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Grob TV

Grob TV

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Published by Joanna Fabricante

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Published by: Joanna Fabricante on Jun 17, 2013
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03/23/2014

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Chapter 1
 
 Applications of Television
1-1a. A picture tube is similar to a
loudspeaker.
b. The two Baseband signals are
video and audio.
 c.
Video signals
have a higher frequency compared to audio signals.1-2a. The vidicon is a
camera tube.
b. The chroma subcarrier signal frequency is
3.58 MHz.
 c. The frequency in TV channel 2 broadcast is
54-60 MHz.
 d. The maximum beam current in the picture tube is for 
white
in the picture.1-3What are the abbreviations for the following types of equipment?a. Special-effects generator.
SEG
b. Studio-transmitter link.
STL
 c. Electronic newsgathering.
ENG
 1-4a. Rotating heads increase the writing speed for video recording.
T
b. The type C video recorder produces two slanted tracks on the tape for each picture field.
T
 1-5a. TV channel receiver set for cable input in a 36-channel system is
3,4 or 6.
 b. The head end feed the
trunk.
 c. The line drop is at the
subscriber branch.
1-6a.
Facsimile
is an example of slow-scan TV.
 
b. Facsimile pictures generate low video frequency, compared with those for TV broadcasting.
T
 c. An infrared vidicon camera tube can show difference of temperature in the scene.
T
 1-7a. The channel 3 signal is a
modulated RF signal.
b. The maximum RF signal at the antenna input terminals from a video game is
3 mV.
1-8c. A modern unit has two functions: modulation and demodulation.
T
d. The ASCII code uses 128 combinations of7 bits for alphanumeric information.
T
 1-9a. The Flyback high voltage depends on
horizontal scanning.
b. AFC is used for 
horizontal synchronization.
 c. Channel 14 is a
UHF channel.
 
Chapter 2
The Television Picture
2-1a. One picture element is a
pixel.
b. A still picture has many pixels,
T
 c. The
position
of a picture element is important in the reproduction.2-2a. How many complete picture frames are scanned in 1 sec?
30
 b. How many scanning lines are there In one frame?
525
 2-3a. Motion is shown by a rapid succession of still pictures.
T
b.
Flicker 
results when the screen is made alternately bright and dark.
 
2-4a. How many scanning fields are there in one picture frame?
2
b. How many fields are scanned in one second?
60
2-5a. What is the horizontal scanning frequency in hertz?
15750 Hz.
b. What is the time for scanning one horizontal line in one second?
63.5
s.
c. What is the vertical field-scanning frequency, in hertz?
60 Hz.
2-6a. What is the frequency of horizontal synchronizing pulses for every line, in hertz?
15,750 Hz.
b. What is the frequency of vertical synchronizing pulses for every field?
60 Hz
2-7a. The
 Y luminance
is for black-and-white picture information.b. The chrominance signal for color is
3.58 MHz.
 
 
c. The
chrominance
signal includes red, green, and blue picture information.2-8a. More video signal increases the
contrast.
 b. The average screen illumination is its
brightness.
 2-9a. What is the width of TV broadcast channel?
6 MHz
b. What is the intercarrier sound frequency?
4.5 MHz
c. What is the maximum frequency deviation for the FM sound signal?
25 kHz
2-10a. What is the aspect ration for a TV picture?
4:3
b. The picture carrier signal is
AM.
c. The sound carrier signal is
FMChapter 3
Television Cameras
3-1a. The lens
inverts
the optical image on the faceplate of the camera tube.b. The
composite video signal
includes the camera signal, signal and blanking.c. The standard composite video signal from a camera is
1 Vp-p
with negative sync.3-2a. The diameter of the vidicon image plate is about
2/3, 1 or 1.2 inch.
 b. The plumbicon camera tube uses a
lead-oxide
target plate.3-3a. The signal variations are produced by the
target plate.
b. The photoconductive layer have
less resistance
with increasing light.c. The dark current is checked when the lens cap is
on.
 d. Image lag is a problem of the
target plate.
 3-4a. The target of the Saticon is
not
constructed in the same way as that of the Plumbicon.b. The use of 
bias lighting
in Saticon reduces the image lag.3-5a. The typical target voltage is
more than 50 V.
b.
Beam alignment
is similar to centering of the electron beam.
 
3-6a.
Dichroic mirrors
are more efficient than optical filters for separating red, green, and blue light.b.
Dynamic Shading
corrects for optical effects in the light splitter.c.
Static shading
corrects for non-uniform dark currents.d.
White balance
is necessary for color cameras.3-7a. The gamma required for the camera tube is
0.4545.
b. Gamma correction is more important for 
color TV.
c. White is
stretched
by the picture tube.
 
3-8a. The horizontal scanning with and the linearity affect the color video signal in
single-tube color pick-up.
3-9a. The SEG can also be used as s
production switcher.
b. CVBS means
composite video, burst and sync.
c. Commercial movie film is run at
24 film frames per second
for TV.
 
d.
Gen-Lock
is used to synchronize multiple cameras.
 
3-10a. A low
stop rating allow
more
light.b. The depth-of-field is improved with a
higher 
 
stop.c. To how many lux units is the illumination of 3 fc approximately equal?
30
 
Chapter 4
Picture Tubes
4-1a. What is the diagonal screen size for 19CP4 picture tube?
19
b. To what deflection angle does a maximum deflection angle of 45
either side of center correspond?
90
c. The usual heater voltage for picture tubes is
6.3V.
 
4-2a. Typical anode voltage for a 25-in color picture tube is
30 kV.
b. Typical anode capacitance is
2000 pF.
4-3a. The phosphor numbers for monochrome is
P4
and for color picture tubes is
P22.
 b.
Aluminized tubes
do not need an ion-trap.c. What is the color of the P1 phosphor?
Green
 4-4a.
Control Grid
is the most negative electron gun.b.
Ultor or Anode
is the most positive electron gun.c. Most of the electrons in the beam flow out of the
anode
terminal.4-5a. The crossover point for focusing is formed by the
first electron lens.
b. A G3 voltage of 200V is used for 
low-voltage focus method.
c. For most color picture tubes, the G3 focus voltage is an
adjustable
value of several kilovolts.
 
4-6a. The small magnets embedded in the yoke housing correct for 
pincushion distortion.
b. The coils above and below the electron are for 
H scanning.
c. Two permanent-magnet rigs just behind the yoke are used for centering the beam in
monochromereceivers.
d. Neck shadow result when the deflection yoke is
too far back.
4-7a. Separation of the beams for the red, green and blue colors is accomplished by the
shadow mask.
 b.
In-line guns
are easier than the delta guns in making the convergence adjustments.4-8a. A shadow mask has about
300,000
holes.b. The holes in the shadow mask is conical in shape to
prevent secondary emission.
 4-9a. Ambient room lighting makes black on the screen appear 
lighter.
b.
Opaque phosphor 
masking improves contrast by making black appear darker.
 
4-10a. A TV projection picture shows
less
detail than the image on a direct-view picture tube.b. The typical anode voltage for projection tubes is
30 to 80 kV.
 4-11a. When a picture tube is being discharged, the ground end of the clip lead should be connected
first.
b.
Hold-down circuits
limit the amount of color saturation.
 
4-12a.
Weak emission from the cathode of the electron gun
causes saturation limiting, with the pictureappearing silvery gray where it should appear white.b. No picture, with a bright, blank raster and no control of brightness, may indicate a
short circuit betweenthe cathode and the control grid
in the picture tube.
 
c. A yellowish brown monochrome picture slowly balancing to a neutral gray scale indicates
weak emissionin the blue gun.Chapter 5
Set up Adjustments for the Color Picture Tubes
5-1a. The color purity magnet serves as a
centering magnet.
 b. The color purity and beam landing adjustments are the
same.
 c. The color purity is adjusted for the raster, one color at a time.
T
 5-2a. Degaussing should be done
before
the color purity adjustments.b. The degaussing is done
60 Hz ac.
 c. The ADG circuit have a
high
current when the receiver is first turned on.5-3a. A solid red raster is a check for 
good color purity.
b. Small white dots in the picture are used for 
convergence adjustments.
c. Color fringing on the edges of the picture is a sign o
misconvergence.
5-4a. Static convergence is done for the
center 
of the screen.b. Permanent magnets are used for 
static convergence.
 5-5

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