Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Ship - Its Meaning,Registration and Nationality [MARLAW]

The Ship - Its Meaning,Registration and Nationality [MARLAW]

Ratings: (0)|Views: 268 |Likes:
meaning of a ship, what is ship registration, what is ship nationality
meaning of a ship, what is ship registration, what is ship nationality

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Frenzie Mae Vasquez Rivera on Jun 16, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/12/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 THE SHIP
Its meaning, registration and nationality
MARLAW Chapter 2MWF 1030-1130Submitted By:Frenzie Mae RiveraRey Enrique BulaonDaniel RiveraSubmitted To:Atty. Marricar Endico
 
OBJECTIVES
 
Discuss the historical development of ships
 
Give the legal definitions of a ship in relation to registration, carriage, pollution andmaritime conventions
 
Understand if a floating structure is a ship and explain the common legal ways of acquiring aship
 
Understand the meaning and purpose of ship registration and her nationality
 
Define the flag state jurisdiction and control
 
Know the diplomatic protection that can be accorded to a ship and its crew; and
 
Know the concepts of the flag of convenience, “small register” and “second registry”
 
EARLY EVOLUTION OF SHIPS
Even in the early times, ships were used for transporting goods and people. The early types of shipwere in the form of a
sailing craft 
. The craft is a flat raft with a short mast positioned so that a singlesquare sail could be hoisted.
Cheops Ship -
OLDEST CONSIDERED SHIP 
One such funeral ship was unearthed in 1954 during excavation of the Great Pyramid of Giza. This ship was constructed for the pharaoh Khufu, also called Cheops, and hiscontemporaries around 2600 bc. Remarkably well preserved, it was constructed from woodplanks and timbers and measures approximately 38 m (125 ft) long. Such vessels wereconstructed to transport souls of the departed through the heavens in the path of the sungod.
Phoenician Cargo Ship
Considered the best shipbuilders of the time, thePhoenicians designed boats that depended more onwind than on manpower. Phoenician ships could carrymore cargo than galley ships, which needed room foroars and rowers. These ships were used inMediterranean Trade as ancient Phoenicia was anarrow strip of territory on the eastern coast of theMediterranean Sea, now largely in modern Lebanon.Building vessels of approximately 30-
100 m in length, they have improved the Egyptians’
ship design.
 
The principle of building a hull for the ships came from Europe. The frame was alongitudinal keel, with stem posts and sternposts and arthwartship ribs. The frame wascovered with wooden planks coated with a *pitch.
 
*substance obtained from tar:
a dark sticky substance obtained from tar and used in thebuilding trades, especially for waterproofing roofs).
 
 
 
Romans introduced the idea of decking partly their ships so that passengers and crew willhave shelters when they board the ship
This is one of the earliest surviving examples of modernship construction, found inBodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum in Turkey. The hundredsof wooden fragments resembleabout 20% of this Mediterranean
trading ship’s hull.
Chinese Junk 
This is a Chinese fishing boat and is also called a
 junk.
 Junks have covered decks, characteristic *lugsails, andlong rudders, but no keel. Their compartmentalizedhulls increase stability on the open ocean.
*four-sided sail:
 
an irregularly shaped four-sided sail  fixed to a beam that crosses the mast at an angle
Viking Longships
This is an example of a *lapstrake construction. In *Vikingships of the 9th century and later, external planks wereoverlapped and lashed to the ship's frame, producing astrong, flexible hull. The ship carried 16-30 oarsmen oneach side and had large square sails. Warriors andsupplies were carried in support of the conquest forpower and supremacy.
*clinker-built boat:
a boat built with overlapping planks
 
*Nordic peoples
Danes, Swedes,and Norwegians
 
Caravels
Fishing vessels called caravels first appeared in Spain andPortugal in the 13th century. These small, seaworthy sailingships proved so agile and reliable that almost every Europeanseafaring nation had adopted them by the end of the 15thcentury. Caravels carried cargo of all kinds throughout the

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->