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Legends of the Gods

Legends of the Gods

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Published by: 2thirdsworld on May 02, 2009
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The Project Gutenberg EBook of Legends Of The Gods, by E. A. Wallis Budge#3 in our series by E. A. Wallis BudgeCopyright laws are changing all over the world. Be sure to check thecopyright laws for your country before downloading or redistributingthis or any other Project Gutenberg eBook.This header should be the first thing seen when viewing this ProjectGutenberg file. Please do not remove it. Do not change or edit theheader without written permission.Please read the "legal small print," and other information about theeBook and Project Gutenberg at the bottom of this file. Included isimportant information about your specific rights and restrictions inhow the file may be used. You can also find out about how to make adonation to Project Gutenberg, and how to get involved.**Welcome To The World of Free Plain Vanilla Electronic Texts****eBooks Readable By Both Humans and By Computers, Since 1971*******These eBooks Were Prepared By Thousands of Volunteers!*****Title: Legends Of The GodsThe Egyptian Texts, edited with TranslationsAuthor: E. A. Wallis BudgeRelease Date: December, 2005 [EBook #9411][Yes, we are more than one year ahead of schedule][This file was first posted on September 30, 2003]Edition: 10Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-8859-1*** START OF THE PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK LEGENDS OF THE GODS ***Produced by John B. Hare and Carrie R. LorenzLEGENDS OF THE GODSThe Egyptian Texts, edited with Translationsby E. A. Wallis BudgeLondon, 1912
 
[Editorial note: Throughout the text "####" represents images whichcannot be transcribed.]PREFACEThe welcome which has been accorded to the volumes of this Series, andthe fact that some of them have passed into second and third editions,suggest that these little books have been found useful by beginners inEgyptology and others. Hitherto the object of them has been to supplyinformation about the Religion, Magic, Language, and History of theancient Egyptians, and to provide editions of the original texts fromwhich such information was derived. There are, however, many branchesof Egyptology which need treatment in a similar manner in this Series,and it has been suggested in many quarters that the time has nowarrived when the publication of a series of groups of textsillustrating Egyptian Literature in general might well be begun.Seeing that nothing is known about the authors of Egyptian works, noteven their names, it is impossible to write a History of EgyptianLiterature in the ordinary sense of the word. The only thing to bedone is to print the actual works in the best and most complete formpossible, with translations, and then to put them in the hands of thereader and leave them to his judgment.With this object in view, it has been decided to publish in the Seriesseveral volumes which shall be devoted to the reproduction inhieroglyphic type of the best and most typical examples of the variouskinds of Egyptian Literature, with English translations, on a muchlarger scale than was possible in my "First Steps in Egyptian" or in my"Egyptian Reading Book." These volumes are intended to serve a doublepurpose, i.e., to supply the beginner in Egyptian with new material anda series of reading books, and to provide the general reader withtranslations of Egyptian works in a handy form.The Egyptian texts, whether the originals be written in hieroglyphic orhieratic characters, are here printed in hieroglyphic type, and arearranged with English translations, page for page. They are printed asthey are written in the original documents, i.e., the words are notdivided. The beginner will find the practice of dividing the words forhimself most useful in acquiring facility of reading and understandingthe language. The translations are as literal as can reasonably beexpected, and, as a whole, I believe that they mean what the originalwriters intended to say. In the case of passages where the text iscorrupt, and readings are mixed, or where very rare words occur, orwhere words are omitted, the renderings given claim to be nothing morethan suggestions as to their meanings. It must be remembered that theexact meanings of many Egyptian words have still to be ascertained, andthat the ancient Egyptian scribes were as much puzzled as we are bysome of the texts which they copied, and that owing to carelessness,ignorance, or weariness, or all three, they made blunders which themodern student is unable to correct. In the Introduction will be found
 
brief descriptions of the contents of the Egyptian texts, in whichtheir general bearing and importance are indicated, and referencesgiven to authoritative editions of texts and translations.E. A. WALLIS BUDGE.BRITISH MUSEUM,November 17,1911.CONTENTSCHAPTERI. THE LEGEND OF THE CREATIONII. THE LEGEND OF THE DESTRUCTION OF MANKINDIII. THE LEGEND OF RA AND THE SNAKE-BITEIV. THE LEGEND OF HORUS OF EDFU AND THE WINGED DISKV. THE LEGEND OF THE ORIGIN OF HORUSVI. A LEGEND OF KHENSU NEFER-HETEP AND THE PRINCESS OF BEKHTENVII. THE LEGEND OF KHNEMU AND A SEVEN YEARS' FAMINEVIII. THE LEGEND OF THE DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF HORUSIX. THE LEGEND OF ISIS AND OSIRIS ACCORDING TO CLASSICAL WRITERSLIST OF PLATES AND ILLUSTRATIONS ON OR FOLLOWING PAGE:The History of CreationI. Horus holding the Hippopotamus-fiend with chain and spearII. Horus spearing the Hippopotamus-fiend

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