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Khutbah Family Values and Duties Towards Parents in Islam

Khutbah Family Values and Duties Towards Parents in Islam

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Published by Saeed Ahmed Shaikh

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Published by: Saeed Ahmed Shaikh on May 02, 2009
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Subject of the Khutbah:Family Values and Duties towards Parents in IslamPART I
Say: AAWW.Sit down facing congregation.Listen to Adhaan.Stand up facing congregation.(Silently say): A’udhoo… and Basmallh...Start Part I of the khutbah.------------------------------------------------------------
Al-hamdu Lillaahi nasta’eenahu wa nastaghfiruhu, wa na’oodhu billaahi min shuroori anfusinaa wa sayi’aati a’maalinaa.Man yahdih Illaahu falaa mudilla lahu wa man yudlil falaa haadiya lahu.Wa ashhadu an laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa rasooluhu.---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yaa ayyuha’lladheena aamanu-ttaqu’Llaaha haqqa tuqaatihi wa laatamootunna illaa wa antum muslimoon.---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yaa ayyuha’n-naas uttaqu rabbakum alladhi khalaqakummin nafsin waahidatin wa khalaqa minhaa zawjahaa wa baththaminhumaa rijaalan katheeran wa nisaa’an wa’ttaqu-Llaah alladhi tasaa’aloona bihi wa’l-arhaama inna Allaaha kaana ‘alaykum raqeeban.---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Yaa ayyahu’lladheena aamanu-ttaqu’Llaaha wa qooloo qawlan sadeedan.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Ammaa Baad.-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Say loudly: A’udhoo… and BasmallhNow start with the Qur’anic aayaah(t) relevant to the topic of the khutbaah.
“Innallah ya’a muru, bil adli, wal ihsaan;wa ee ta’ee dhil qurbaa;wa yanhaa anil fahshaa’ee, wal munkaree wal bagh’yi;ya ee dhukum la-allakum tadhak-karoon.”
Dear brothers and sisters in Islam, AAWW.The last verse that I just recited is verse # 90 from Chapter #16, Al-Nahl, TheBee, of the Holy Qur’an; and let’s see its closet meaning:“God commands justice,
the doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin
,andHe forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion:He instructs you, thatye may receive admonition.”
The key words that I want to emphasize today are:“ma’ruf, ihsaan, and wa eeta’ee dhil qurbaa.”Ma’ruf means known, generally that is good. Ihsaan means the “doing of the good,and ee ta’ee dhil qurbaa means liberality to kith and kin;in other words – the family values.So Inshaa’Allah, God willing, the topic of today’s khutbah that is sermon is:“Family Values and Duties towards Parents inIslam.”
First: Duties towards Parents
As human beings, we have different duties.Some duties are towards our personal needs while some other duties are towards others.For example, wehave duties towards our family, our relatives, our neighbors, etc.We also haveduties towards our environment, our country and our world.Above all, there isduty towards Allaah, our Creator – it is part of our spiritual duty.Similarly we haveduties towards our parents.Doing good or being nice to our parents is a very important duty in Islam.It is soimportant that
this duty is placed next to worshipping God Himself.
Why didour Holy Book Qur’an emphasize so much about respecting our parents?Let ustry to understand.You will be surprised to know that there are more verses in the Qur’an talkingabout duties towards parents than verses about parents’ duties towards children.The reason is clear.It is natural for all parents to love their children.No matter how old or how young the children are, parents love their childrenunconditionally.The parental love never decreases. However, many a times,children’s love towards their parents decreases as they grow up with changinginterests and shifting allegiances.The love towards parents changes to lovetowards their wives and their own children. 
The Qur’an wants us to remember that some priorities should never change.
One of those priorities is our duty towards our parents.Let us talk about the status of parents in Islam.
In Islam, the children areasked to show respect to parents.The Qur’an has beautifully explained thispoint. At number of places, Allah, the Most Exalted says what not to do and do.For example:
What not to do:
Do not associate anyone or anything with Allah.
What to Do:
Do good towards parents.Verse 36, Chapter 4, An-Nisaa, The Women
“And worship Allaah and do not associate with Him anything, andgoodness towards the parents, and to the near relatives, and the orphans,and the poor, and the neighbor who is related, and the neighbor who isalien, and the companion by the side, and the traveler, and what your righthands passes. Surely Allaah does not love him who is proud, boastful.”
The “doing of good” that the Qur’an talks about does include doing good to theparents.The entire concept of “good” is summed up in the word ihsaan. Itdenotes doing what is right, good and beautiful– in other words we should showthem kindness, compassion, gratitude, obedience and respect.We should prayfor them and support them financially if they are in need.The list of doing good tothem is endless.
And this applies even when they are not Muslims!Now let us talk about being patient with parents.
It is easy to loose our patience when things do not go our way.Our parents do so many things that maycause us to loose patience because of our different interests and so forth.Eventhen we should not become angry and impatient with them.The Qur’an tells usnot to loose our patience, not to speak the smallest word of disrespect or displeasure towards them.Verses 23, and 24 Chapter 17; Israel
“And your Lord has commanded that you do not worship anyone exceptHim alone; and doing good to the parents. If one of them or both of themreach old age in your presense, even then do not say to them “Ugh,” anddo not scold them, and speak to them a generous speech.“And lower to them the wings of humility out of tenderness; and say: ‘MyLord! Have mercy on them as they brought me up in childhood.’ ”
How about praying for parents?
 Far from speaking harshly towards our parents, we are told to pray for them.In the above verse, a beautiful du’ameaning supplication is quoted.We should make it a habit to offer thissupplication in our prayers to God everyday now and even after they are gone.Itsays:
“Rabbir hamhumaa kamaa rabba-yaanee sagheera.”“My Lord! Have mercy on them as they brought me up in childhood
.”How beautiful!I would like to quote a most famous hadith meaning a Prophetic saying about thestatus of parents in Islam.Once a man asked our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of God beupon him),“Who is most entitled to be treated with best companionship by me?”The Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) replied,“Your mother.”The man asked, “Who is next?”The Prophet (peace and blessings of God beupon him) said,“Your mother.”The man again asked,“Who is next?”The Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) said,“Your mother.”The manasked for the fourth time,“Who is next?”The Prophet (peace and blessings of God be upon him) said,“Your father.”(Bukhari and Muslim). This saying illustrates two things:(1) status of parents,and (2) status and importance of 

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