Our Lord says plainly, that just as Moses lifted the serpent inthe wilderness, and there was no other lifting up than that we just considered; "even so, must the Son of man be lifted up, thatwhosoever believeth in him should not perish, but should have292 SERMO XXXIV.etyrnal life." By tlie lifting up of the Son of man, he evidentlymeant his own crucifixion; as St. John in another place testifies,in these words: — "This he said, signifying what death he shoulddie." We may, therefore, regard the text as setting forth thenecessity of Christ's crucifixion, in order that mankind might beredeemed from the state of spiritual condemnation, which leadsto eternal death ; and of faith in its efficacy, in order to entitleeach individual to its benefits. We, therefore, hold up to yourview, this clear type of the great propitiatory sacrifice, and bidyou look at its strong points of application.And, first, observe, that the wounds inflicted by the serpentswere fatal, if left to take their course. Here we have a fit re-presentation of the deadly nature of sin. Inborn corruption,which seated in the heart, spreads o'er the whole man, break-ing out in deformities of character, which mark the guilty forfinal ruin, may be well likened to the venom of the serpent's tooth,which rankles in the wound, tainting the blood, and poisoningthe fountain of life. Mark the progress of subtle poison in itswork of death. The victim of its insidious power feels a suddenpang, which marks the recent wound, and, perhaps, eagerly looksfor a remedy. But while he seeks, or before he can apply thatwhich is close at hand, the pain which alarmed him has ceased,and all apprehension of danger is allayed. But the poison isworking w^ithin him, and by its chilling influence lulls the sensesinto drowsiness and torpor, and the livid body gives at once adreadful warning of danger, and a sure indication of approachingdeath. It is thus that sin works corruption and death in the soulof man. The first appearance of guilt wounds the conscience,yet sensitive and vigilant, and a sudden efibrt is made to cast outthe painful thing — to free the soul from the smart of the wound.