plasticating capacity. Core pulls, air ejects, valve gates, and other options may be present as thedesign dictates.Once these preliminaries are attended to, Rees details the mold design process, beginning withchoosing the mold base, which he calls a shoe. He discusses mold base steels, comparing theadvantages of standard prebuilt mold bases against mold bases built in-house. He then describesmold hardware, such as pins, bushings, ejector pins, and sleeves. Mold drawings, the stack layout,and product cross sections are touched upon next. Here undercuts, internal threads, unscrewingcomponents, and other features are illustrated.Hot runner, cold runner, and three-plate runner systems are presented with the help of illustrationson runner balancing, sizing, and layout. Other topics include venting, ejection, cooling, and moldalignment.Chapter 5 concludes with a discussion of mold layout and assembly drawings, bill of materials, andfinishing touches. In a very short Chapter 6, Rees recommends another design review with themolder after the initial sampling. Chapter 7 identifies typical designs, such as molds for containersand cup-shaped products, along with technical products.Chapter 8 is a short but important chapter on estimating mold cost, where nothing can take the placeof experience, according to Rees. Two widely used methods for cost estimating are explained.Chapter 9 describes machining operations. After a brief history of the mold making trade, Reesreviews such operations as EDM, jig grinding, CNC machining, and gun drilling. Materials selectionis also covered in this chapter, including two excellent tables on mold steels and properties of moldmaterials. The chapter ends with an explanation of the heat treatment process.An appendix lists sources for CAD/CAM programs, fluid flow programs, and stress analysis.
Understanding Injection Mold Design
packs a lot of information into a small volume. I recommendthis book for students as well as seasoned professionals, be they designers, mold makers, ormolders.
—Reviewer: Brent Borgerson, process engineering manager, Matrix Tooling/Matrix PlasticProducts, Wood Dale, IL,firstname.lastname@example.org
Edition: FirstPublished: 2001Softbound 115 pagesAuthor: Herbert Rees
Today, most molders, including many mold makers, specialize in certain areas. There are specialistsfor thin wall molding, screw caps, large beverage container crates, pre-forms for PET bottles, smallgears, and many others. But, regardless of the size and type of the product to be injection molded,whether small or large, with single or multiple cavities, or who designs or builds the mold, the basicmold design principles are always the same. These basic design principles for good mold design are the focus of Understanding Injection MoldDesign. The designer will not find elaborate drawings of existing molds, but instead he or she willlearn about the many factors that must be considered when successfully designing a mold."I undertook to write this book essentially to explain what is really important in the design of aninjection mold, so that a good mold, best suitable for the application, can be created even if there isno precedent. It is meant to be used to guide the designer to think, and to frequently ask, why,where, when, how, etc., when considering the many possible choices before settling on a finalconcept." -from author Herbert Rees