Lesson 7: The Second Declension (Module B) 7-3Feminine and Neuter Nouns ________________________________________________________________
§7.1.1 Second declension feminine paradigm.
The case endings for all(uncontracted) second declension feminine nouns are indicated below inred for easier identification. Summary comments concerning their formation follow which are identical to (uncontracted) masculine nouns of the same declension. The feminine noun,
serves as the n-2bparadigm. These case endings may be used with any feminine noun in theVocabulary Study of this lesson.
(road, way, journey, conduct)
+ case ending
Article Noun Article Noun
C a s e s
1. All case endings are appended to the nominative singular stem. Thenominative singular form is the lexical form for all forms of theparadigm. This is true for all nouns, regardless of declension.2. The actual case form ending is
. However due to the undesiredcombination with the stem vowel
, contraction occurs.3. The stem vowel
has been irregularly absorbed by the
,and not because of contraction as in the genitive singular.4. At some time during the morphological development of the dativesingular case ending, the stem vowel
retained as an
subscript.5. The actual case ending is
drops out whenimmediately followed by
because of phonology. The stem vowel
is lengthened to
to compensate for the loss of the
irregularly replaces the stem vowel
.7. The vocative and nominative plural share case endings. Context(function), and not form, determines meaning.
© Dr. William D. Ramey
Morphology: The Nominal System (Part 2) NTGreek In Session