Discuss the historical development of ships
Give the legal definitions of a ship in relation to registration, carriage, pollution andmaritime conventions
Understand if a floating structure is a ship and explain the common legal ways of acquiring aship
Understand the meaning and purpose of ship registration and her nationality
Define the flag state jurisdiction and control
Know the diplomatic protection that can be accorded to a ship and its crew; and
Know the concepts of the flag of convenience, “small register” and “second registry”
EARLY EVOLUTION OF SHIPS
Even in the early times, ships were used for transporting goods and people. The early types of shipwere in the form of a
. The craft is a flat raft with a short mast positioned so that a singlesquare sail could be hoisted.
Cheops Ship -
OLDEST CONSIDERED SHIP
One such funeral ship was unearthed in 1954 during excavation of the Great Pyramid of Giza. This ship was constructed for the pharaoh Khufu, also called Cheops, and hiscontemporaries around 2600 bc. Remarkably well preserved, it was constructed from woodplanks and timbers and measures approximately 38 m (125 ft) long. Such vessels wereconstructed to transport souls of the departed through the heavens in the path of the sungod.
Phoenician Cargo Ship
Considered the best shipbuilders of the time, thePhoenicians designed boats that depended more onwind than on manpower. Phoenician ships could carrymore cargo than galley ships, which needed room foroars and rowers. These ships were used inMediterranean Trade as ancient Phoenicia was anarrow strip of territory on the eastern coast of theMediterranean Sea, now largely in modern Lebanon.Building vessels of approximately 30-
100 m in length, they have improved the Egyptians’
The principle of building a hull for the ships came from Europe. The frame was alongitudinal keel, with stem posts and sternposts and arthwartship ribs. The frame wascovered with wooden planks coated with a *pitch.
*substance obtained from tar:
a dark sticky substance obtained from tar and used in thebuilding trades, especially for waterproofing roofs).