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Nursing MS (Cardio)

Nursing MS (Cardio)

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Published by aga1028
Cardiovascular assessment in Nursing.
Cardiovascular assessment in Nursing.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: aga1028 on May 01, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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Table of contents:
Objectives
……………………………………………………………..
1Methods……………………………………………………………….1Anatomy and Physiology……………………………………………..2History and Assessment………………………………………………5Dysrhythmias and Conduction problems……………………………..6Coronary Vascular Disease…………………………………………...11Structural, Infectious and Inflammatory Disorders…………………..15Acquired Valvular DisordersMitral valve prolapseMitral valve regurgitationMitral valve stenosisAortic regurgitationAortic stenosisCardiomyopathiesDilated CardiomyopathyHypertrophic CardiomyopathyRestrictive CardiomyopathyComplications from Cardiac Diseases………………………………..21Heart failureCardiogenic Shock Hypertension…………………………………………………………23References…………………………………………………………... 26
 
Objectives:
The general objective of the module is to discuss the cardiovascular system anddisorders to the students.Specifically, after being done with the module the students will be able to:1.Discuss various cardiac disorders and their pathophysiology.2.Enumerate various symptoms specific for each disorder.3.Give the management options, medical and non-medical treatment of choice.4.Formulate various nursing diagnoses specific for each disease and patient.5.Create appropriate nursing interventions for each priority cardiac problemsidentified, encountered or will be encountered in the future.
Methods:
This lecture module is intended to guide the discussion of the subject andfacilitate the learning experience of the students. The lecturers will facilitate, expound onsome topics and clarify unresolved issues and questions.Evaluation of the effectiveness of teaching will be measured through the students participation, quizzes, mastery test and/or examination.
 
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMbyRuby Ruth RocesI.Anatomy and physiology review
The heart is a hollow, muscular organ that lies within the pericardium in themiddle mediastinum. It is pyramidal in shape, with the apex directed downward,forward and to the left, usually lying in the 5
th
intercostals space left mid-clavicular line. It is divided into four chambers by an vertical septa. It iscomposed of 3 layers; the outer epicardium, middle myocardium and inner endocardium.The 4 chamber of the heart are the right atium, right ventricle, left atrium andleft ventricle. The right side of the heart receives deoxygenated blood from the peripheral organs and distributes it to the lungs via pulmonary arteries for oxygenation. The left side of the heart receives oxygenated blood from the lungsthrough the pulmonary veins and distributes it to the peripheral organs through theaorta.There are 4 valves in the heart which permits blood flow in 1 direction. Thesevalves can be classified into atrioventricular and semilunar valves. There are 2 AVvalves; the tricuspid so named because of it has 3 cusps, divides the Right atriumfrom the Right ventricle. The bicuspid or mitral valve on the other hand dividesthe left atrium from the left ventricle. The semilunar valves- the pulmonic andaortic valves are named according to the vessels they’re located in.The blood supply of the heart is given by the right and left main coronaryarteries.

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