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Fixed Points Theorem on a Pair of Random Generalized Non-Linear Contractions

Fixed Points Theorem on a Pair of Random Generalized Non-Linear Contractions

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Published by Alexander Decker
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Published by: Alexander Decker on Jun 17, 2013
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Mathematical Theory and Modelingwww.iiste.org ISSN 2224-5804 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0522 (Online)Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications
326
Fixed Points Theorem on A Pair of Random Generalized Non-Linear Contractions
R.N.YadavaDirector, Patel Group Of Institutions Bhopal (M.P.), India(dryadava@gmail.com)Rajesh ShrivastavaDepartment of MathematicsGovt Science & commerce college Benazir, Bhopal(M.P.), India(Rajeshraju0101@rediffmail.com)S.K.PandeyDepartment of MathematicsMillennium Group of Institutions Bhopal(M.P.), India(Sudeeppandey1976@gmail.com)
ABSTRACT
A fixed point theorem for a pair of random generalized non-linear contraction mappings involving four points of the space under consideration is proven. It is shown that this result includes the result of Lee and Padgett [1].Also an application of the result is given.
Key words :
Complete probability measure space,
δ
-algebras, Borel subsets, random operator, separable Banachspace, upper semi-continuous functions. Bochner integral,
Mathematics Subject classification:
Primary 60H
99
, 47H10, and Secondary 60H 20.1.
 
Introduction and preliminaries
The idea of fixed points plays a very important role in solving deterministic operator equations. Recently theidea of random fixed point theorems which are the stochastic generalization of the classical fixed point theoremshas become a very important part of the theory of some operator equations which can be regarded as randomoperator equations. Many interesting results have been established by various authors (see for example Bharucha – Reid [2], Hans [3], Padgett [4], Tsokos [5], Tsokas and padgett [6], Lee and padgett [7] in this area.Recently, a fixed point theorem for a pair of generalized non-linear contraction mappings involving four  points of the space under consideration, which includes many well known results as special cases has beenestablished by Achari [8] (see also Achari [9], Pittanuer [10]).The object of this paper is to study a stochastic version of a pair of generalized non-linear contractionmappings of Achari [8]. Also it has been shown that this result generalizes the result of Lee and Padgett [1]. It isinteresting to note that with suitable modification of the conditions of the theorem, we can easily obtainstochastic generalizations of the results of different classical fixed points. Finally, we apply theorem 2 to provethe existence of a solution in a Banach space of a random non-linear integral equation of the formx (t; w) = h (t; w) +
s
k (t, s; w)
ƒ
(s, x (s; w) d,
µ
(s) ...... (1.1)where s is a locally compact metric space with metric d defined on S X S,
µ
is a complete
δ
-finite measuredefined on the collection of Borel subsets of S and the integral is a Bochner integral.In this section, we state some definitions as used by Lee and padgett [1]. Let (
, S. P) be complete probabilitymeasure space, and Let (X,
β
) and (Y, C) be two measurable spaces, where X and Y are Banach spaces and Band C are
δ
-algebras of Borel subsets of X and Y, respectively. First, we state the usual definitions of a Banachspace-valued random variable and of a random operator.
Definition 1.1 :
A function V :
 
X is said to be an X – valued random variable (Random element in X, or generalized random variable)if {
ω
 
 
: v (w)
B}
S for each B
 
β
.
Definition 1.2 :
A mapping T (w) :
x X
Y is said to be a random operator if y (w) = T (w) x is a Y-valuedrandom variable for every x
ε
X.
Definition 1.3 :
Any X-valued random variable x (w) which satisfies the condition.P ( { W : T (w) x (w) – y (w) } ) = 1is said to be a random solution of the random operator equationT (w) x = y (w).
Definition 1.4 :
Let y
 j
(w), j = 1, 2, ........, n be second order real valued random variables on a probability space(
, S, P), that is y
 j
(w)
L
2
(
, S, P). The collection of all n-component random vectors y' (w) = (y
1
(w), ....., y
n
(w)) constitutes a linear vector space if all equivalent random vectors are identified. Define the norm of y by
 
Mathematical Theory and Modelingwww.iiste.org ISSN 2224-5804 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0522 (Online)Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications
327
( )
½||||||||||
2max12max12
<<<<
==
dp y y y
 jn j L jn jn L
 The space of all n-component random vectors y with second order components and norm given by
n2L
||.||
aboveis separable Banach space and will be denoted by
n2
L
(
, s, p) or 
n2
L
. Let S be locally compact metric spacewith metric d defined on S X S and let
µ
be a complete
δ
-finite measure defined on the Borel subsets of S.
 Definition 1.5
: We define the space C (S,
n2
L
(
, s, p)) to be the space of all continuous functions from S into
n2
L
(
, s, p) with the topology of uniform convergence on compacta. It may be noted that C (S,
n2
L
(
, s, p)) islocally convex space whose topology is defined by a countable family of saminorms given by – || x (t; w) ||
 j
=
 j
ctsup
|| x (t; w)
n2L
||
, j = 1, 2, ......
Definition 1.6 :
Let B and D be Banach spaces. The pair (B, D) is said to be admissible with respect to a randomoperator U (w) if U (w) (B)
D.
Definition 1.7 :
A random operator T (w) on a Banach space x with domain D (T(w)) is said to be a randomgeneralized nonlinear contraction if there exists non-negative real-valued upper semi-continuous functions
Ψ
i
 (w), i=1, 2, ......, 7. Satisfying
Ψ
i
(w) (r) <
7
for r > 0,
Ψ
i
(w) (0) and such that|| T (w) x
1
– T (w) x
2
|| <
Ψ
1
(||x
1
-x
2
||) +
Ψ
2
(||x
1
– T(w)x
1
||)+
Ψ
3
(||x
2
-T(w)x
2
||) +
Ψ
4
(||x
1
-T (w)x
2
||)+
Ψ
5
(||x
2
-T (w)x
1
||)+
Ψ
6
[||x
1
-T (w) x
1
||) + (||x
1
-T(w)x
2
||)]1+[x
1
-T(w)x
1
||) (||x
1
-T(w)x
2
||)]+
Ψ
7
[||x
2
-T (w) x
2
||) + (||x
2
-T(w)x
1
||)]1+[x
2
-T(w)x
2
||) (||x
2
-T(w)x
1
||)]For all x
1
, x
2
 
D (T (w)
2.Main resultsA fixed point theorem for a pair of random generalized non-linear contraction.Theorem 2.1 :-
suppose A
1
(w) and A
2
(w) are a pair of random operators from a separable banach space x intoitself such that||A
1
(w) x
1
-A
2
(w) x
2
||<
Ψ
1
(||x
1
-x
2
||) +
Ψ
2
(||x
1
-A
1
(w)x
3
||) +
Ψ
3
(||x
2
-A
2
(w) x
4
||+
Ψ
4
(||x
1
-A
2
(w)x
4
||) +
Ψ
5
(||x
2
-A
1
(w) x
3
||)+
Ψ
6
 
||)])((||||)([(||1 ||)])((||||))([(||
421311 421311
 xw A x xw A x  xw A x xw A x
++
 +
Ψ
7
 
||)]x)w(Ax(||||x)w(Ax[(||1 ||)]x)w(Ax(||||)x)w(Ax[(||
312422 312422
++
............(2.1) Where
Ψ
i
(w), i = 1, 2, ........... 7, are non-negative real-valued upper semi-continuous functionssatisfying
Ψ
i
(w) (r)
,7
<
for r > 0,
Ψ
i
= 0 (w) (o) and for all x
1
, x
2
, x
3
, x
4
 
X. Then there exists an x – valuedrandom variable
η
(w) which is the unique common fixed point of A
1
(w) and A
2
(w).Proof : Let x, y
x and we define.x
1
= A
2
(w)y, x
2
= A
1
(w) x, x
3
= x, x
4
= yThen (2.1) takes the form||A
1
(w) A
2
(w) y – A
2
(w) A
1
(w) x ||<
Ψ
1
A
1
(w) x - A
2
(w) y ||)+
Ψ
2
(|| A
1
(w) x – A
2
(w) y ||)+
Ψ
3
(||A
1
(w) x – A
2
(w) y ||)+
Ψ
4
(||A
2
(w) y – A
2
(w) y||)+
Ψ
5
(||A
1
(w) x – A
1
(w) x ||)+
Ψ
6
 
||)]y)w(Ay)w(A[(||||]y)w(Ax)w(A[(||1 ||)]y)w(Ay)w(A(||||)y)w(2Ax)w(A[(||
2121 221
++
 
 
Mathematical Theory and Modelingwww.iiste.org ISSN 2224-5804 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0522 (Online)Vol.3, No.6, 2013-Selected from International Conference on Recent Trends in Applied Sciences with Engineering Applications
328+
Ψ
7
 
||)]x)w(Ax)w(A[(||||]y)w(Ax)w(A[(||1 ||)]x)w(Ax)w(A(||||)y)w(Ax)w(A[(||
1121 1121
++
 <
Ψ
1
(||A
1
(w) x–A
2
(w)y|| +
Ψ
2
[||A
1
(w) x – A
2
(w) y ||)+
Ψ
3
(|| A
1
(w) x - A
2
(w) y||)+
Ψ
6
(||A
1
(w) x - A
2
(w) y ||)
 
+
Ψ
7
(||A
1
(w) x- A
2
(w) y ||) ..... (2.2)Let x
0
X be arbitrary and construct a sequence {x
n
) defined byA
1
(w) x
n-1
= x
n
, A
2
(w) x
n
= x
n+1
, A
1
(w) x
n+1
= x
n+2
, n=1,2....Let us put x = x
n-1
and y = x
n
in (2.2), then we haveA
1
(w) A
2
(w) x
n
-A
2
(w) A
1
(w) x
n-1
||<
Ψ
1
(||A
1
(w) x
n-1
-A
2
(w) x
n
||)+
Ψ
2
(||A
1
(w) x
n-1
- A
2
(w) x
n
||+
Ψ
3
(||A
1
(w) x
n-1
- A
2
(w) x
n
||)+
Ψ
6
(||A
1
(w) x
n-1
- A
2
(w) x
n
||+
Ψ
7
(||A
1
(w) x
n-1
- A
2
(w) x
n
||)or ||x
n+2
– x
n+1
|| <
Ψ
1
(||x
n
– x
n+1
||) +
Ψ
2
(||x
n
-x
n+1
||)+
Ψ
3
(||x
n
-x
n+1
||) +
Ψ
2
(||x
n
-x
n+1
||)+
Ψ
7
(||x
n
– x
n+1
||) ...... (2.3)We take n to be even and set
α
n
= ||x
n-1
– x
n
||.Then
α
n+2
= || x
n+1
– x
n+2
||<
Ψ
1
(||x
n
-x
n+1
||) +
Ψ
2
(||x
n
-x
n+1
)|| +
Ψ
3
(||x
n
– x
n+1
) ||+
Ψ
6
(|| x
n
-x
n+1
||)+
Ψ
7
(||x
n
– x
n+1
||)<
Ψ
1
(
α
n+1
) +
Ψ
2
(
α
n+1
) +
Ψ
3
(
α
n+1
)+
Ψ
6
(
α
n+1
) +
Ψ
7
(
α
n+1
) ......... (2.4)From (2.4) it is clear 
α
n
decrease with n and hence
α
n
 
 
α
as n
 
.Let
α
> 0. Then since
Ψ
1
is upper semi-continuous, we obtain in thelimit as n
 
 
α
 
<
 
Ψ
1
(
α
) +
Ψ
2
(
α
) +
Ψ
3
(
α
) +
Ψ
6
(
α
) +
Ψ
7
(
α
) <
α
75
 which is impossible unless
α
= 0 Now, we shall show that {x
n
} is a cauchy sequence. If not, then there is an
> 0 and for all positive integers K,there exist {m (k)} and {n (k)}with m (k) > n (k)
>
k, such thatd
= ||x
m(k)
– x
n(k)
|| >
, .......... (2.5)We may assume that - ||x
m(k)-1 – 
x
n(k)
|| <
  by choosing m (k) to be the smallest number exceeding n (k) for which (2.5) holds. Then we haved
< || x
m(k)
– x
m(k)-1
|| + ||x
m(k)-1
 – x
n(k)
||<
α
m(k)
+
<
α
+
 which implies that d
 
 
as k 
 
. Now the following cases are to be considered.(i) m is even and n is odd,(ii) m and n are both odd,(iii) m is odd and n is even,(iv) m and n are both eveni.e. (i) :d
= ||x
m
-x
n
|| < ||x
m
– x
m+1|
|+||x
m+1
– x
n+1
|| + || x
n
-x
n+1
||<
α
n+1
+
α
n+1
+ ||A
1
(w) x
m
– A
2
(w) x
n
||By putting x
1
= x
n
, x
2
= x
m
, x
3
= x
n-1
, x
4
= x
m-1
in (2.1), we have<
α
m+1
+
α
n+1
+
Ψ
1
(||x
m
-x
n
||) +
Ψ
2
(||x
n
-A
1
(w) x
n-1
||)+
Ψ
3
(||x
m
-A
2
(w) x
m-1
||) +
Ψ
4
(|| x
n
-A
2
(w) x
m-1
||)+
Ψ
5
(||x
m
-A
1
(w) x
n-1
||)+
Ψ
6
 
||)]x)w(Ax[(||||)]x)w(Ax[(||1 ||)x)w(Ax||||)x)w(Ax[(||
1m2n1n1n 1m2n1n1n
++
 +
Ψ
7
||)])([(||||)])([(||1 ||))((||||))([(||
1112 1112
++
nmmm nmmm
 xw A x xw A x  xw A x xw A x
 

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