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Io vs Philomela

Io vs Philomela

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Published by fontiniesillusions
Term Paper GREEK MYTHOLOGY
Term Paper GREEK MYTHOLOGY

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Published by: fontiniesillusions on Jun 19, 2013
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05/02/2014

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Fay SimosCLASS 2000Jennifer Meyer June 13, 2013The Rapes of IO by Jove & Philomela by TereusIn this essay I have chosen to analyze the two poems in Ovid Metamorphoses; Io raped by Jove/Jupiter; and the rape of Philomela by Tereus. The main source for quotations that wereused in both myths will be taken
from Ovid‘s Metamorphoses, book one and book six.
For mostI will start this essay by briefly paraphrasing both stories, so we can gain a better understandingof what each tale is about. First poem, Io rape by Jove is in book one, of Ovid Metamorphosesand the second poem the rape of Philomela by her own brother-in-law, Tereus is in book six. Iwill discuss the difference in the language used in both of the poems; I will describe the rapescenes; and how the rapes could be different between divinities like Jove vs. the mortal of Tereus. I will also discuss how myths might of have reinforced social values in Greek andRoman societies and their customs; and how myths could be used to state a lesson learned. And
lastly I will discuss the ‗significant other‘ (Hera and Procne) what role they play in
each myth.The first poem I will discuss is the rape of Io by Jove in book one; which the poem narratesThessaly, a geographical region in Greece called Tempe, from the foot of Mount Pindus; and
it‘s
the point whereas the rivers meet and come together just before they descend down the water fall.
 
 
The tale distinguishes between the sky and the waters; and how theclimate plays a big role in the geographical area. At the river Jove/Jupiter there was a shrub that was given the name Io; and thisshrub was carried off by the current of river Jupiter/Jove; and wastaken to a location with limited sunlight and muddy water. For thenIo shrub was slowly dying (Ovid,
 Met.
I.568
 – 
686).
 
The second poems in book six, Ovid Metamorphoses is the poem of Tereus, Procne andPhilomela. Again this poem takes place in the neighboring towns of Greece; although they haveto do with mortal kings, queens and/or princes, instead of the phenomena of the earth.Procne from Athens, had married Tereus of Thebes and wanted tovisit her sister Philomela or have Philomela visit her in Thebes. Atthe time, Procene had sent her husband Tereus to Athens go andfetch her sister Philomela and bring her to visit. Once Tereus got toAthens and set eyes on Philomela for the first time, he was bewildered by her beauty and wanted her more than ever. So whenPhilomela and Tereus got on the ship to head for Thebes, Tereustook Philomela to a cabin out on an island instead, and raped her (Ovid,
 Met 
.VI. 412
 – 
674).
Let‘s analyze the previous poem,
Io raped by Jupiter, accordingly to the quotation that
 proceeds shows Jupiter‘s/Jove‘s fascination to have Io…
 
―…Jupiter saw her and cried, ‗You beautiful maiden, worthy of Jove, how happy the husbandwho makes you his own!‘ If you are afraid to enter the wild breasts‘ lairs on your own, you‘ll besafe with a god to guide you into the forest‘s secret recess — 
no ordinary god, but I who wield in
my might …‖ (Ovid,
Met.
I.568-686).In a pleading or more as a playful manner, as soon as Jove/Jupiter saw Io, Jupiter said theabove sentence and it included the words (wild breasts) to Io, which Jupiter referred to himself asa wild savage beast or animal. In addition the statement above includes the words: (I who wieldin my might) meaning he who uses force. These words raised a flag with Io and she foresawwhat was about to happen and then she fled.-
 
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In opposing,
Ovid‘s language and narration
in the Io rape could be implied somewhatsmooth and gracious. The words that are used could be ornamental to any woman, for examplethe above words could almost sound sincere depending on the expressive tone that does thedictation and why they are saying these words; for instance, the words can simply mean that soand so, is a beautiful lady and very well poised, and he who is lucky to marry her, is a luckyman.In each of the poems there were significant others that played a role; for instance in the poem of Io and Jove/Jupiter, we have Queen June/Hera, which was the sky, the counterpart of Jupiter/Jupiter 
 — 
river.In the following I would like to narrate the statement of Queen June/Hera, and what roleshe played in the poem;
―…At that instance Queen June/Hera directed her gaze on the middle of Argos. The day
had been bright and sunny, but now to her surprise the clouds had suddenly turned into night.
The mist didn‘t come from the river …‖ (Ovid,
 Met.
I.590
 – 
595).The statement above has to do with the climate, or the change of the weather; and whatsignificant role the weather has in the environment. For instance, Hera/ or Queen June (sky) was bright and sunny but during the unpleasant event that was taking place with Io and Jove/Jupiter,Queen June, the sky, became dim and dark; and therefore Queen June knew that Jove/Jupiter was
up to no good. Queen June supposed to herself…―… `Either I'm wrong, or I'm wronged!' and, gliding down through the air, she alighted
on earth an
d commanded the mists to remove themselves…‖ (Ovid,
 Met.
I.608
 – 
609).Once the mist was removed and Queen Juno perceived what was going on, Inachusdaughter, Io was turned into a cow by Jove.-
 
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