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Butowski P, Jun-2013. Sukhoi Su-35 - Russia’s Supplementary Fighter, Air International Vol. 84 No. 6

Butowski P, Jun-2013. Sukhoi Su-35 - Russia’s Supplementary Fighter, Air International Vol. 84 No. 6

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Published by: Foro Militar General on Jun 16, 2013
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Su-35-2 ‘902’ made its maiden flight from Komsomolsk-on-Amuron October 2, 2008.
Sukhoi via Piotr Butowski 
xternally, the differencesbetween the two fightersare small: the Su-35’stailfins are shorter thanthe Su-27’s (while therudders are wider) and the ‘sting’protruding between the enginenozzles is smaller. The largeaerodynamic brake on the Su-27is absent on the new aircraft,which uses differential deflectionof the rudders to lose speed. Andthe Su-35’s nose landing gear hastwo wheels instead of one.Everything inside the new jethas been changed, however.Power is provided by a pair of thrust-vectoring AL-41F1S(Izdeliye 117S) turbofans, eachcapable of producing 142.2kN(31,967lb) of thrust with reheat, anincrease of 16% over the Su-27.The new fighter is equipped witha TA14-130-35 auxiliary power unit to meet the demands of itsancillary systems. New structuralmaterials have been used in itsconstruction, while fuel capacity –at 11,500kg (25,353lb) – is morethan 22% more than the Su-27’sInside the cockpit the pilot hasan electronic flight informationsystem with two 380 x 290mm (15x 11.5in) MFI-35 multifunctionaldisplays plus three smaller screens and a wide-angle IKSh-1M head-up display. The Su-35also introduces a quadruple-redundant digital fly-by-wiresystem. The oxygen supply for the pilot in the Su-35 is providedby an on-board generator, whichnegates the need to refill thecanisters after each flight. Sukhoihas implemented ‘on-conditionmaintenance’ for many systems,rather than replacement at theend of notional life limits, toimprove serviceability.
Better Radar and ECM
Significant improvements havealso been introduced to thesensors carried by the Su-35. Theaircraft’s main targeting system isthe Sh135 radiolocation system,which consists of the N135Irbis radar and the Khibiny-Melectronic countermeasures (ECM)suite. The N135 Irbis (SnowLeopard) was developed by theZhukovsky-based V V TikhomirovNauchno-IssledovatelskyInstitut Priborostroyeniya (V VTikhomirov Scientific ResearchInstitute of Instrument Design)outside Moscow and seriesproduction is ongoing at theGosudarstvenny RiazanskyPriborny Zavod (GRPZ, StateInstrument-Making Enterprise) in
The Sukhoi Su-35 fighter will make its air show debut outside Russiaat Le Bourget in Paris during June. While the Su-35 is externally similar to the older Su-27, as Piotr Butowski reveals, its improved weapons and sensors make it a very different aircraft 
Russia’s Supplementary
Ryazan, in the Ryazan Oblast. Itis a development of the N011MBars radar installed in the Su-30MKI designed for the Indian Air Force and, like its predecessor, ithas a passive electronic-scanningarray. Irbis uses some of themodules of the Bars, including thecontrol clock, low- and ultra-highfrequency receivers and master oscillator. The original Indiancomputing systems in the Barshave been replaced by Russianunits. A Solo-35.01 undertakesinitial signal processing whilea Solo-35.02 completes dataprocessing and radar controlinstead of the Indian RC1 and RC2used in the Bars.In comparison to Bars, Irbisuses a wider range of operationalfrequencies (improving resistanceto jamming), has a greater angular search zone of up to +/-125°,longer range and greater targetresolution. It is capable monitoringup to 30 air targets in track-while-scan mode, eight of which canbe quasi-continually traced withsufficient accuracy to simultaneouslyengage them with medium-rangeactive-radar air-to-air missiles. Twotargets can be attacked at the sametime with semi-active radar missiles,which require the radar to illuminatethe target.In air-to-ground mode the radar can engage four surface targets.Average output power is 5kW,while peak output is 20kW. Thisgives the radar the capability in‘long-range detection’ mode(limited to a 100° x 100° sector)to detect a fighter-sized targetfrom up to 350-400km (217-249miles) in a head-on engagement,or 150km (93 miles) with thetarget tail-on to the sensor.During normal search operations(covering a sector of 300° x 300°)it can detect, head-on, fightersfrom 200km (124 miles) in clear air (ie, without ground clutter) or 170km (106 miles) in look-downmode. Irbis can also classifythe target (as large, medium or small; and by type, for example,as a helicopter, cruise missile or fighter), comparing the radar returns to a built-in target library.The Khibiny-M ECM suiteis produced by the KaluzhskyNauchno-IssledovatelskyRadiotekhnichesky Institut (KNIRTI,Kaluga Scientific Research RadioTechnical Institute) of Zhukovnear Kaluga in the KalugaOblast. The suite comprisesa reconnaissance system,detecting radiation from airborneand anti-aircraft radars, and acountermeasures component.
Part o the Khibiny-M dealing withthe most popular high-requencywavebands used (bands H and J)is built into the airrame. Whenrequired, pods can be added tothe Su-35’s wingtips that enhancethe system’s capabilities in themedium wavebands (E to G). TheSu-35 also has two 14-round UV-50 decoys dispensers mounted onthe rear uselage ‘sting’.
PassiveDetection Systems
The OLS-35 inrared search andtrack (IRST) unit or the Su-35was designed by the Nauchno-Proizvodstvennaya KorporatsiyaSistemy PretsizionnogoPriborostroeniya (NPK SPP,Scientifc and ProductionCorporation Precision InstrumentsSystems) o Moscow. This is adeparture or Sukhoi, which hasrelied on UOMZ (Ural Optical andMechanical Plant) o Yekaterinburgin the Sverdlovsk Oblast toprovide IRSTs or its other fghters,including the T-50 PerspektivnyAviatsionny Kompleks FrontovoyAviatsii (PAK FA, ‘ProspectiveAirborne Complex or FrontlineAviation’) currently under development.The OLS-35 has inrared-imaging and electro-optiocal (EO)cameras using a common opticalblock, as well as a laser rangefnder and target designator. Mountedon the nose o the Su-35, it scans+/-90° range in azimuth and-15/+60° in elevation. An airbornetarget the size o a Su-30 can bedetected rom 90km (56 miles)tail-on, or 35km (22 miles) head-on.The OLS-35 can track our aerialtargets simultaneously without anyemissions that could alert themthat they have been detected. Thepilot o the Su-35 will also have ahelmet-mounted sight, althoughthe type has yet to be revealed.NPK SPP also produces anair-to-ground targeting podor the Su-35, equipped withEO, inrared-imaging and laser channels as well as a laser spotdetector, which enables the pilotto guide his aircrat’s weapons onto targets illuminated by a thirdparty. The pod can track our ground targets simultaneously.The Su-35 is equipped withan improved sel-deence sensor suite, also made by NPK SPP. Theinrared missile approach warningsystem has six sensors locatedon the ront uselage to provideall-round coverage. It can register the launch o a man-portable anti-aircrat missile rom a distance o 10km (6 miles), an air-to-air missilerom 30km (19 miles) and a largesurace-to-air missile rom 50km (31miles). Two laser warning sensorsare located on the sides o theront uselage; they detect laser rangefnders tracking the aircratrom up to 30km (19 miles) away.The Su-35’s radar warningreceiver is the L150-35 Pastelsystem made by the CKBACompany in Omsk in the OmskOblast, which is used by allcontemporary Russian combataircrat. The L150 also providestarget co-ordinates or anti-radiation missiles.
Increased Lethality
The Su-35 will be cleared tocarry all types o tactical aerialmissiles currently in the Russianinventory or due to enter service.A guided missile was fred or the frst time by the Su-35S onJuly 27, 2012. While no detailswere released, it is probably anair-to-air missile in the R-73 (AA-11
) short-range or R-77(AA-12
) medium-rangeclasses. New types o air-to-air weapons currently enteringproduction in Russia includethe medium-range R-77-1 andshort-range R-74M missiles;subsequent versions known asthe K-77M and K-74M2 are beingdesigned. It is understood thatthe Su-35 will also be compatiblewith the K-37M long-rangemissile currently undergoing trials.Arming the Su-35 with super-long-range Novator K-100 missiles– with which the aircrat has beendisplayed – is not planned andwork on this weapon has sincebeen abandoned.Among air-to-surace weaponsthat can be carried are Kh-31PM
The inrared missile approach warning (MAW) sensor covering the upper ront sector is positioned on top o theaircrat’s nose (right) beside the OLS-35 electro-optical search-and-track sensor (let).
One o the radar warningreceiver sensors or the L150-35 system.
The MAW sensor covering the upper at sector is positioned behind thecockpit canopy.
Laser warning sensors (let) are located on the sides o the ront uselage close to the side sectorMAW (right).
Two MAW sensors ftted to the orward and at uselage underside cover the lower sector.
Topdown view o the OLS-35 sensor.
Su-35 ‘07’ was handed over to the Russian Air Force in late December 2012.
8 & 9
The Su-35 can be armed with the Kh-35U anti-shipping missile.
All images Piot Butowski unless noted 

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