Structure of FAD
nitrogens 1 & 5 carry hydrogens in FADH
The normal daily requirement for riboflavin is 1.2 - 1.7 mg/day for normal adults.
Niacin (nicotinic acid and nicotinamide) is also known as vitamin B
. Both nicotinic acid andnicotinamide can serve as the dietary source of vitamin B
. Niacin is required for thesynthesis of the active forms of vitamin B
, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD
) andnicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP
). Both NAD
function ascofactors for numerous dehydrogenase, e.g., lactate and malate dehydrogenases.