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Table Of Contents

Acknowledgements
1.1 GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION
1.2 ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF CYPRINIDS
FURTHER READING
2.1 WATER: THE CONTROLLING FACTOR
2.2 BASIC EXTERNAL ANATOMY
2.3 BASIC INTERNAL ANATOMY
2.3.1 Skeletal and muscular systems
2.3.2 Digestive system
2.3.3 Excretory system
2.3.4 Reproductive system and life cycle
2.3.5 Endocrine system
2.3.6 Nervous and sensory systems
2.3.7 Cardiovascular system and blood
2.3.8 Immune system
3.1 BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS OF DISEASE
3.2 GENERAL EXTERNAL VISUAL SIGNS
3.2.1 Colour changes
3.2.2 Skeletal deformities
3.2.3 Abdominal swellings
3.2.4 Emaciation
3.2.5 Abnormal swimming activity
3.3 INTERNAL SIGNS OF DISEASE
3.3.1 The digestive tract
3.3.3 The pancreas
3.3.4 The kidney
3.3.5 The gonads
3.3.6 The thyroid gland
3.3.7 Skeletal or bony tissues
3.3.8 Smooth muscle tissues
3.3.9 The striated or skeletal muscle
3.3.10 The swimbladder
3.3.11 The heart
3.3.12 Blood vessels and cells
3.3.13 The spleen
3.3.15 The brain
3.3.16 The spinal cord
3.3.17 Peripheral nerves
3.3.18 The eye
3.3.19 The olfactory organ
3.3.20 The lateral line system
3.3.21 Taste buds
3.3.22 The barbels
Chapter 4 Infectious Diseases – Viruses, Bacteria and Fungi
4.1 VIRAL PATHOGENS AND DISEASES
4.1.1 Spring viraemia of carp (SVC)
4.1.2 Grass carp haemorrhagic disease (GCHD)
4.1.4 Emerging viral diseases
4.2 BACTERIAL PATHOGENS AND DISEASES
4.2.1 Flexibacter
4.2.2 Aeromonads and pseudomonads
4.2.3 Mycobacteriosis
4.2.4 Edwardsiella spp
4.2.5 Proteus rettgeri
4.2.6 Emerging bacterial pathogens
4.3 FUNGAL PATHOGENS AND DISEASES
4.3.1 Clinical signs and diagnosis
4.3.2 Prevention and control
4.4.1 Bacterial zoonoses
4.4.2 Viral and fungal zoonoses
Chapter 5 Infectious Diseases – Parasites
5.1 PROTOZOAN PARASITES AND DISEASES
5.1.1 Mastigophora (flagellates)
5.1.2 Rhizopoda (amoebae)
5.1.3 Ciliophora (ciliates)
5.1.4 Apicomplexa
5.1.5 Myxozoa (Myxosporea)
5.1.6 Microspora (Microsporidia)
5.1.7 Protozoan parasites of uncertain taxonomy
5.3 DIGENEAN FLUKES (TREMATODES)
5.3.1 Digenean flukes with fish as the definitive host
5.4 CESTODES (THE TAPEWORMS)
5.4.1 Cyprinids as definitive hosts
5.4.2 Cyprinids as intermediate hosts
5.6 ACANTHOCEPHALANS (SPINY HEADED WORMS)
5.6.1 Pomphorhynchus laevis
5.7 MOLLUSCA (GLOCHIDIA)
5.8 ANNELID WORMS (LEECHES)
5.9.1 Argulus foliaceus
5.9.2 Ergasilus sieboldi
5.9.3 Lernaea cyprinacea
5.10.1 Trematodes
5.10.2 Nematodes
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
6.2.4 Injuries caused by species other than fish
6.3 INJURIES CAUSED BY HUMAN ACTIVITIES
6.3.1 Aquaculture practices
6.3.3 Scientific research
6.5 COMMON DISEASE PROBLEMS
6.5.1 Swimbladder disorders
6.5.2 Noninfectious dropsy
6.6.1 Hybridisation
6.7.2 Squamous cell carcinoma
6.7.3 Adenoma of the thyroid
6.7.4 Adenoma of the kidney
6.7.5 Nonhaemopoietic mesenchymal tumours
6.7.6 Haematopoietic tumours
6.7.7 Pigment cell tumours
6.7.8 Nervous tissue tumours
6.7.9 Miscellaneous tumours
6.8 LONGEVITY AND SENILE-RELATED DISEASES
7.3 WATER TEMPERATURE
7.3.1 High temperatures
7.3.2 Low temperatures
7.4 DISSOLVED GASES
7.4.2 Gas supersaturation
7.5.1 Excessively low pH
7.5.2 Excessively high pH
7.5.3 Adjusting pH
7.6 NITROGENOUS WASTES
7.7 OTHER POLLUTANTS
7.7.1 Heavy metals
7.7.2 Pesticides
7.7.3 Endocrine disrupting chemicals
7.8 ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSORS AND DISEASE
8.1 NATURAL FOODS
8.3 NUTRITION RELATED DISEASES
8.3.1 Vitamin deficiency disorders
8.3.2 Amino acid deficiencies
8.3.3 Mineral deficiencies
8.3.4 Fatty acid imbalances
8.5 NUTRITIONAL TOXICITY DISORDERS
8.5.1 Mycotoxins
8.6.1 Winter bait foods
9.1.1 Infertile eggs
9.1.2 Hatching failure in fertile eggs
9.1.3 Infectious diseases
9.1.4 Parental care as a means of reducing egg infections
9.1.5 Parental care and increased egg survival
9.2.1 Immunity and infectious diseases
9.2.2 Gas bubble disease
9.3 PREDATION OF EGGS AND FRY
10.1 INTRODUCTION TO SITE MANAGEMENT
10.1.1 Prevention
10.1.2 Husbandry
10.1.3 Therapeutic measures
10.2 TRADE ORGANISATIONS AND OTHER BODIES
11.1 RAPID DIAGNOSTIC METHODS
11.1.1 Antibody detection assays
11.1.2 Antigen detection assays
11.1.3 Genetic screening technology
11.2 VACCINE DEVELOPMENT
11.3 TRENDS IN CHEMOTHERAPY
11.4 FUTURE DISEASE RISKS
Chapter 12 Laboratory Procedures in Disease Diagnosis and Control
12.1 EXAMINATION ON SITE
12.2 SUBMITTING A SAMPLE TO THE LABORATORY
12.3 INITIAL EXAMINATION
12.4 EUTHANASIA
12.5 DETAILED EXTERNAL EXAMINATION
12.5.1 External bacteriology sampling
12.6 BLOOD SAMPLING
12.7 DETAILED INTERNAL EXAMINATION
12.7.1 Heart removal and examination
12.7.2 Internal bacteriology sampling
12.7.3 Visceral organs
12.7.4 Intestine
12.7.5 Gills
12.7.6 Eyes and nasal cavity
12.10 POST MORTEM EQUIPMENT
Fish Names Cited in Text
Glossary of Terms
P. 1
Diseases of Carp and Other Cyprinid Fishes

Diseases of Carp and Other Cyprinid Fishes

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Published by Wiley
Cyprinids rank as one of the most commercially important groups offreshwater fishes and are exploited for many purposes; as a humanfood source, especially in Europe and Asia; as sport fish; and asornamental fish for ponds and aquaria. Certain species are alsocultured as bait fish and several of the small cyprinids such asthe zebra fish have become internationally accepted laboratorymodels for toxicology testing and molecular research. A thoroughunderstanding of cyprinid health and diseases is fundamental to thesuccessful management and exploitation of these fishes forfreshwater fisheries, pisciculture and ornamental productions.

This practical guide to disease diagnosis, prevention andcontrol includes numerous colour plates and covers a comprehensivearray of diseases - infectious and non-infectious - of cultivatedand wild cyprinids.

Cyprinids rank as one of the most commercially important groups offreshwater fishes and are exploited for many purposes; as a humanfood source, especially in Europe and Asia; as sport fish; and asornamental fish for ponds and aquaria. Certain species are alsocultured as bait fish and several of the small cyprinids such asthe zebra fish have become internationally accepted laboratorymodels for toxicology testing and molecular research. A thoroughunderstanding of cyprinid health and diseases is fundamental to thesuccessful management and exploitation of these fishes forfreshwater fisheries, pisciculture and ornamental productions.

This practical guide to disease diagnosis, prevention andcontrol includes numerous colour plates and covers a comprehensivearray of diseases - infectious and non-infectious - of cultivatedand wild cyprinids.

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Publish date: Apr 15, 2008
Added to Scribd: Jun 17, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780470999745
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