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eBook - Mushrooms - The Mushroom Cultivator

eBook - Mushrooms - The Mushroom Cultivator

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Published by ctoomuch

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Published by: ctoomuch on Apr 30, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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Introduction to Mushroom
Culture/1
CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION TO
MUSHROOM CULTURE
Figure
0
Wall
of
Pleurotus
ostreatus 
fruitbodies.
 
2/The Mushroom Cultivator
MOUND
BED! CULTURE
Figure 1 Diagram illustrating overview of general techniques for the cultivation of
mushrooms.
 
Introduction
to Mushroom Culture/3
AN OVERVIEW OF TECHNIQUES
FOR MUSHROOM CULTIVATION
T
echniques for cultivating mushrooms,
whatever
the species, follow the same basic pattern.Whereas two species may differ in temperature requirements, pH
preferences
or the
substrate
on which they grow, the
steps
leading to fruiting are essentially the same. They can be summarizedas
follows:
1.
Preparation and pouring of agar media into petri dishes.2. Germination of
spores
and isolation of pure mushroom mycelium.3. Expansion of mycelial mass on agar media.4. Preparation of grain media.5. Inoculation of grain media with pure mycelium grown on agar media.6.
Incubation
of inoculated grain media (spawn).7. A. Laying out grain spawn onto
trays,
or
B. Inoculation of grain spawn into bulk substrates.
8.
Casing—covering
of substrate with a moist mixture of peat and other materials.
9.
Initiation—lowering
temperature, increasing humidity to 95%, increasing air circulation,
decreasing carbon dioxide and/or
introducing
light.
10.
Cropping—maintaining
temperature, lowering humidity to 85-92%, maintaining air cir-
culation, carbon dioxide and/or light levels.
With many species moderate crops can be produced on cased grain cultures. Or, the
cultivator
can go one step further and inoculate compost, straw or wood. In either case, the fruiting of mush-rooms requires a high humidity environment that can be readily
controlled.
Without proper
mois-
ture, mushrooms don't grow.In the subsequent chapters standard methods for germinating spores are discussed, followed byTechniques for growing mycelium on agar, producing grain and/or bran "spawn", preparing
com-
posted and non-composted substrates, spawn running, casing and pinhead formation. With this laststep the methods for fruiting various species diverge and techniques specific to each mushroom areindividually outlined. A trouble-shooting guide helps cultivators identify and solve problems that are
commonly encountered. This is followed by a thorough analysis of the contaminants and pests of
mushroom culture and a chapter explaining the nature of mushroom genetics. In all, the book is asystem of knowledge that integrates the various techniques developed by commercial growersworldwide and makes the cultivation of mushrooms at home a practical endeavor.

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