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The Migration Period, southern Denmark and the North Sea

The Migration Period, southern Denmark and the North Sea

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The topic of this workbook, written by staff and students of the Maritime Archaeology Programme, is the Gredstedbro ship from the 7th century. The ship was found in 1945 during a normalization project on the stream Kongeåen (”King’s river”) in Southwest Jutland. Originally interpreted as remains of a bridge, a few pieces of the wood were torn off and stored at the museum in Ribe, and the location forgotten. Only 20 years later the timbers were recognized as ship timbers, but the parts that are still out there have yet to be found.

Pending further work on the site, the workbook covers aspects of the landscape, the cultural, social and political environment of the Early Middle Ages, and compares the timbers from Gredstedbro to other contemporary ship finds from Northern Europe. Ship finds from this period are rare, but in construction and dimensions, the Gredstedbro ship seems best to resemble the Sutton Hoo ship.
The topic of this workbook, written by staff and students of the Maritime Archaeology Programme, is the Gredstedbro ship from the 7th century. The ship was found in 1945 during a normalization project on the stream Kongeåen (”King’s river”) in Southwest Jutland. Originally interpreted as remains of a bridge, a few pieces of the wood were torn off and stored at the museum in Ribe, and the location forgotten. Only 20 years later the timbers were recognized as ship timbers, but the parts that are still out there have yet to be found.

Pending further work on the site, the workbook covers aspects of the landscape, the cultural, social and political environment of the Early Middle Ages, and compares the timbers from Gredstedbro to other contemporary ship finds from Northern Europe. Ship finds from this period are rare, but in construction and dimensions, the Gredstedbro ship seems best to resemble the Sutton Hoo ship.

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05/07/2013

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T
HE
M
IGRATION
P
ERIOD
,S
OUTHERN
D
ENMARK
 
AND THE
N
ORTH
S
EA
 
A WORKBOOK IN RELATIONSHIP TO THE
G
REDSTEDBRO FIND
 
B
O
E
JSTRUD
 T
OMAS
A.
 
H
UNNICKE
 C
HRISTINE
H
USUM
 A
RISTEA
K
ORRE
 T
HIJS
J.
 
M
AARLEVELD
 K
ONSTANTINA
V
AFEIADOU
 E
DITED BY
B
O
E
JSTRUD
&
 
T
HIJS
J.
 
M
AARLEVELD
 E
SBJERG
2008
 
 Bo Ejstrud, Tomas A. Hunnicke, Christine Husum, Aristea Korre, Thijs J.Maarleveld, Konstantina Vafeiadou:
The migration period, Southern Denmark and the North Sea A workbook in relation to the Gredstedbro find 
Maritime Archaeology ProgrammeUniversity of Southern Denmark www.sdu.dk/maritimearchaeology © The authorsEdited by: Bo Ejstrud, Thijs J. MaarleveldPrint: Syddansk Universitets TrykkeriISBN: 978-87-992214-1-7Published by:Maritime Archaeology ProgrammeUniversity of Southern Denmark Niels Bohrs Vej 9-10DK-6700 EsbjergDenmark Printed in Denmark 2008
 
iii
T
ABLE OF
C
ONTENTS
 
Foreword
.......................................................................................... vii
 1. Introduction
................................................................................... 1
 
I
 
-
 
T
HE
P
HYSICAL
E
NVIRONMENT
 
2. The Landscape
............................................................................... 7
 
Palaeogeographical reconstruction ................................................. 7Palaeogeography along the North Sea coast .............................. 8The area ........................................................................................... 9Sea level changes and palaeo-coastlines .................................. 10Tidal range ............................................................................... 11Currents .................................................................................... 11The Kongeå ................................................................................... 12Local geology, geomorphology and topographyof the Kongeå area ............................................................... 12River morphology .................................................................... 12River gradient ........................................................................... 13River discharge and depth ........................................................ 13Approach and navigability of the Kongeå ............................... 13
II
 
-
 
T
HE
C
ULTURAL
E
NVIRONMENT
 
3. Historical overview
...................................................................... 17
 
Germanic tribes in England .......................................................... 17Frisia ............................................................................................. 19Scandinavia ................................................................................... 20Material culture ............................................................................. 22Demography .................................................................................. 22
4. Settlement and economy
............................................................. 25Development of central trade-places and emporia ....................... 255
th
to 7
th
centuries ..................................................................... 257
th
to 9
th
centuries ..................................................................... 26Development of rural settlements ................................................. 28

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