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Dynamics

Dynamics

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03/30/2014

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CCOO N NEELLLL
UNIVERSITY
1MAE 4700 – FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace DesignN. Zabaras (11/15/2011)
MAE4700/5700: Finite Element Analysis foMechanical and Aerospace Design
Prof. Nicholas ZabarasMaterials Process Design and Control LaboratorySibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering101 Frank H. T. Rhodes HallCornell UniversityIthaca, NY 14853-3801Email:zabaras@cornell.edu URL:http://mpdc.mae.cornell.edu/

CCOO N NEELLLL
UNIVERSITY
2MAE 4700 – FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace DesignN. Zabaras (11/15/2011)
Elastic solids subject to dynamic loads
• The stress equilibrium equations considered in Lecture 15considered a body instatic equilibrium.If a body is in motion, then at any instant of time ,Newton’s law of motion implies thatthe sum of all forcesmust be equal to the inertial force.
•Therefore, the governing equations lead to a dynamicalproblem.

CCOO N NEELLLL
UNIVERSITY
3MAE 4700 – FE Analysis for Mechanical & Aerospace DesignN. Zabaras (11/15/2011)
Strong form of dynamic linear elasticity
3
Denote the mass density of the material by and theaccelerations in the coordinate directions by and . Then the equation of motion in 2D can be written as follows:Find the displacements on such that
ρ
22
=
x x
uu
y
u
u
,
xx x yy y
b ub u on
+ =+ =
σρσρ
where D u
=
σ
,
x x y yu
withn t n t onu u on
σσ
= = Γ= Γ
Plane stress:Plane strain:
2
1 01 01(1 )0 02
v E  D vvv
=
1 01 0(1 )(1 2 )(1 2 )0 02
v v E  D v vv vv
= +
00
x y y x
=