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Pleistocene Coalition News Vol 5 Iss 3 May-June 2013

Pleistocene Coalition News Vol 5 Iss 3 May-June 2013

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Pleistocenecoalition news
Ice Age animals inSW US rock art, Prt 2
Ray Urbaniak 
 John Feliks
Virginia Steen-McIntyre
Maggie Macnab,Vesna Tenodi 
 Alan Cannell 
 John Feliks
Vesna Tenodi 
 John Feliks
that the petroglyphs do not atall resemble the tightly-coiledhorns of bighorn sheep butclearly show animals withlong sweeping horns overtheir backs.In
Part 2,
Ioffer otherpetroglyphsin Utah andArizonawhich de-pict addi-tional enig-matic ani-mals (e.g.,
Fig. 1
).I believethat depic-tions of possibleextinct animals is strong evi-dence that people were in theAmericas around the last iceage and most likely muchlonger—just as Native peoplehave long insisted.Rather than viewing everyunusual or enigmatic animalfigure as either a mythologi-cal creature or as “stylized” versions of well-known ani-
- Challenging the tenets of mainstream scientific agendas -
mals as is commonly done itis my belief that the fossilrecord may have holes in itthat can be plugged with vari-ous animals depicted in rockart if weare willingto look atthe evi-dence froman open-mindedpoint of view.There arein fact de-pictions of Ice Ageanimals inNorthAmericawhich placeNative peoples in North Amer-ica much earlier than hadpreviously been believed bynon-native people.
 A variety of living and ex-tinct animals
In the process of working topreserve Southwest rock art I
By Ray Urbaniak
Engineer, rock art photographer,researcher and preservationist
[Editor’s note: This article is condensedfrom a much longer submission.
I provided origi-nal photographs of South-west rock art petroglyphsthat support the idea of humans having been in theAmericas much longerthan traditionally taught,
as they appear to show eitherextinct animals or animalswhich have never been knownfrom the area even in thefossil record(
#22,March-April 2013).The Part 1 petroglyphs wereof animals that appear to beantelope, ibex, or gazelleanimals with straight or longsweeping horns—which areknown from Asia, Europe, andAfrica. I pointed out that inthe U.S. such petroglyphs arecommonly interpreted as be-ing “stylized” depictions of bighorn sheep because big-horn are known from thearea. This is despite the fact
Ice Age animals inSouthwest U.S. rock art, part 2
Fig. 1.
Southwest petroglyph of an enig-matic animal with forward-facing hornswhich is clearly not a bighorn sheep.Photo: Ray Urbaniak.
Main story: Continuing with Ray Urbaniak’s Asian or extinct animals in U.S. rock artPage 4:
Trekking from Central Asia to Utah. Click to read »
Page 5:
Calico needs scientific oversight. Click to read »
 Page 6:
Member news & other information. Click to read »
 Page 7:
Technical paper—Glacial maxima. Click to read »
 Page 10 :
Textbook evo propaganda 1. Click to read »
Page 13:
Neanderthal renaissance. Click to read »
Page 16:
Textbook evo propaganda 2. Click to read »
Ice Age animals in Southwest U.S. rock art, part 2
graphs in the Southwest U.S.which could possibly repre-sent such ani-mals. A couple of them are shownin
Fig. 1
Fig. 3
.For those inter-ested in informa-tion about thevarious speciesof pronghornthat were stillliving in theAmericas whenearly people werehere see the veryaccessible articleby Darren Nash,2010, at science-blogs.com called
Release the Fossil Pronghorns!!
Alsointeresting are
Extinct and Ex-tant Pronghorns: America’sPseudo-antelopes
byMark Gelbart,2012; and
Prehis-toric Pronghorn: Ancient Antelope,
about an exhibitat the ArizonaMuseum of Natu-ral History.One petroglyphpanel with a pronghorn-typeanimal or extinct early ante-lope which Iphotographedis high on therock face(approx 15feet up) atwhat mayhave beenground levelthousands of years ago. Onthe samepanel areother ice ageanimals.
Saiga ante-lope
There is a petroglyph panelin Arizona which could possi-There is no reason not toexpect that some of thesenow extinct animals couldhave been depicted in therock art of early NativeAmericans and I have takenmany petroglyph photo-
“The fossil re- cord may have holes in it that can be plugged with the ani- mals depicted in rock art.” 
 have taken many photo-graphs of animal depictionswhich are noteasy to identify.One example isshown in
Fig. 2
.As mentionedabove, apartfrom thinking of such depictionsas stylized ver-sions of well-known con-temporaryanimals or asimaginaryanimals, Ioffer a fewpossible in-terpretationsbased onanimalswhich areknown from thefossil record.The
interpretation isbased on anextinct camelwhich is knownto have beenpresent in theAmericas whenearly peoplewere here. Theother two inter-pretations arenot as conven-ient geographi-cally or time-wise but shouldnot be automatically ruledout.
There is onlyone speciesof pronghornliving in theAmerican westtoday. How-ever, duringthe Pleisto-cene andPliocene therewere at least12-14 differ-ent speciesand some withvery unusualhorns. Prong-horns had a range stretchingfrom Florida to California andfrom Mexico to Canada.
“There is no reason not to expect that some of these now ex- tinct ani- mals woulhave been de- picted in the rock art of early Native Americans.” 
Fig. 2. Upper Left:
Southwest U.S. petroglyph of an unidenti-fied animal; Photo by Ray Urbaniak. Very noticeable character-istics of the animal include a long neck or trunk, a relativelylarge body, long straight legs, and a short tail. For comparison,I offer a couple of animals of the camel family known from theU.S. Pleistocene—Miocene age fossil record, as well as an ex-tinct elephant from Asia.
Upper Right:
, an extinct camel known from the Miocene of Colo-rado, etc. According to the fossil record as presently known itdied out before the Pliocene, c. 5 million years ago.
an extinct camel that lived in western NorthAmerica along with early Native Americans until the end of thePleistocene about 10,000 years ago. This animal could verycertainly have been subject of depiction in Native Americanrock art.
Lower right
an extinct elephant fromthe Miocene-Pleistocene of Africa, Europe, and Asia. All com-parison images: Wikimedia Commons.
Fig. 3.
One of the petroglyph panels in Utah with depictions of severaldifferent horned or antlered animals in a sequence (Photo: Ray Urba-niak). There appear to be two different types of pronghorn depictedsuggesting at least one before the animal’s extinction.
Ice Age animals in Southwest U.S. rock art, part 2
Next issue
In the same valley with thesaiga petroglyph is a petro-glyph of a mountain goat.Also, on the same highly-patinated panel with prong-horn and saiga is a glyphwhich may well depict aMammoth. It is a very oldpanel where the patina of the pecked area matches thecolor of the surrounding pat-inated rock surface. Thereare other petroglyphs I havephotographed that mostpeople would dismiss as “fanciful animals.” You de-cide.
From: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-18770963
Editor’s note: This article seriesis a condensed version of a muchlonger submission.
Ray Urbaniak is an engineer by educa-tion and profession; however, he is anartist and passionate amateur arche-ologist at heart with many years of systematic field research on NativeAmerican rock art, especially as relatedto archaeoastronomy, equinoxes andsolstices in Utah. He has noted thatstandard archaeological studies com-monly record details of material culturebut overlook the sometimes incrediblecelestial archeological evidence.Urbaniak has also played a major rolein documenting and raising concernsfor the accelerating vandalism, de-struction and theft of Native Americanrock art. He has brought state repre-sentatives to rock art sites with thehope of at least placing labels asprotected nearby what he calls “sacredart” sites as a deterrent to vandalism.Urbaniak’s book,
 (2006), is a collection of color photo-graphs of previously unrecorded Ana-sazi or Ancestral Pueblo solstice mark-ers, equinox and cross-quarter mark-ers in SW Utah including both petro-glyph and horizon markers as well asthe first general guidelines for identi-fying solstice and equinox markers.His rock art photographs include cleardescriptions with many photographsbeing time-sequenced as events oc-curred along with compass, angularorientations, and other information.Webpage: 
Usuktuk River in northernAlaska; whereas the latest sur-vivor, also from Alaska, datesto about 12,200 years ago.Of the three Canadian speci-mens, two from the BaillieIslands, Northwest Terri-tories and Bluefish CaveIII, Yukon, yielded datesof about 15,000-13,400years ago. The other isfrom Old Crow Basin,northern Yukon anddated at about 13,200years ago. (See Dr.Virginia Steen-McIntyre’s report, Earlyman in Northern Yukon300,000 years ago, 
Pleistocene CoalitionNews
#20 for infor-mation on firmly-dated archaeologicalsites proving that peo-ple were in the OldCrow Basin longenough to have seensaiga antelope either fromCentral Asia a few thousandmiles away or while saigawere still present inAlaska.)
http://www.beringia.com/research/saiga.htmlRadiocarbon Dates on SaigaAntelope (Saiga tatarica)Fossils from Yukon and theNorthwest Territories C.R.HARINGTON1 and JACQUESCINQ-MARS2http://arctic.synergiesprairies.ca/arctic/index.php/arctic/article/view/1218/1243Note 1: http://wildlife.utah.gov/hunting/biggame/pdf/rocky_mtn_goat_plan.pdf Note 2: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harrington%27s_Mountain_Goat
Peccary and gazelleFig. 5
is part of apetroglyph panelshowing what appearsto be (along with probablebighorn sheep and otheranimals) depictions of a pec-cary or New World pig and agazelle-like animal.bly include a rare depictionof a Saiga Antelope (
Fig. 4
).Saigas are presently confined tocentral Asia. However, duringthe Pleistocene—about 2 mil-lion to 10,000 years ago—they spread not only as farwest as England but alsoeastward to the NorthwestTerritories of Canada as well asinto Alaska. The oldest radio-carbon-dated saiga known isabout 37,000 years old, from
Fig. 4. Lower Right:
Southwest U.S. petroglyph showing possible depictionof a Saiga antelope extinct from the Americas since about 12,000 years ago.Petroglyph photo by Ray Urbaniak. Inset: Photoshop-enhanced version of thepetroglyph by Ray Urbaniak. Saiga drawing and photo: Wikimedia Commons.
Fig. 5. Top:
Petroglyph panel in Arizona clearly depicting several differ-ent types of animals (Photo by Ray Urbaniak).
Bottom Left:
Comparingone of the rock art depictions with a peccary.
Bottom Right:
Comparingone of the depictions with a gazelle (Photos: Wikimedia Commons).

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