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God and Existence (http://umberto-miguel-rullo.info)

God and Existence (http://umberto-miguel-rullo.info)

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"We have in ourselves the idea of an absolutely perfect being.Now,perfection implies existence.Hence God exists."St Anselmus
"We have in ourselves the idea of an absolutely perfect being.Now,perfection implies existence.Hence God exists."St Anselmus

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Umberto Miguel Rullo on Apr 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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"We have in ourselves the idea of an absolutely perfect being.Now,perfection implies existence.Hence God exists."(St Anselmus)St Thomas Aquinas
Part 1 Monotheism, Part 2 Human Genome and Stem Cells, Part 3 Soul and ImmortalityAdvanced Information
Topics: Monotheism Monotheism is the belief that there is only one God. Related terms are polytheism (the belief that there are many gods),henotheism (belief in one supreme god, though not necessarily to the exclusion of belief in other lesser gods), monolatry (worship of only onegod, though not necessarily denying that other gods exist), and atheism (denying or disbelieving in the existence of any gods at all).
Atheism was not particularly attractive to the Israelite people in ancient times. They were convinced that only fools would be so spirituallyignorant as to deny the existence of a supreme being (Pss. 14:1; 53:1). For the people of God, the fear of the Lord was the beginning of wisdom and knowledge (Ps. 111:10; Prov. 1:7; 9:10). But if the Israelites did not doubt that there was at least one God, the nations on theirorders faced them with the tantalizing possibility that there might be more than one. Egypt, Phoenicia, Aram, Ammon, Moab, Edom, theseand other nations were polytheistic, henotheistic, or monolatrous throughout their history in ancient times. One of the questions raised bythe OT is whether Israel would remain monotheistic or be attracted by the religious options preferred by its pagan neighbors.Students of comparative religion have suggested that the religions of mankind evolved from lower stages to ever higher stages, the highest of all being monotheism. They have proposed that Israelite religion began as animism, the belief that every natural object is inhabited by asupernatural spirit. After animism, we are told, the idea developed in Israel that some spirits were more powerful than others and deservedto be called "gods." Eventually the most powerful of all became preeminent above the others, and the people believed in his supremeauthority and worshipped him alone. Finally, Israel became willing to admit that the lesser gods had no existence whatever. Comparativereligion, then, often teaches that Israel's religion underwent a process of evolution from animism to polytheism to henotheism tomonotheism.But it cannot be shown that polytheistic religions always gradually reduce the number of their gods, finally arriving at only one. Forexample, there are innumerable Hindu deities (estimates range from several hundred thousand to 800 million, depending on how deity isdefined), and the number seems actually to be increasing. Since a religion may add more and more deities as it followers become aware of more and more natural phenomena to deify, it is just as plausible to assume that polytheism is the end product of evolution from an originalmonotheism as it is to assume the reverse.(Elwell Evangelical Dictionary)
Monotheism (from the Greek monos "only", and theos "god") is a word coined in comparatively modern times to designate belief in the onesupreme God, the Creator and Lord of the world, the eternal Spirit, All-powerful, All-wise, and All-good, the Rewarder of good and thePunisher of evil, the Source of our happiness and perfection. It is opposed to Polytheism, which is belief in more gods than one, and toAtheism, which is disbelief in any deity whatsoever. In contrast with Deism, it is the recognition of God's presence and activity in every partof creation. In contrast with Pantheism, it is belief in a God of conscious freedom, distinct from the physical world. Both Deism andPantheism are religious philosophies rather than religions.On the other hand, Monotheism, like Polytheism, is a term applying primarily to a concrete system of religion. The grounds of reasonunderlying monotheism have already been set forth in the article GOD. These grounds enable the inquiring mind to recognize the existenceof God as a morally certain truth. Its reasonableness acquires still greater force from the positive data associated with the revelation of Christianity. (See REVELATION.)
PRIMITIVE MONOTHEISMWas monotheism the religion of our first parents? Many Evolutionists and Rationalist Protestants answer No. Rejecting the very notion of positive, Divine revelation, they hold that the mind of man was in the beginning but little above that of his ape-like ancestors, and henceincapable of grasping so intellectual a conception as that of Monotheism.They assert that the first religious notions entertained by man in his upward course towards civilization were superstitions of the grossestkind. In a word, primitive man was, in their opinion, a savage, differing but little from existing savages in his intellectual, moral, andreligious life. Catholic doctrine teaches that the religion of our first parents was monotheistic and supernatural, being the result of Divinerevelation. Not that primitive man without Divine help could not possibly have come to know and worship God. The first man, like hisdescendants today, had by nature the capacity and the aptitude for religion. Being a man in the true sense, with the use of reason, he had thetendency then, as men have now, to recognize in the phenomena of nature the workings of a mind and a will vastly superior to his own. But,as he lacked experience and scientific knowledge, it was not easy for him to unify the diverse phenomena of the visible world. Hence he wasnot without danger of going astray in his religious interpretation of nature. He was liable to miss the important truth that, as nature is aunity, so the God of nature is one. Revelation was morally necessary for our first parents, as it is for men today, to secure the possession of true monotheistic belief and worship. The conception that Almighty God vouchsafed such a revelation is eminently reasonable to everyonewho recognizes that the end of man is to know, love, and serve God. It is repugnant to think that the first generations of men were left togrope in the dark, ignorant alike of the true God and of their religious duties, while at the same time it was God's will that they should knowand love Him. The instruction in religion which children receive from their parents and superiors, anticipating their powers of independentreasoning, and guiding them to a right knowledge of God, being impossible for our first parents, was not without a fitting substitute. Theywere set right from the first in the knowledge of their religious duties by a Divine revelation. It is a Catholic dogma, intimately connectedwith the dogma of original sin and with that of the Atonement, that our first parents were raised to the state of sanctifying grace and weredestined to a supernatural end, namely, the beatific vision of God in heaven. This necessarily implies supernatural faith, which could comeonly by revelation.Nor is there anything in sound science or philosophy to invalidate this teaching that Monotheistic belief was imparted by God to primitiveman. While it may be true that human life in the beginning was on a comparatively low plane of material culture, it is also true that the firstmen were endowed with reason, i.e., with the ability to conceive with sufficient distinctness of a being who was the cause of the manifoldphenomena presented in nature. On the other hand, a humble degree of culture along the lines of art and industry is quite compatible withright religion and morality, as is evident in the case of tribes converted to Catholicism in recent times; while retaining much of their rudeand primitive mode of living, they have reached very clear notions concerning God and shown remarkable fidelity in the observance of Hislaw. As to the bearing of the Evolutionistic hypothesis on this question, see FETISHISM. It is thus quite in accordance with the accreditedresults of physical science to maintain that the first man, created by God, was keen of mind as well as sound of body, and that, throughDivine instruction, he began life with right notions of God and of his moral and religious duties. This does not necessarily mean that hisconception of God was scientifically and philosophically profound. Here it is that scholars are wide of the mark when they argue thatMonotheism is a conception that implies a philosophic grasp and training of mind absolutely impossible to primitive man.The notion of the supreme God needed for religion is not the highly metaphysical conception demanded by right philosophy. If it were, butfew could hope for salvation. The God of religion is the unspeakably great Lord on whom man depends, in whom he recognizes the source of his happiness and perfection; He is the righteous Judge, rewarding good and punishing evil; the loving and merciful Father, whose ear is

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