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Fixed Point Theorems for Random Variables in Complete Metric Spaces

Fixed Point Theorems for Random Variables in Complete Metric Spaces

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Published by Alexander Decker
International peer-reviewed academic journals call for papers, http://www.iiste.org/Journals
International peer-reviewed academic journals call for papers, http://www.iiste.org/Journals

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Published by: Alexander Decker on Jun 17, 2013
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Mathematical Theory and Modelingwww.iiste.org ISSN 2224-5804 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0522 (Online)Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications
70
Fixed Point Theorems for Random Variables in Complete MetricSpaces
Deepak Singh KaushalAbstract
In this paper we prove some fixed point theorem for random variables with one and two self maps satisfyingrational inequality in complete metric spaces
 Keywords:
Random fixed point,Complete metric space, Common fixed points.
Mathematics Subject Classification:
47H10
1.INTRODUCTION
Many theorems of fixed point have been proved using rational inequality in ordinary metric space. Some of thenoteworthy contributions are by Bhardwaj, Rajput and Yadava [3], Jaggi and Das[9], Das and Gupta[5] Fisher [7,8] who obtained some fixed point theorems using rational inequality in complete metric spaces.Random fixed point theory has received much attention in recent years.Some of the recent results in randomfixed points have been proved by Beg and Shahzad [1, 2], Choudhary and Ray [4], Dhagat, Sharma andBhardwaj [6]. In particular random iteration schemes leading to random fixed point of randomoperator.Throughout this paper 
( )
,
denotes a measurable space, (X,d) be a complete metric space and C isnon empty subset of X.
2.PRELIMINARIESDefinition 2.1:
A function
:
 f C
×
is said to be random operator, if 
( )
 X  f  
:,.
is measurablefor every
.
 X 
 
Definition 2.2:
A function
:
 f
is said to be measurable if 
( )
 B f  
'
for every Borel subset Bof X.
Definition 2.3:
A measurable function
 g 
:
is said to be random fixed point of the random operator 
 f  
×
:
, if 
( )( ) ( )
.,,
=
 g  g  f  
 
Definition 2.4:
A random operator 
 f  
×
:
is said to be continuous if for fixed
( )
 f  
×
:,.,
is continuous.
3.MAIN RESULTSTheorem3.1:
Let E be a self mapping on a complete metric space
( )
,
 X
satisfying the condition
( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )
(),(,()).(),(,())(,()),(,())(),()(),(,()).(),(,())(),()(),(,())(),(,())(),()
d g E g d h E hd E g E hd g hd g E h d h E g d g hd g E g d h E hd g h
ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ α ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ  β ξ ξ γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ η ξ ξ 
++ ++
 For all
(),()
h
ξ ξ 
with
()()
h
ξ ξ 
,where
,,,,0
α β γ δ η 
>
and
1
α β γ δ η 
+ + + + >
and
1
α γ 
+ <
and E is onto.Then E has a fixed point in
.
 X 
 
Proof:-
Let
0
().
 X 
ξ 
Since E is onto there is an element
1
()
 g 
ξ 
satisfying
110
()(,())
 g E
ξ ξ ξ 
By thesame way we can choose
11
()(,())
n n
 g E
ξ ξ ξ 
where
2,3,4,...
n
=
 If 
1
()()
m m
 g
ξ ξ 
=
for some
m
then
()
m
 g 
ξ 
is a fixed point of E.
 
Mathematical Theory and Modelingwww.iiste.org ISSN 2224-5804 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0522 (Online)Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications
71Without loss of generality we can suppose that
1
()()
n n
 g
ξ ξ 
=
,for every
.
n
 So
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )
1111111111
(),()(,()),(,())(),(,()).(),(,())(),()(),(,()).(),(,())(),()(),(,())(),(,())(),
n n n nn n n nn nn n n nn nn n n nn
d g g d E g E d g E g d g E d g d g E g d g E d g d g E g d g E d
ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ α ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ  β ξ ξ γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ η ξ 
++ +++ +++ +
=++ ++
( )
1
()
n
 g 
ξ 
+
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )( )( )( )
1111
1(),()(),()1(),()(),()
n n n nn n n n
d g g d g d g g d g
α γ ξ ξ δ η ξ ξ α γ ξ ξ ξ ξ δ η 
++
+ +++
 It follows that
( ) ( )
11
(),()(),()
n n n n
d g g kd g
ξ ξ ξ ξ 
+
where
( )( )
11.
α γ δ η 
+= <+
 By routine calculation the following inequality holds for 
.
 p n
>
 
( )
( )
1
(),()(),()
n n p n i n i
d g g d g
ξ ξ ξ ξ 
+ + +
 
( )( )
10101
(),()(),()1
n in
k d g d g
ξ ξ ξ ξ 
+
  Now making
n
we obtain
( )
(),()0
n n p
d g
ξ ξ 
+
 Hence
{ }
()
n
 g 
ξ 
is a Cauchy sequence. Since
 X 
is complete
{ }
()
n
 g 
ξ 
converges to
()
 g 
ξ 
,for some
().
 g
ξ 
Since E is onto then there exists
()
h
ξ 
such that
1
()(,())
h E
ξ ξ ξ 
and for infinitely many
,()()
n
n g
ξ ξ 
for such
.
n
 
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )
1111111111
(),()(,()),(,())(),(,()).(),(,())(),()(),(,()).(),(,())(),()(),(,())(),(,())(),()
n nn nnn nnn nn
d g g d E g E hd g E g d h E hd g hd g E h d h E d g hd g E g d h E hd g h
ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ α ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ  β ξ ξ γ ξ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ ξ η ξ ξ 
++ +++ +++ ++
=++ ++
 
 
Mathematical Theory and Modelingwww.iiste.org ISSN 2224-5804 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0522 (Online)Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications
72
( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )( ) ( )( )
111111
(),().(),()(),()(),().(),()(),()(),())(),())(),()
n nnn nnn nn
d g g d h d g hd g g d h d g hd g g d h d g h
ξ ξ ξ ξ α ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ  β ξ ξ γ ξ ξ δ ξ ξ η ξ ξ 
++++++
++ ++
 On taking limit as
n
we have
( ) ( )
1
0(),()lim(),()
n n
d h g d g h
δ ξ ξ η ξ ξ 
→∞ +
+
 Since
( )
,0,So(),()0
d g h
δ η ξ ξ 
> =
 and
( )
1
lim(),()0
n n
d g h
ξ ξ 
→∞ +
=
 So in both cases we get
()()
 g h
ξ ξ 
=
.Thus E has a fixed point in
.
 X 
 
Theorem 3.2:
Let E be a self mapping on a complete metric sapce
( )
,
 X
satisfying the condition
( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )( )
(,()),(,())(),(,()).(),(,())(),(,()).(),(,()),(),()(),(,()).(),(,())(),(,()).(),(,())min,(),()(),(,()),(),(,
d E g E hd g E g d h E h d g E h d h E d g hd g E h d h E g d h E h d h E hd g hd h E h d g E g 
ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ α ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ 
++
( ) ( )
()),(),()
d g h
ξ ξ ξ 
 For all
(),()
h
ξ ξ 
with
()()
h
ξ ξ 
, where
1
α 
>
and E is onto. Then E has a fixed point in
.
 X 
 
Proof:-
Let
0
().
 X 
ξ 
Since E is onto there is an element
1
()
 g 
ξ 
satisfying
110
()(,())
 g E
ξ ξ ξ 
By thesame way we can choose
11
()(,())
n n
 g E
ξ ξ ξ 
where
2,3,4,...
n
=
 If 
1
()()
m m
 g
ξ ξ 
=
for some
m
then
()
m
 g 
ξ 
is a fixed point of E.Without loss of generality we can suppose that
1
()()
n n
 g
ξ ξ 
=
for every
.
n
 So
( ) ( )
11
(),()(,()),(,())
n n n n
d g g d E g E
ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ 
+
=
 
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )( )( ) ( ) ( )( )( )
1111121111111
(),(,()).(),(,())(),(,()).(),(,()),(),()(),(,()).(),(,())(),(,())min,(),()(),(,())
n n n n n n n nnn n n n n nn nn n
d g E g d g E g d g E g d g E d g d g E g d g E g d g E d g d g E
ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ α ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ 
+ + + +++ + + +++ +
++
( ) ( )
1
,(),(,()),(),()
n n n n
d g E g d g
ξ ξ ξ ξ ξ 
+
 

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