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Petroleum Coke: The Coal Hiding In The Tar Sands

Petroleum Coke: The Coal Hiding In The Tar Sands

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Published by Stephen Boyle
An assessment of Petroleum Coke by Oil Change International. Produced January 2013.

Researched and written by Lorne Stockman with contributions from David Turnbull and Stephen Kretzmann.
An assessment of Petroleum Coke by Oil Change International. Produced January 2013.

Researched and written by Lorne Stockman with contributions from David Turnbull and Stephen Kretzmann.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Stephen Boyle on Jun 17, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/13/2013

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Pol Cok:
h l hg h r SS
January 2013
 
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Researched and written by Lorne Stockmanwith contributions from David Turnbull and Stephen KretzmannWe would like to thank Deborah Gordon, Kenny Bruno,Anthony Swift, and Barry Saxifrage for their time andeffort in reviewing and commenting on the text.Design: paul@hellopaul.comCover photo: Fort McMurray, Alberta. 2007. Steam rising fromthe Syncrude upgrading site, where Tar Sands is convertedinto synthetic crude oil, and petroleum coke is manufactured.This upgrading site is among the biggest of its kind in the world.©Jonas Bendiksen/Magnum PhotosPublished by Oil Change InternationalWashington DC, USAJanuary 2013www.priceofoil.org© All rights reserved
 
xecutive Summary 4Intrductin 6
The Hidden Coal In Canada’s Oil Boom 6
It’s Bitumen, And Bitumen Is Different 8re Carbn In, re Carbn out 11he Carbn lgic 12
The Coal Hiding In The Tar Sands 14The Keystone XL Pipeline: Fueling Five Coal Plants 16
he ise of Nrth American Petce 18 
Petcoke In Canada
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anadian onsumption f Petcoke 21anadian Petcoke xpots e gowin 21
Petce In he nited States 24 
Tar Sands Growth Drives U.S. Coker Build 26The Coker: How Petcoke Is Formed In A Renery 27Tweaking The Yields: The Path To Petcoke 28
 
Maximization f Petcoke Yied 30iminatin e Petcoke Yied 30e Bitumen renin Subsidy 31
sing Petce As Fue 32 
Petcoke As Fuel: Many Disadvantages One Overwhelming Advantage 32
 
eap Petcoke Means Bi Savins Fo oa Pants 34ew Petcoke Suppy n e Midwest oud hep Sustain Stuin oa Pants 34ew Petcoke Powe Pants: e las Bisas (Petcoke) ney ente 37
easuring he Impact of Petce 35 
Life-Cycle Analysis 39More Supply, Lower Prices, More Consumption. 40
Cncusin 42
List of Tables and Figures
Fiue 1: e spectum of fossi fues, tei cabon content and vaue. 8Fiue 2: anadian ta sands pojects vs.  scenaios. 13Fiue 3: Keystone Xl eneies ae amon te biest petcoke factoies in te wod 17Fiue 4: e owt in petcoke poduction capacity at U.S. eneies. 24Fiue 5: gowt in te pecentae of petcoke poduction capacity in U.S. eney yied. 25Fiue 6: U.S. petcoke expots. 25Fiue 7: ypica intemediay poduct yieds fom diffeent density ois. 28abe 1: 
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and eney vaues fo petcoke and coa. 9abe 2: e diffeence in P avity, density and cabon content between it oi and bitumen. 11abe 3: anadian bitumen eseves, embedded 2 and petcoke yied. 14abe 4: Petcoke poduction capacity at Keystone Xl eneies. 17abe 5: anadian petcoke poduction fom upades sot tons. 22abe 6: anadian petcoke expots sot tons. 22abe 7: U.S. coke expansions 2008-2013. 26abe 8: e economics of bendin petcoke wit coa. 34 weits in tis epot ae in pounds and sot tons uness otewise stated.
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