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The Ten Bushcraft Books by Richard Graves

The Ten Bushcraft Books by Richard Graves

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Published by SPYDERSKILL

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Published by: SPYDERSKILL on May 02, 2009
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12/31/2013

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 The Ten Bushcraft Books by Robert Graves
.introduction
The section is home to an on-line edition of a classic text that is sadly now out of print, 'The 10Bushcraft Books' by Richard Graves. Richard Harry Graves was born 17th July, 1898 (somesources list year of birth as 1897 or 1899) in Co. Waterford, Ireland. He died 3 days before I was born, on 3rd February, 1971 in Sydney, Australia. He is credited with the authorship of several books and is formerly a Commanding Officer of the Australian Jungle Survival & RescueDetachment on active service with the U.S.A.A.F.'The 10 Bushcraft Books' are the seminal texts on bushcraft and this on-line edition (based on thefirst edition of the book set) has been released to share this unique source of knowledge.Originally written as wartime information for conducting rescue missions, the notes were later revised and prepared for a School of Bushcraft which was conducted for nearly 20 years. Almostall the quirks of the original text have been retained (illustrations by the author, inconsistent wordusage, strange punctuation, etc.) although I have removed 50% of the commas (believe it or not). Ihave also converted all imperial measurements into metric.Each web page in this section is quite large (typically 100 to 150 Kb, including images). All largeimages have a 'thumbnail' place holder that can be used to access the full-size version of the image(by clicking on the thumbnail image).Use all information contained herein at your own risk. No liability of any kind for the use, or misuse, of this information will be accepted by the owner of this web site.
.dust jacket
The author of "The 10 Bushcraft Books", Richard Graves, is a member of the Irish literary familyof that name. He is also the author of "Creating Customers" and "More About CreatingCustomers", two authoritative works on marketing.An enthusiastic bushwalker, skier and pioneer of white-water canoeing, he foresaw how aknowledge of bushcraft could save lives in the Second World War. To achieve this end, he initiatedand led the Australian Jungle Rescue Detachment, assigned to the Far East American Air Force.This detachment of 60 specially selected A.I.F. soldiers successfully effected more than 300 rescuemissions, most of which were in enemy-held territory, without failure of a mission or loss of aman.An essential preliminary for rescue was survival, and it was for this purpose that the notes for these books were written. These notes were later revised and prepared for a School in Bushcraftwhich was conducted for nearly 20 years. As far as is known, "The 10 Bushcraft Books" areunique. There is nothing quite like them, nor is any collection of bushcraft knowledge under onecover as comprehensive.
 
The term "Bushcraft" is used because woodcraft commonly means either knowledge of local faunaand flora or else is associated with the blood-sports of hunting and shooting.The traps and snares included in this book would be ineffective for native animals which are insectenters or grazers. These traps have been included because they would only be effective in catching predatory animals such as cats and dogs which have taken to the bush, and other "pest" creatures."Bushcraft" describes the activity of how to make use of natural materials found locally in anyarea. It includes many of the skills used by primitive man, and to these are added "white man"skills necessary for survival, such as time and direction, and the provision of modern "white man"comforts. The practice of bushcraft develops in an individual a remarkable ability to adapt quicklyto a changing environment. Because this is so, the activity is a valuable counter to today'sspecialisation, and particularly significant in youth training work.
.introduction
The practice of bushcraft shows many unexpected results. The five senses are sharpened, andconsequently the joy of being alive is greater.The individual's ability to adapt and improvise is developed to a remarkable degree. This in turnleads to increased self-confidence.Self-confidence, and the ability to adapt to a changing environment and to overcome difficulties,is followed by a rapid improvement in the individual's daily work. This in turn leads toadvancement and promotion.Bushcraft, by developing adaptability, provides a broadening influence, a necessary counter tooffset the narrowing influence of modern specialisation.For this work of bushcraft all that is needed is a sharp cutting implement: knife, axe or machete.The last is the most useful. For the work, dead materials are most suitable. The practice of  bushcraft conserves, and does not destroy, wildlife.R.H.G.
.list of bushcraft books
Book 1. - Ropes & Cords 
Book 2. - Huts & Thatching 
Book 3. - Campcraft 
Book 4. - Food & Water  
Book 5. - Firemaking 
Book 6. - Knots & Lashings 
Book 8. - Snares & Traps 
Book 9. - Travel & Gear  
 
Book 10. - Time & Direction 
Introduction
One of the first needs in Bushcraft is the ability to join poles or sticks. The only method available is bythe use of lashings.To use lashings however, it is necessary to have, find or make materials for this purpose.The ability to spin or plait fibres into ropes or cords is one of the oldest of man's primitive skills. Themethod is simple and follows precisely the same stages that are made use of by today's complicatedmachines.The material from which to spin or plait ropes or cords is in abundance everywhere. Any fibrousmaterial which has reasonable length, moderate strength and is flexible or pliable can be used. Theseare the three things to look for and they can be found in many vines, grasses, barks, palms and even inthe hair of animals.The breaking strains of handmade ropes and cords varies greatly with different materials. Consequentlyit is essential that the rope or cord be tested for the purpose for which it will be used before beingactually put to use.The uses to which these hand-made ropes and cords can be put, apart from lashing, is almost endlessand some few are included in this book.
.the making of ropes and cords
Almost any natural fibrous material can be spun into good serviceable rope or cord, and many materialswhich have a length of 12" to 24" [30 cm to 60 cm], or more, can be braided or plaited. Ropes of up to3" and 4" [7.5 cm and 10 cm] diameter can be 'laid' by four people, and breaking strains for bush-maderope of 1" [2.5 cm] diameter range from 100 lbs. [45 kg] to as high as 2,000 lbs. or 3,000 lbs. [905 kgor 1,360 kg]
.breaking strains
Taking a three lay rope of 1" [2.5 cm] diameter as standard, the following table of breaking strains mayserve to give a fair idea of general strengths of various materials. For safety sake always regard thelowest figure as the breaking strain unless you know otherwise.Green Grass100 lbs. to 250 lbs. [45 kg to 115 kg]Bark Fibre500 lbs. to 1,500 lbs. [225 kg to 680 kg]Palm Fibre650 lbs. to 2,000 lbs. [295 kg to 905 kg]Sedges2,000 lbs. to 2,500 lbs. [905 kg to 1,135 kg]Monkey Rope (Lianas)560 lbs. to 700 lbs. [245 kg to 320 kg]Lawyer Vine (Calamus)½" [1.25 cm] dia. 1,200 lbs. [545 kg]Double the diameter quadruples the breaking strain. Halve the diameter, and you reduce the breakingstrain to one fourth.

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