type at the Aviastar-SP acility.The new version received theproject designation Product 476and Ilyushin assigned the new in-service designation Il-76MD-90Abeore its maiden ight. Themain improvements included anew, two-spar wing, Kupol-III-76M(A) digital avionics, an eight-screen KSEIS glass cockpit, SAU-1T-2B digital autopilot, BPSN-2satellite navigation system andTA-12A auxiliary power unit(APU), while the distinctive rear gun turret o the earlier
was deleted. Compared to arecently produced ‘classic’ Il-76MD built by TAPOiCH, around70% o the onboard avionics andequipment in the Il-76MD-90Aare new.The Aviadvigatel PS-90A-76turboan was selected to power the modernised aircrat. Theengine had already been provenon two production-standard Il-76variants – the stretched-uselageIl-76MF military transport and thecivilian-certifcated Il-76TD-90– as well as on a re-engined Il-76MD used or developmentaltrials. The new uel-efcientengine oers around 10% lower uel consumption and a rangeextended by 18% to 5,000km(2,700nm) with a 52-tonnepayload. The more powerul PS-90A-76 also brought signifcantimprovements in airfeldperormance, reducing thetake-o run to 1,600m (5,280t).Il-76MD-90As can operate rompaved and unpaved runwayslocated at up to 3,000m (9,840t)above sea level in high ambienttemperatures.New digital three-dimensionaldesign processes introducedby Aviastar-SP also enabledthe introduction o a number o uselage and system alterationsin a bid to save weight, simpliyproduction and maintenanceand reduce direct operatingcosts. Improvements to reducethe aircrat’s empty weightincluded removing the acility todetach the wings on the ground,making them lighter – which, incombination with strengtheningo the undercarriage, allowed or a maximum payload increase rom40 to 60 tonnes and maximumtake-o weight (MTOW) increaserom 190 to 210 tonnes (418,000to 463,000lb) compared to theIl-76MD.The Il-76MD-90A has,however, retained the principaloperational capabilities o itspredecessors – being able todeliver military cargoes, troopsor vehicles to austere and shortpaved or unpaved airstripsin extreme environmentalconditions where no groundsupport or navigational aids areavailable. The new
cantake o rom an unpaved runway(capable o bearing loads o upto 2.3lb/sq t [7kg/cm
]) within1,800m (5,940t) while carrying a30-tonne (66,100lb) payload.The airrame design eaturesextensive high-lit devices, arugged landing gear, a newAPU and sophisticated onboardcargo handling equipment.Airrame design lie is 30 years,30,000 ight hours and 10,000landings. The cargo hold can beconverted or a variety o specialmissions within one-and-a-hal to two hours. Confgurationsinclude accommodation or up to 225 troops on twodecks; casualty evacuation andprovision o medical treatment(including surgical procedures)while in ight; or being set up tofght fres as a water bomber.
The design and developmentprogramme or the Il-76MD-90A
Aviadvigatel’s PS-90A-76 turboanengine was selected to power theIl-76MD-90A and oers around10% lower uel consumptioncompared to the original PS-90-76version.
The rst Il-76MD-90ARA-78650 made its maiden fight onSeptember 22, 2012, at Ulyanovsk- Vostochnii aireld.
The Il-76MD-90A eatures an eight-screen KSEIScockpit.
The fight-test crew o thr IL-76MD-90A ater the type’smaiden fight at Ulyanovsk onSeptember 22, 2012
All imagesAlexander Mladenov