Consumer Price Index Data for May2013Food
The food index fell 0.1 percent in May after rising 0.2 percent in April. The index for food at home fell0.3 percent, its largest decline since July 2009. Four of the six major grocery store food group indexes posted declines, led by nonalcoholic beverages, which fell 1.1 percent. The index for dairy and related products decreased 0.8 percent, its third decline in the last four months. The indexes for cereals and bakery products and other food at home both turned down in May, falling 0.4 percent and 0.3 percent,respectively. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs, which increased in April, was unchanged inMay. The only grocery store food group index to rise was fruits and vegetables, which increased 0.4 percent in May after a 1.4 percent decline in April. The food at home index has increased 0.8 percentover the past year; the fruits and vegetables index has risen the most of the six groups over that span,increasing 2.1 percent. The index for food away from home rose 0.2 percent in May and has risen 2.3 percent over the past year.
The energy index rose in May, increasing 0.4 percent after substantial declines in March and April. Thegasoline index, which declined sharply the previous two months, was unchanged in May. (Beforeseasonal adjustment, gasoline prices rose 0.8percent in May.) The fuel oil index continued to fall; its 2.9 percent decrease in May was its third consecutive decline. However, other energy indexes rose. Theelectricity index, which increased 0.5 percent in April, rose 0.8 percent in May. The natural gas indexrose 2.4 percent, its fourth consecutive increase. Over the last 12 months energy indexes are mixed, withthe index for fuel oil falling 5.8 percent and the gasoline index down 4.1percent, but the natural gasindex rising 14.2 percent and the electricity index up1.7 percent.
All items less food and energy
The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2percent in May after rising 0.1 percent in bothMarch and April. The shelter index rose 0.3 percent in May, its largest increase since July 2011. Theindex for rent
rose 0.3 percent and the index for owners’ equivalent rent increased 0.2 percent. The
index for lodging away from home rose 1.2 percent in May, its fifth consecutive increase. Besidesshelter, several other indexes also increased in May. The index for airline fares rose 2.2 percent after declining in April. The indexes for apparel and recreation both rose 0.2 percent after declining in recentmonths. In contrast to these increases, the index for medical care declined in May, falling 0.1 percent.The index for medical care services was unchanged while the index for medical care commodities fell0.5 percent, with the index for prescription drugs decreasing 0.6 percent. The index for used cars and trucks also declined, falling 0.1 percent after increasing in each of the first four months of the year.Several indexes were unchanged in May,including new vehicles, tobacco, and household furnishingsand operations.The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.7percent for the 12 months ending May. Theindex for shelter has risen2.3 percent over the last 12 months. The medical care index has risen 2.2 percent, its smallest 12-month increase since September 1972. The index for medical care services hasincreased 2.9percent over the last year, while the index for medical care commodities was unchanged,with the prescription drug index down 0.1 percent over the span.