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Handout Medical Abbreviations

Handout Medical Abbreviations

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Published by: Paul Christian P. Santos, RN on Apr 29, 2009
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03/20/2013

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Common Abbreviations inDoc’s Order 
: Before meals. As in taking a medicinebefore meals.
a/g ratio:
 Albuminto globulin ratio.
ACL:
Anterior cruciate ligament. ACL injuries areone of the most common ligament injuries totheknee.The ACL can be sprained or completely torn fromtraumaand/or degeneration.
: At liberty. For example, a patient may bepermitted to move out of bed freely and orderswould, therefore, be for activities to be ad lib.
: Above the kneeamputation.
Anuric
: Not producingurine. A person who isanuric is often critical and may requiredialysis.
App
-Appendectomy
:Twice daily. As in taking a medicine twicedaily.
Bandemia:
Slang for elevated level of bandforms of white blood cells.
Bibasilar:
At the bases of bothlungs.For example, someone with apneumoniain bothlungs might haveabnormalbibasilar breathsounds.
: Below the knee amputation.
BMP:
BP:
 Blood pressure.Blood pressure is recordedas part of the physical examination. It is one of the "vitalsigns."
BSO:
Bilateralsalpingo-oophorectomy. A BSO isthe removal of both of the ovariesandadjacentFallopian tubes and often isperformed as part of a totalabdominalhysterectomy.
C&S
:Cultureandsensitivity, performed to detectinfection.
C/O:
Complaint of. The patient's expressedconcern.
cap
CBC:
CC:
Chief complaint. The patient's mainconcern.
cc
: Cubic centimeters. For example, the amountof fluid removed from the body is recorded inccs.
Chem panel:
Chemistry panel. Acomprehensive screening blood test thatindicates the status of theliver,kidneys, andelectrolytes.
COPD:
CVA:
D/C or DC:
Discontinue or discharge. For example, a doctor will D/C a drug. Alternatively,the doctor might DC a patient from the hospital.
DDX
:Differential diagnosisThe varietydiagnostic possibilities being considered.
DM:
DNC, D&C, or D and C
:Dilation and curettage.Widening thecervixand scrapping withacurettefor the purpose of removingtissuelining the inner surface of thewomb(uterus).
DNR
: Do notresuscitate. This is a specific order not to revive a patient artificially if theysuccumbto illness. If a patient is given aDNR order, they are not resuscitated if they arenear death and no code blue is called.
DOE
:Dyspneaon exertion. Shortness of breathwith activity.
DTR:
Deeptendonreflexes. These are reflexesthat the doctor tests by banging on the tendonswith a rubber hammer.
DVT:
Deep venousthrombosis(Blood clotin largevein).
ETOH
:Alcohol. ETOH intake history is oftenrecorded as part of a patient history.
FX:
 
GOMER:
Slang for "get out of my emergencyroom."
gtt:
Drop
H&H:
Hemoglobinandhematocrit.When the H & H is low,anemiais present. The H&H can beelevated in persons who have lung disease fromlong term smoking or from disease, suchaspolycythemiarubra vera.
H&P:
History and physical examination.
h.s.:
At bedtime. As in taking a medicine atbedtime.
H/O or h/o:
History of. A past event thatoccurred.
HA:
HTN:
I&D:
Incisionand drainage.
IM:
 Intramuscular . This is a typical notationwhen noting or ordering an injection (shot) givenintomuscle, such as with B12 for pernicious anemia.
IMP:
Impression. This is the summaryconclusion of the patient's condition by thehealthcare practitioner at that particular date andtime.
:In thelaboratory.
: In the body.
IU:
International units.
JT
K:
Potassium. An essentialelectrolytefrequentlymonitored regularly in intensive care.
KCL:
LBP
:Low back pain.LBP is one of mostcommon medical complaints.
LLQ
: Left lower quadrant.Diverticulitispain is often in the LLQ of theabdomen.
LUQ
: Left upper quadrant. Thespleenis locatedin the LUQ of the abdomen.
Lytes:
Electrolytes (potassium, sodium, carbondioxide, and chloride).
MCL:
mg:
Milligrams.
ml:
Milliliters.
MVP
N/V:
Na:
Sodium. An essential electrolyte frequentlymonitored regularly in intensive care.
npo:
Nothing bymouth. For example, if a patientwas about to undergo asurgicaloperationrequiring generalanesthesia, they may be required to avoid food or beverageprior to the procedure.
O&P
:Ovaand parasites.StoolO & P is tested in the laboratory to detectparasiticinfection inpersons with chronicdiarrhea.
O.D.:
Righteye.
O.S.:
Left eye.
O.U.:
Both eyes.
ORIF
: Open reduction andinternal fixation,suchas with the orthopedic repair of ahip fracture.
P
:Pulse.Pulse is recorded as part of thephysical examination. It is one of the "vitalsigns."
: By mouth. From the Latin terminology per os.
: As needed. So that it is not always done,but done only when the situation calls for it (or example, taking a painmedicationonly whenhaving pain and not without pain).
PCL:
PERRLA
: Pupils equal, round, and reactive tolight and accommodation.
Plt:
Platelets, one of the blood forming elementsalong with the white and red blood cells.
PMI:
Point of maximum impulse of theheartwhen felt during examination, as inbeats against thechest.

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