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Review Questions 2

Review Questions 2

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Published by fancpants
AP psychology review questions
AP psychology review questions

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Published by: fancpants on May 01, 2009
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02/01/2013

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1.1.A distribution in which 68% of the scores fall with one standard deviation from the mean andA distribution in which 68% of the scores fall with one standard deviation from the mean and 99.7% fall within three standard deviations from the mean is called:99.7% fall within three standard deviations from the mean is called:2.2.A sample not representative of the population from which it is selected is:A sample not representative of the population from which it is selected is:3.3.According to Freud, a partial or complete halt at some point in an individual’s psychosexualAccording to Freud, a partial or complete halt at some point in an individual’s psychosexual development defines:development defines:4.4.According to Freud, the social and parental standards the individual has internalized compriseAccording to Freud, the social and parental standards the individual has internalized comprise the:the:5.5.Alicia insists her boyfriend’s accident was a result of his carelessness. What type of attribution isAlicia insists her boyfriend’s accident was a result of his carelessness. What type of attribution is she making?she making?6.6.Depression which can be helped by biomedical therapies may utilize Prozac, which restores theDepression which can be helped by biomedical therapies may utilize Prozac, which restores the chemicals norepinephrine and ___, both of which are abnormally low in depressive patients.chemicals norepinephrine and ___, both of which are abnormally low in depressive patients.7.7.Ebbinghaus’ famous “forgetting or retention curve” showed that most memory loss occurs howEbbinghaus’ famous “forgetting or retention curve” showed that most memory loss occurs how long after memorizing information?long after memorizing information?8.8.Electroconvulsive therapy is rarely used today, but it can provide short-term relief from a severeElectroconvulsive therapy is rarely used today, but it can provide short-term relief from a severe cause of what mental disorder?cause of what mental disorder?9.9.Electronically recording, amplifying, and displaying information regarding subtle physiologicalElectronically recording, amplifying, and displaying information regarding subtle physiological responses is called:responses is called:10.10.Fournier’s research on syphilis provided the basis for finding the cause of mental illnessFournier’s research on syphilis provided the basis for finding the cause of mental illness according to which theoretical perspective?according to which theoretical perspective?11.11.Hilgard’s term for the divided state of consciousness indicated during hypnosis is:Hilgard’s term for the divided state of consciousness indicated during hypnosis is:12.12.How much can short term memory hold?How much can short term memory hold?13.13.Hull’s theory of motivation states that behavior is largely due to the body’s effort to satisfy a need.Hull’s theory of motivation states that behavior is largely due to the body’s effort to satisfy a need. Name this theoryName this theory14.14.If you accept and love another person regardless of his/her behavior, you are giving what CarlIf you accept and love another person regardless of his/her behavior, you are giving what Carl Rogers calls:Rogers calls:15.15.In laboratory experiments, merely observing someone receive painful electric shocks leadsIn laboratory experiments, merely observing someone receive painful electric shocks leads viewers to think that the victim deserved it. This reaction is best explained in terms of viewers to think that the victim deserved it. This reaction is best explained in terms of 16.16.In which measure of central tendency would the buyer for a shoe store be most interested whenIn which measure of central tendency would the buyer for a shoe store be most interested when seeking to re-stock the store’s shelves?seeking to re-stock the store’s shelves?17.17.Incentives are seen as motivation most frequently by psychologists working from which of theIncentives are seen as motivation most frequently by psychologists working from which of the major psychological perspectives?major psychological perspectives?18.18.Memory can be influenced by mood as evidenced by the fact that recall is better if the person is inMemory can be influenced by mood as evidenced by the fact that recall is better if the person is in the same mood as when the information was originally stored. This phenomenon is calledthe same mood as when the information was originally stored. This phenomenon is called19.19.Name the category of physical disorders in which stress appears to be causally implicated.Name the category of physical disorders in which stress appears to be causally implicated.20.20.Psychologists find that some people are physiologically as well as emotionally more responsive toPsychologists find that some people are physiologically as well as emotionally more responsive to the sight and smell of food. What term is used to refer to these people?the sight and smell of food. What term is used to refer to these people?21.21.REM sleep is sometimes called ____ sleep because the body is asleep and cannot move butREM sleep is sometimes called ____ sleep because the body is asleep and cannot move but internally is as active as if it was awake.internally is as active as if it was awake.22.22.Seligman’s research attributes clinical depression, at least in part, to a stable, global, andSeligman’s research attributes clinical depression, at least in part, to a stable, global, and internalized explanatory style. Which perspective for explaining depression does Seligman’sinternalized explanatory style. Which perspective for explaining depression does Seligman’s work support?work support?23.23.The fact that we remember the first and last items on a list of items best and tend to forget theThe fact that we remember the first and last items on a list of items best and tend to forget the middle is called themiddle is called the24.24.The fact that when a number of people observe an emergency, they are less likely to help thanThe fact that when a number of people observe an emergency, they are less likely to help than when a single person observes the same emergency illustrates the:when a single person observes the same emergency illustrates the:25.25.The macrophage and lymphocytes are major elements of what bodily system?The macrophage and lymphocytes are major elements of what bodily system?
 
26.26.The presence of observers improves a person’s performance on easy tasks. What concept isThe presence of observers improves a person’s performance on easy tasks. What concept is being described?being described?27.27.The tendency for observers to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate theThe tendency for observers to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the impact of personal disposition upon another person’s behavior is called theimpact of personal disposition upon another person’s behavior is called the28.28.The three successive phases of the General Adaptation Syndrome are:The three successive phases of the General Adaptation Syndrome are:29.29.The tug of the eye muscles closest to the nose that we experience as we look at something veryThe tug of the eye muscles closest to the nose that we experience as we look at something very close to our face helps the brain determine the distance of the object. This is a binocular cueclose to our face helps the brain determine the distance of the object. This is a binocular cue calledcalled30.30.Today’s trend in therapy is to use several different therapies in the treatment of a patient. ThisToday’s trend in therapy is to use several different therapies in the treatment of a patient. This “mixed-bag” approach is better known as the“mixed-bag” approach is better known as the31.31.What brain area is most closely linked to aggression?What brain area is most closely linked to aggression?32.32.What brain area is most closely linked to breathing and heart beat?What brain area is most closely linked to breathing and heart beat?33.33.What do we call the weight toward which one’s body returns throughout life?What do we call the weight toward which one’s body returns throughout life?34.34.What illness is associated with the deterioration of the myelin sheath?What illness is associated with the deterioration of the myelin sheath?35.35.What is Selye’s (sell-yay) names for an event which threatens or challenges us?What is Selye’s (sell-yay) names for an event which threatens or challenges us?36.36.What is the type of counterconditioning in which an unpleasant feeling is associated with aWhat is the type of counterconditioning in which an unpleasant feeling is associated with a behavior that the therapist is trying to eliminate?behavior that the therapist is trying to eliminate?37.37.What kind of distribution has the scores clustered at one end or the other?What kind of distribution has the scores clustered at one end or the other?38.38.What kind of sample most fairly represents a population as each member has an equal chance of What kind of sample most fairly represents a population as each member has an equal chance of  inclusion?inclusion?39.39.What nervous system is utilized by the hypothalamus to send its messages when a person isWhat nervous system is utilized by the hypothalamus to send its messages when a person is under stress?under stress?40.40.What perspective is supported by the growing evidence that schizophrenia is a disease of theWhat perspective is supported by the growing evidence that schizophrenia is a disease of the brain?brain?41.41.What term describes the belief that very tall men usually marry very short women?What term describes the belief that very tall men usually marry very short women?42.42.What theory best describes motivation as an effort to maintain agreement between one’sWhat theory best describes motivation as an effort to maintain agreement between one’s thoughts and behavior?thoughts and behavior?43.43.What type of reinforcement strengthens a response by removing aversive stimuli?What type of reinforcement strengthens a response by removing aversive stimuli?44.44.Which dissociative disorder is most frequently associated with a background of severe childhoodWhich dissociative disorder is most frequently associated with a background of severe childhood abuse?abuse?45.45.Which is the most effective form of encoding to remember something for the longest time?Which is the most effective form of encoding to remember something for the longest time?46.46.Which stage of sleep appears to be the most physically restorative?Which stage of sleep appears to be the most physically restorative?47.47.Which theory of emotion proposes that emotion and physical arousal occur simultaneously?Which theory of emotion proposes that emotion and physical arousal occur simultaneously?48.48.Which theory of motivation is illustrated by the Yerkes-Dodson law?Which theory of motivation is illustrated by the Yerkes-Dodson law?49.49.Who believed that people are motivated by the wish to fulfill different levels of needs?Who believed that people are motivated by the wish to fulfill different levels of needs?50.50.Who was the contemporary behavioral theorist who elaborated on the concept of observationalWho was the contemporary behavioral theorist who elaborated on the concept of observational learning?learning?
 
1.7 PLUS OR MINUS 2 BITS OFINFORMATION2.ALARM, RESISTANCE,EXHAUSTION3.AMYGDALA4.AROUSAL THEORY5.AVERSIVE CONDITIONING6.BANDURA7.BEHAVIORAL OR LEARNINGPERSPECTIVE8.BIASED9.BIOFEEDBACK10.BIOLOGICAL OR MEDICAL11.BYSTANDER EFFECT12.CANNON-BARD13.COGNITIVE DISSONANCE ORCOGNITIVE CONSISTENCY14.COGNITIVE OR SOCIAL-COGNITIVE15.CONVERGENCE16.DEPRESSION17.DID (DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITYDISORDER) OR MPD (MULTIPLEPERSONALITY DISORDER18.DISPOSITIONAL OR PERSONAL19.DRIVE REDUCTION20.ECLECTIC APPROACH21.EXTERNALS22.FIXATION23.FUNDAMENTAL ATTRIBUTIONERROR24.HIDDEN OBSERVER25.ILLUSORY CORRELATION26.IMMEDIATELY27.IMMUNE SYSTEM28.JUST-WORLD PHENOMENON29.MASLOW30.MEDICAL OR BIOLOGICAL ORBIOMEDICAL31.Medulla32.MODE33.MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS34.NEGATIVE35.NORMAL DISTRIBUTION36.PARADOXICAL37.PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL38.RANDOM39.SEMANTIC40.SERIAL POSITION EFFECT41.SEROTONIN42.SET POINT43.SKEWED DISTRIBUTION44.SOCIAL FACILITATION45.STAGE 446.STATE DEPENDENT MEMORY48.SUPEREGO49.SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM50.UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVEREGARD

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