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Anatomy Trains

Anatomy Trains

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Published by Dragoş Mitrofan
Anatomy book...with different lines of muscles...front ...back...lateral...
Anatomy book...with different lines of muscles...front ...back...lateral...

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Dragoş Mitrofan on Jun 14, 2013
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11/26/2013

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   A   N   A   T   O   M   I   S   T   ’   S   C   O   R   N   E   R
By Thomas Myers
Figure 1 — IQ measures theintelligence of the nervoussystem (Figure 1A),EQmeasures the intelligenceof the body’s fluid system(Figure 1B),and KQmeasures the intelligenceinherent in the body’s fibrous(myofascial) system (Figure 1C).
Photos 1A-1C used with kind permission of Dover Press.
80
MASSAGE & BODYWORK 
 JUNE/JULY 2004
Figure 1AFigure 1BFigure 1C
 
T
 he Anatomist’s Corner is veering from its usualmessy paintbox of muscles to join with this issue’stheme of Structural Integration (SI). This author has been joyfully engaged with Ida Rolf’s work — and specifi-cally her 10-session “recipe” — for nearly (gulp!) 30 years.SI remains a genuine contribution to the larger endeavorwe could call “SpatialMedicine” — the explo-ration of what canchange when we alter theclient’s experience of inner space; in otherwords, actual structuralrelationships and theirkinesthetic propriocep-tion. The scope of inquiry within the worldof Spatial Medicine isvery wide, consideringissues of evolution andmaturational develop-ment, authentic self-expression, the relation-ship between spatialarrangement and physi-ology, and, of course, thecomplex details of bio-mechanics (Rolf, I, 1977,
 Rolfing 
, Healing Arts Press,Rochester, VT). Osteopaths and chiropractors, yoga andAlexander teachers, Feldenkrais workers,Pilates and dance teachers, martial artists,somatically-oriented psychotherapists,athletic trainers and coaches, bodywork-ers of all stripes, and most especially theteachers of movement to children — allthese and more labor in the vineyard of Spatial Medicine.All Spatial Medicine practitioners seekKQ — increased Kinesthetic Intelligence.We are accustomed to measuring IQ, andwe are warming to the idea of EQ —Emotional Intelligence. But KQ — theintelligence of the moving body — hasyet to be measured or mapped, with theresult that, especially in our body-alienat-ing culture, much of our KQ is wasted(see Figure 1A, 1B, 1C).SI is one experiment in generating such body-centeredintelligence, with a method designed to balance and length-en the standing body around its gravitational line. This feat is usually accomplished via a finite series of sessions of deep fascial and myofascial work undertaken over severalmonths. The goal is to progressively move the posturalarrangement from wherever the client begins toward adynamic and hopefully more functional state of balance.Over the last five years, I experimented with, and then began teaching, a new form of this recipe — a 12-sessionseries that, I am convinced, brings increased clarity, logic,accessibility, and creativityto SI practice. Have a look,and judge for yourself (seeFigures 2A and B).
Similar But Different
T
 he AnatomyTrains Recipe(ATR) covers thesame territory— the myofas-cia of theentire parietal body — asthe Rolf Classic Recipe(RCR) and is based on the sameprinciples. TheAnatomy Trains 12-sessionrecipe, however, bases itself around coherent myofascially-linked complexes called“myofascial meridians” — lines of tensile transmissionwithin the unitary and body-wide fascial net (Myers, T, 2001,
 Anatomy Trains
, ChurchillLivingstone, Edinburgh).This approach has the advantage of basingthe recipe on a logical unfolding of myofas-cial continuities rather than a protocol based largely on “Ida said…”. To me, the new pro-tocol is easier to learn and retain, and makesthe journey from postural/movement assess-ment to treatment plan more accessible.On the other hand, any change in some-thing as complex as Rolf’s work runs therisk of “throwing the baby out with the bathwater” — of making some essentialchange in the results obtained. The changesproposed here to the SI protocol seem, tothis author, to be minor, but telling,improvements, but I welcome critical think-ing from my colleagues, publicly or back-channel.For those already familiar with Ida Rolf’s recipe, let mealert you to a few things before going any further:1) Please remember that this version is offered in thecontext of the beginning student — how the student 
Figure 2 — Ida Rolf’s classic recipe is taught in variousStructural Integration (SI) schools,including the Rolf Institute® (Figure 2A — original 1958 logo for posturalrelease).The Anatomy Trains recipe is taught exclusively in theKinesis Myofascial Integration (KMI) program (Figure 2B).Figure 3 — Dr.Ida P.Rolf,Ph.D,1896–1979,pioneer of Structural Integration.
 
Figure 2AFigure 2B
 JUNE/JULY 2004
MASSAGE & BODYWORK 
81
 
BONY STATIONSMYOFASCIAL TRACKSScalp fasciaMastoid process12.11.SternocleidomastoidSternal manubrium10.9.Sternalis/sternochondral fasciaFifth rib8.7.Rectus abdominisPubic tubercle6.Anterior inferior iliac spine5.4.Rectus femoris/quadricepsPatellaSubpatellar tendonTibial tuberosity3.2.Short and long toe extensors,tibialis anterior,anterior cruralcompartmentDorsal surface of foot and toes1.
practitioner can most easily attain a working understand-ing of the myofascial system as a whole and her intent within it; 2) the lower leg work that is concentrated inSession 2 of the RCR is spread throughout the first fiveATR sessions; and 3) look for the addition of a SpiralLine Session between RCR Sessions 3 and 4, plus a ses-sion devoted entirely to arms and shoulders near the end.For those unfamiliar with the Rolf series, look at thefollowing as a map to unwinding the myofascial layersof the body.
The Anatomy Trains Recipe in General
T
 he SI recipe based on the Anatomy Trains isdesigned to give the beginning student an accurateand inclusive map to the body and the progression of thesessions without stifling artistic or experimental inquiry.The ATR defines a territory and a set of goals foreach session, leaving the specifics of application to theindividual practitioner interacting with the unique pat-tern of each client. Following is a skeleton of the ATR,without the questions or palpatory assessments that areessential before developing an individual strategy forany given session. These assessments determine whereto start, what to emphasize, what are the specific goals,and how to know when you are done. Any recipe, inother words, is only a shell that needs to be filled withthe client’s details before it comes alive.Another general point is that these myofascial meridianscan be understood in three ways:1)
As a Line
— They can be portrayed as a simple geo-metric line (See Figure 4A) — the most economical line of pull, from one end of the line to the other,attachment to attachment.2)
As a Plane
Each line — especially the cardinal(front, back, and side) lines — extends into the sur-rounding investing fascia blended into the specificmyofascia of the line. (See Figure 4B)3)
As a Volume
— The three-dimensional actuality of the muscles and fascia named within the line. (SeeFigure 4C)
Figure 4 — Each Anatomy Trains line can be portrayed as a one-dimensional geometric line (Figure 4A),a two-dimen-sional plane (Figure 4B),or a three-dimensional volume of fascial and myofascial structures (Figure 4C).In the follow-ing summary of the recipe,the illustrations are drawn from various sources to show the variety in which the lines havebeen mapped.
 All pictures not otherwise attributed are drawn from
Anatomy Trains
 ,Elsevier 2001.
Figure 4A
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MASSAGE & BODYWORK 
 JUNE/JULY 2004

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