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What We Know About Second Language Acquisition : A Synthesis From Four Perspectives

What We Know About Second Language Acquisition : A Synthesis From Four Perspectives

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Published by Charles Cornelius
February 2012
REVIEW OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
L. Quentin Dixon, Jing Zhao, Jee-Young Shin, Shuang Wu, Jung-Hsuan Su, Renata Burgess-Brigham, Melike Unal Gezer and Catherine Snow
February 2012
REVIEW OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
L. Quentin Dixon, Jing Zhao, Jee-Young Shin, Shuang Wu, Jung-Hsuan Su, Renata Burgess-Brigham, Melike Unal Gezer and Catherine Snow

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Charles Cornelius on Jun 18, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/05/2014

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ResearchReview of Educational
 http://rer.sagepub.com/content/82/1/5The online version of this article can be found at:DOI: 10.3102/0034654311433587February 20122012 82: 5 originally published online 1
REVIEW OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH 
Burgess-Brigham, Melike Unal Gezer and Catherine SnowL. Quentin Dixon, Jing Zhao, Jee-Young Shin, Shuang Wu, Jung-Hsuan Su, Renata
Four PerspectivesWhat We Know About Second Language Acquisition : A Synthesis From
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Review of Educational Research 
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 at UNIV OF BATH on April 30, 2012http://rer.aera.netDownloaded from 
 
at UNIV OF BATH on April 30, 2012http://rer.aera.netDownloaded from 
 
 Review of Educational Research March 2012, Vol. 82, No. 1, pp. 5–60 DOI: 10.3102/0034654311433587 © 2012 AERA. http://rer.aera.net 
5
What We Know About Second LanguageAcquisition: A Synthesis From Four Perspectives
L. Quentin Dixon
Texas A&M University
Jing Zho
Sun Yat-sen University
Jee-Young ShinShung WuJung-Hsun SuRent Burgess-BrighmMelike Unl Gezer
Texas A&M University
Ctherine Snow
 Harvard University
 Educational policies that impact second language (L2) learners—a rapidly- growing group—are often enacted without consulting relevant research. Thisreview synthesized research regarding optimal conditions for L2 acquisition, facilitative L2 learner and teacher characteristics, and speed of L2 acquisi-tion, from four bodies of work—foreign language education, child languageresearch, sociocultural studies, and psycholinguistics—often overlooked byeducators. Seventy-one peer-reviewed journal articles studying PK-12 L2learners met inclusion criteria. Findings included: 1) Optimal conditions for L2 learners immersed in a majority-L2 society include strong home lit-eracy practices, opportunities to use the L2 informally, well-implemented  specially-designed L2 educational programs, and sufficient time devoted to L2 literacy instruction, whereas L2 learners with little L2 exposure requireexplicit instruction to master grammar; 2) L2 learners with strong L2 apti-tude, motivation, and first language (L1) skills are more successful; 3) Effective L2 teachers demonstrate sufficient L2 proficiency, strong instruc-tional skills, and proficiency in their students' L1; 4) L2 learners require 3-7 
RER433587
RER
10.3102/0034654311433587Dixon et al.Second Language Acquisition
 at UNIV OF BATH on April 30, 2012http://rer.aera.netDownloaded from 

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