutty peanuts are one of the popular oil seeds known to humankind sinceancient times. The nuts are enriched with many noteworthy health-benefiting nutrients that areessential for optimum health. They are actually
but have almost all the qualities that truenuts like almonds have.
Botanically, the nuts are small size fruit pods of plant belonging to the
family of the genus,
Some of the common names are
Scientific name: Arachis hypogaea.
Health benefits of Peanuts
Peanuts are rich in energy and contain health benefiting nutrients, minerals, antioxidants andvitamins that are essential for optimum health.
They compose sufficient levels of mono-unsaturated fatty acids especially oleic acid. It helps
to lower LDL or "bad cholesterol" and increases HDL or "good cholesterol” level in the blood.
Research studies suggest that Mediterranean diet, which is rich in monounsaturated fatty acidshelp to prevent coronary artery disease and strokes by favoring healthy blood lipid profile.
These nuts are a good source of dietary protein compose fine quality amino acids that areessential for growth and development.
Research studies have shown that peanuts contain high concentrations of poly-phenolicantioxidants, primarily
This compound has been thought to reduce the riskof stomach cancer by limiting the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines in the stomach.
Peanuts are an excellent source of
another polyphenolic antioxidant. Resveratrolhas been found to have protective function against cancers, heart disease, degenerative nervedisease, Alzheimer's disease, and viral/fungal infections.
Furthermore, studies suggest that
reduce stroke risk by altering molecularmechanisms in the blood vessels (reducing susceptibility to vascular damage throughdecreased activity of angiotensin, a systemic hormone causing blood vessel constriction thatwould elevate blood pressure), and by increasing production of the vasodilator hormone,
Recent research studies suggest that boiling enhances antioxidant concentration in thepeanuts. It has been found that boiled peanuts have two and four-fold increase in isoflavoneantioxidants
The nuts are an excellent source of
(a-tocopherol); containing about 8 g per100 g.vitamin E is a powerful lipid soluble antioxidant which helps maintain the integrity of cellmembrane of mucus membranes and skin by protecting from harmful oxygen free radicals.
The nuts are packed with many important B-complex groups of vitamins such as riboflavin,niacin, thiamin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B-6, and
. 100 g of peanuts provide about85% of RDI of
which contribute to brain health and blood flow to brain.
The nuts are rich source of minerals like copper, manganese, potassium, calcium, iron,magnesium, zinc, and selenium.Just a hand full of peanuts per day provides enough recommended levels of phenolic anti-oxidants,minerals, vitamins, and protein.
See the table below for in depth analysis of nutrients:Groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea), All types,Nutritional value per 100 g.