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Type of Force.docx

# Type of Force.docx

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Published by: usunom on Jun 20, 2013

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02/25/2014

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Type of Force
(and Symbol)

Description of Force
Applied ForceF
app

An applied force is a force that is applied to an object by a person oranother object. If a person is pushing a desk across the room, thenthere is an applied force acting upon the object. The applied force isthe force exerted on the desk by the person.Return to Top

Gravity Force(also known as Weight)F
grav

The force of gravity is the force with which the earth, moon, orother massively large object attracts another object towards itself.By definition, this is the weight of the object. All objects upon earthexperience a force of gravity that is directed "downward" towardsthe center of the earth. The force of gravity on earth is always equalto the weight of the object as found by the equation:
Fgrav = m * g
where g = 9.8 N/kg (on Earth)and m = mass (in kg)(Caution: do not confuse weight with mass.)

Normal ForceF
norm

The normal force is the support force exerted upon an object that isin contact with another stable object. For example, if a book isresting upon a surface, then the surface is exerting an upward forceupon the book in order to support the weight of the book. Onoccasions, a normal force is exerted horizontally between twoobjects that are in contact with each other. For instance, if a personleans against a wall, the wall pushes horizontally on the person.Return to Top

Friction ForceF
frict

The friction force is the force exerted by a surface as an objectmoves across it or makes an effort to move across it. There are atleast two types of friction force - sliding and static friction. Thoughtit is not always the case, the friction force often opposes the motionof an object. For example, if a book slides across the surface of a

desk, then the desk exerts a friction force in the opposite directionof its motion. Friction results from the two surfaces being pressedtogether closely, causing intermolecular attractive forces betweenmolecules of different surfaces. As such, friction depends upon thenature of the two surfaces and upon the degree to which they arepressed together. The maximum amount of friction force that asurface can exert upon an object can be calculated using theformula below:F
frict

= µ • F
norm
The friction force is discussed in more detail later on this page.

Air Resistance Force
The air resistance is a special type of frictional force that acts upon

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