OCTOBER TERM, 2012Syllabus
NOTE: Where it is feasible, a syllabus (headnote) will be released, as isbeing done in connection with this case, at the time the opinion is issued.The syllabus constitutes no part of the opinion of the Court but has beenprepared by the Reporter of Decisions for the convenience of the reader.See
Detroit Timber & Lumber Co.,
200 U. S. 321, 337.
SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES
. INTER TRIBAL COUNCIL OF
CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FORTHE NINTH CIRCUITNo. 12–71. Argued March 18, 2013—Decided June 17, 2013The National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA) requires States to“accept and use” a uniform federal form to register voters for federalelections. 42 U. S. C. §1973gg–4(a)(1). That “Federal Form,” devel-oped by the federal Election Assistance Commission (EAC), requiresonly that an applicant aver, under penalty of perjury, that he is a cit-izen. Arizona law, however, requires voter-registration officials to“reject” any application for registration, including a Federal Form,that is not accompanied by documentary evidence of citizenship. Re-spondents, a group of individual Arizona residents and a group of nonprofit organizations, sought to enjoin that Arizona law. Ultimate-ly, the District Court granted Arizona summary judgment on re-spondents’ claim that the NVRA pre-empts Arizona’s requirement.The Ninth Circuit affirmed in part but reversed as relevant here,holding that the state law’s documentary-proof-of-citizenship re-quirement is pre-empted by the NVRA.
: Arizona’s evidence-of-citizenship requirement, as applied to Fed-eral Form applicants, is pre-empted by the NVRA’s mandate thatStates “accept and use” the Federal Form. Pp. 4–18.(a) The Elections Clause imposes on States the duty to prescribethe time, place, and manner of electing Representatives and Sena-tors, but it confers on Congress the power to alter those regulationsor supplant them altogether. See
U. S. Term Limits, Inc.
, 514 U. S. 779, 804–805. This Court has said that theterms “Times, Places, and Manner” “embrace authority to provide acomplete code for congressional elections,” including regulations re-lating to “registration.”
, 285 U. S. 355, 366. Pp. 4–6.(b) Because “accept and use” are words “that can have more than