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Malaysia - Mapping Digital Media

Malaysia - Mapping Digital Media

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Published by OSFJournalism
Malaysia has had a torrid relationship with digital. Mahathir Mohamad, the former Malaysian prime minister, fell in love with it in the 1990s when he launched the Multimedia Super Corridor, a sort of East Asian Silicon Valley, to develop the local information and communications technology industry.

Two out of three Malaysians regularly use the internet (even though large areas of the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak, where nearly a fifth of the population lives, pose logistical challenges regarding infrastructure) and a third of the population have a 3G mobile subscription. Broadband household penetration in the capital, Kuala Lumpur, is 112 percent because many citizens have both fixed and mobile accounts. Nearly half the population is on Facebook with an average of 233 friends each, the greatest proportion in the world, all on social networks for an average nine hours a week. And they still seem to find enough time to watch television for three and a half hours a day and to listen to the radio for three hours.

The outlook is for an expansion of internet and mobile-based platforms for news, comment, social networking, activism, and entertainment. However, a change of government is probably a prerequisite for the kinds of changes that would usher in greater diversity in broadcast and print, such as regulatory independence, repeal of the Printing Presses and Publications Act, and the dismantling of monopolies, rules on cross ownership, and political parties’ ownership of media companies.
Malaysia has had a torrid relationship with digital. Mahathir Mohamad, the former Malaysian prime minister, fell in love with it in the 1990s when he launched the Multimedia Super Corridor, a sort of East Asian Silicon Valley, to develop the local information and communications technology industry.

Two out of three Malaysians regularly use the internet (even though large areas of the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak, where nearly a fifth of the population lives, pose logistical challenges regarding infrastructure) and a third of the population have a 3G mobile subscription. Broadband household penetration in the capital, Kuala Lumpur, is 112 percent because many citizens have both fixed and mobile accounts. Nearly half the population is on Facebook with an average of 233 friends each, the greatest proportion in the world, all on social networks for an average nine hours a week. And they still seem to find enough time to watch television for three and a half hours a day and to listen to the radio for three hours.

The outlook is for an expansion of internet and mobile-based platforms for news, comment, social networking, activism, and entertainment. However, a change of government is probably a prerequisite for the kinds of changes that would usher in greater diversity in broadcast and print, such as regulatory independence, repeal of the Printing Presses and Publications Act, and the dismantling of monopolies, rules on cross ownership, and political parties’ ownership of media companies.

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Published by: OSFJournalism on Jun 18, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/22/2013

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MALAYSIA
COUNTRY REPORT 
MAPPING DIGITAL MEDIA:
 
Mapping Digital Media:Malaysia 
A REPORT BY THE OPEN SOCIETY FOUNDATIONS
WRITTEN BY
Jo-Ann Ding and Lay Chin Koh (lead reporters)Jacqueline Ann Surin (reporter)
1
EDITED BY
Marius Dragomir and Mark Thompson (Open Society Media Program editors)Graham Watts (regional editor)
EDITORIAL COMMISSION
Yuen-Ying Chan, Christian S. Nissen, Dusˇan Reljic´, Russell Southwood,Michael Starks, Damian TambiniThe Editorial Commission is an advisory body. Its members are not responsiblefor the information or assessments contained in the Mapping Digital Media texts
OPEN SOCIETY MEDIA PROGRAM TEAM
Meijinder Kaur, program assistant; Morris Lipson, senior legal advisor;and Gordana Jankovic, director
OPEN SOCIETY INFORMATION PROGRAM TEAM
Vera Franz, senior program manager; Darius Cuplinskas, director
16 May 2013
1. Te writers also acknowledge the contributions o Edwin Yapp and Zaharom Nain in the preparation o this report.
 
MAPPING DIGITAL MEDIA MALAYSIA2
Contents
Mapping Digital Media ..................................................................................................................... 4Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................... 6Context ............................................................................................................................................. 10Social Indicators ................................................................................................................................ 12Economic Indicators ......................................................................................................................... 141. Media Consumption: Te Digital Factor ................................................................................... 151.1 Digital ake-up ................................................................................................................. 151.2 Media Preerences ............................................................................................................. 181.3 News Providers ................................................................................................................. 211.4 Assessments ...................................................................................................................... 292. Digital Media and Public or State-administered Broadcasters .................................................... 312.1 Public Service and State Institutions ................................................................................. 312.2 Public Service Provision .................................................................................................... 382.3 Assessments ...................................................................................................................... 403. Digital Media and Society ......................................................................................................... 423.1 User-Generated Content (UGC) ...................................................................................... 423.2 Digital Activism ................................................................................................................ 483.3 Assessments ...................................................................................................................... 54

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