be fronts" for the Revolutionary Guard and Iran's intelligence service, known as VEVAK,the Islamic revolutionary successor to the Shah's SAVAK. [
, 12/31/96] At a timewhen there is evidence of increased willingness by pro-Iranian Islamic militants to targetAmerican assets abroad -- as illustrated by the June 1996 car-bombing at the KhobarTowers in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, that killed 19 American airmen, in which the Iraniangovernment or pro-Iranian terrorist organizations are suspected ["U.S. Focuses BombProbe on Iran, Saudi Dissident,"
, 11/4/96] -- it is irresponsible in theextreme for the Clinton Administration to gloss over the extent to which its policies haveput American personnel in an increasingly vulnerable position while performing anincreasingly questionable mission.
Three Key Issues for Examination
This paper will examine the Clinton policy of giving the green light to Iranian armsshipments to the Bosnian Muslims, with serious implications for the safety of U.S. troopsdeployed there. (In addition, RPC will release a general analysis of the SFOR mission andthe Clinton Administration's request for supplemental appropriations to fund it in the nearfuture.) Specifically, the balance of this paper will examine in detail the three issuessummarized below:
1. The Clinton Green Light to Iranian Arms Shipments
(page 3): In April 1994,President Clinton gave the government of Croatia what has been described byCongressional committees as a "green light" for shipments of weapons from Iran andother Muslim countries to the Muslim-led government of Bosnia. The policy wasapproved at the urging of NSC chief Anthony Lake and the U.S. ambassador to CroatiaPeter Galbraith. The CIA and the Departments of State and Defense were kept in the dark until after the decision was made.
2. The Militant Islamic Network
(page 5): Along with the weapons, IranianRevolutionary Guards and VEVAK intelligence operatives entered Bosnia in largenumbers, along with thousands of
("holy warriors") from across the Muslimworld. Also engaged in the effort were several other Muslim countries (including Brunei,Malaysia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Turkey) and a number of radical Muslimorganizations. For example, the role of one Sudan-based "humanitarian organization,"called the Third World Relief Agency, has been well-documented. The ClintonAdministration's "hands-on" involvement with the Islamic network's arms pipelineincluded inspections of missiles from Iran by U.S. government officials.
3. The Radical Islamic Character of the Sarajevo Regime
(page 8): Underlying theClinton Administration's misguided green light policy is a complete misreading of itsmain beneficiary, the Bosnian Muslim government of Alija Izetbegovic. Rather than beingthe tolerant, multiethnic democratic government it pretends to be, there is clear evidence
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