perfect as their heavenly father is perfect; while others naturallymanifest and are drawn to being loving, or productive, or unique,or wise, or faithful, or playful, or strong, or harmonious.The Enneagram paradigm sorts the characteristics of Divinity intonine clusters. This is a convention of the system and doesn’timply it is the only way of thinking about God and certainly doesn’tintend to tell God this is the only way she, he, it, or they canappear. For example, other paradigms prefer to conceptualizeGod in terms of three or four or ninety-nine.From a psychological phenomenological point of view, humannature shows up in different ways of being in the world withdiffering worldviews and accompanying ways of experiencing,perceiving, understanding, evaluating, and responding to theworld.From the Enneagram perspective, these differing ways of livingcan be grouped into nine lifestyles, again with the disclaimer thatother systems might prefer to sort people into five types or eighttypes or sixteen types or no types.In the 1920’s Eduard Spranger wrote a book Types of Men (1928)expressing his view that people are best understood through thestudy of their values. Forty years later Gordon Allport, the father of personality psychology, proposed that our personal values are thebasis of our philosophy of life. Using Spranger’s list of six values,Allport, Vernon, and Lindzey (1960) constructed a Study of Valuesinventory. Spranger’s types are remarkably similar to sixEnneatypes. His Social Person is like the Enneagram’s Style Two;his Economic Person mimics Style Three; the Aesthetic Personresonates with Style Four; the Theoretical Person resemblesStyle Five; the Political Person sounds like Style Eight; and hisReligious Person blends into Style Nine. Spranger didn’t catalogthe Enneagram’s One, Six, and Seven styles, thus missing out ondedication, security, and fun!