Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Palestinian Authority’s Responsibility for the Outbreak of the Second Intifada

Palestinian Authority’s Responsibility for the Outbreak of the Second Intifada

Ratings: (0)|Views: 5 |Likes:
Yasser Arafat and important segments of the Palestinian leadership were directly responsible for suicide bombing attacks that struck Israel’s major cities during the Second Intifada (2000-2005), leaving more than 1,000 Israelis dead and many more permanently maimed.
Yasser Arafat and important segments of the Palestinian leadership were directly responsible for suicide bombing attacks that struck Israel’s major cities during the Second Intifada (2000-2005), leaving more than 1,000 Israelis dead and many more permanently maimed.

More info:

Published by: Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs on Jun 16, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/14/2014

pdf

text

original

 
PalestinianAuthority’sResponsibilityfortheOutbreakoftheSecondIntifada:ItsOwnDamningTestimony
Lt.Col.(ret.)JonathanD.Halevi
February20,2013
No.594March-April2013
 
OnFebruary11,2013,onIsrael’sChannel10televisionprogram“TheSource,”itwasclaimedthattherewasnotevenan“iotaofevidence”thatthePalestinianAuthorityleadership,andYasserArafatinparticular,plannedandinitiatedtheSecondIntifada,whichbeganinSeptember2000andresultedinthedeathsofmorethan1,000Israelisby2005.
 
Rather,itwasclaimedthatthiswasaspontaneouspopularuprisingthatrancountertotheinterestsofthePalestinianleadership.Asaconsequence,Arafatappearstobeexoneratedbythenarrativepresented.TheprogramalsoreopenedtheolddebateoverwhethertheSecondIntifadawasignitedbyArielSharon’sSeptember2000visittotheTempleMountinJerusalem.
 
Yet,extensivetestimonyatthetimeandinretrospectdemonstratesthePalestinianAuthority’sroleininitiatingandmanagingtheSecondIntifadaasanextensiveterroronslaught,designedtoimposeaunilateral,unconditionalwithdrawaluponIsrael,andimproveconditionsinanticipationofthebattleforrealizingPalestiniandemandsforthereturnoftherefugees.
 
ThefinaldecisiontoinitiatetheSecondIntifadawasmadebyYasserArafatimmediatelyupontheconclusionofthesecondCampDavidsummit,whichendedonJuly25,2000.Directivesweredisseminatedtothenationalsecurityforces,instructingthemtopreparefortheimmediateoptionofinitiatingaviolentcampaignagainstIsrael.
 
 
Thisstudypresentsthehandwritingthatwasonthewall,withstatementsreferringtoareturntoconflictbyYasserArafat,MarwanBarghouti,SakhrHabash,ImadFalluji,SuhaArafat,AhmedIbrahimHiles,RaedMuhammed,JihadAl-Amarin,YasserKhalil,andNabilShaath,aswellasinofficialPalestinianAuthoritypublications.ThestudyconcludeswiththetextofthefirstproclamationbytheNationalandIslamicForces,theumbrellagroupthatcoordinatedtheoperationsofFatahandHamasagainstIsrael.
 
YasserArafatandimportantsegmentsofthePalestinianleadershipatthattimeweredirectlyresponsibleforwhathappenedduringtheSecondIntifadaandnoamountofrevisionisthistorycanexonerateArafatforstandingbehindoneofthebloodiestperiodsinIsrael’smodernhistory.OnFebruary11,2013,onIsrael’sChannel10televisionprogram“TheSource,”itwasclaimedthattherewasnotevenan“iotaofevidence”thatthePalestinianAuthorityleadership,andYasserArafatinparticular,plannedandinitiatedtheSecondIntifada,whichbeganinSeptember2000andresultedinthedeathsofmorethan1,000Israelisby2005.Rather,itwasclaimedthatthiswasaspontaneouspopularuprisingthatrancountertotheinterestsofthePalestinianleadership.Asaconsequence,Arafatappearstobeexoneratedbythenarrativepresented.TheprogramalsoreopenedtheolddebateoverwhethertheSecondIntifadawasignitedbyArielSharon’sSeptember2000visittotheTempleMountinJerusalem.Yet,extensivetestimonyatthetimeandinretrospectdemonstratesthePalestinianAuthority’sroleininitiatingandmanagingtheSecondIntifadaasanextensiveterroronslaught,designedtoimposeaunilateral,unconditionalwithdrawaluponIsrael,andimproveconditionsinanticipationofthebattleforrealizingPalestiniandemandsforthereturnoftherefugees.
 Arafat:APuppetLeaderoranAuthoritativeLeader?
 
Iftheintifada“erupted”byitself,”thenArafat’sundisputedleadershipofthePalestinianpeopleandFatahwaspurelyamyth.Infact,thiswouldmeanthatArafatwasapuppetleaderwhodidnothavethepower,leadership,andauthoritytosignapoliticalagreementwithIsraelinthenameofthePalestinianpeoplethatwouldputanendtotheconflictwiththeJewishpeopleoverPalestine.Furthermore,thiswouldimplythattheIsraeliintelligenceagenciesfailedstrategically.TheyallfailedtowarntheIsraelipoliticalechelonpriortothe2000CampDavidconferenceaboutthefrailtyofArafat’sleadershipandhisirrelevanceasapartnertoanypeaceagreementpredicatedonanhistoriccompromise.YettheevidencedemonstratesthedirectconnectionbetweenArafatandtheintifada’slaunchandmanagement.
FatahasthePrimeContractorofthePalestinianAuthority
Intheyearsprecedingtheintifada,theFatahmovementheadedbyArafatfunctionedasthemainpillarofthestrategytoengageinapopularstruggleagainstIsrael.KeyeventsinthisstruggleincludetheTempleTunnelincidentsin1996,demonstrationsagainstJerusalem’sHarHomaneighborhoodin1997,andtheDaysofRageandthe“PrisonerIntifada”inMay2000.EachoftheseeventshelpedtoprovidebackgroundfortheSecondIntifadainSeptember2000.
 ArafatandBarghoutiThreatenaReturntotheArmedStruggleandIntifada
TheinitialsignsindicatingthataconcretedecisionhadbeenreachedtolaunchamajorterrorassaultagainstIsraelwerediscernibleinthetoughlanguageemployedbyYasserArafatinmeetingswiththe
Shabiba
–theFatahyouthorganization–inRamallahandNablusduringthatyear.AnumberofthesemeetingstookplaceinApril2000,afewmonthspriortothesecondCampDavidsummit.AsdocumentedbytheGazanewspaper
 Al-Mujahid 
(April3,2000),ArafatcalledtheyoungFatahmembers“thenewgenerals,”andthreatenedto“launchanew

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->