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USAID Madagascar : Achieving the MDG, The Contribution of Family Planning

USAID Madagascar : Achieving the MDG, The Contribution of Family Planning

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Published by HayZara Madagascar
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—a set of eight important, time- bound goals ranging from reducing poverty by half to providing universal primary education—represent a blueprint for global development agreed to by member states of the United Nations and international development institutions. However, achieving them will be a major challenge for Madagascar and many other developing countries that are not “on track” to meet the goals by the target date of 2015. As stated by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, it will take time and commitment to mobilize the necessary resources, train the required personnel, and establish the needed infrastructure to meet the MDGs.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—a set of eight important, time- bound goals ranging from reducing poverty by half to providing universal primary education—represent a blueprint for global development agreed to by member states of the United Nations and international development institutions. However, achieving them will be a major challenge for Madagascar and many other developing countries that are not “on track” to meet the goals by the target date of 2015. As stated by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, it will take time and commitment to mobilize the necessary resources, train the required personnel, and establish the needed infrastructure to meet the MDGs.

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Published by: HayZara Madagascar on Jun 14, 2013
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11/18/2013

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Achieving the MDGs
Eradicate extremepoverty and hungerAchieve universalprimary educationPromote genderequality and empowerwomenReduce child mortalityImprove maternalhealthCombat HIV/AIDS,malaria, and otherdiseasesEnsure environmentalsustainabilityDevelop a globalpartnership fordevelopment1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.
 T
he Millennium Development Goals(MDGs)—a set o eight important, time-bound goals ranging rom reducing povertyby hal to providing universal primaryeducation—represent a blueprint or globaldevelopment agreed to by member stateso the United Nations and internationaldevelopment institutions. However, achievingthem will be a major challenge or Madagascarand many other developing countries that arenot “on track” to meet the goals by the targetdate o 2015. As stated by United NationsSecretary-General Ko Annan, it will take timeand commitment to mobilize the necessaryresources, train the required personnel, andestablish the neededinrastructure tomeet the MDGs.In Madagascarand other Aricancountries, onemajor actorcontributing tothe challenge is the continued rapid growtho the population. The number o people inneed o health, education, economic, andother services is large and increasing, which,in turn, means that the amount o resources,personnel, and inrastructure required to meetthe MDGs is also increasing. In light o thisact, development eforts in support o theMDGs should not overlook the importance andbenets o slowing population growth. This brie, based on a multi-country studytitled “Achieving the Millennium DevelopmentGoals: The Contribution o Family Planning,”looks at how one strategy—
meeting the need for family planning
—can reduce populationgrowth and make achieving the MDGs moreafordable in Madagascar, in addition todirectly contributing to the goals o reducingchild mortality and improving maternal health.
MillenniumDevelopment Goals
 The contribution of family planning
Reducing MDG Costs
High rates o population growth are largelythe result o requent childbearing or highertility—oten corresponding with a largeunmet need or amily planning (FP). InMadagascar, women still have, on average,about 5 children each, and surveys show thatthe unmet need or FP services is high (23.6percent o married women o reproductiveage want to space or limit births but arenot currently using any method o amilyplanning). I access to amily planningservices was increased, this unmet needcould be met, thereore slowing populationgrowth and reducingthe costs o meeting theMDGs. The study estimatedthe extent o the costsavings or ive o theeight MDGs. Costswere calculated undertwo scenarios: when unmet need or amilyplanning remains constant and when allunmet need is gradually met by 2015.Although it may take Madagascar longer than10 years to satisy all unmet need—and thisquestion is addressed in the larger study—what is clear is that reducing the unmetneed or FP services can help Madagascarsigniicantly reduce the costs o meeting theive selected MDGs, including:Achieve universal primary educationReduce child mortalityImprove maternal healthEnsure environmental sustainabilityCombat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and otherdiseasesFor example, the cost o achieving the MDGor universal primary education is inluenced

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