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spoken english lessons- 151 to 165

spoken english lessons- 151 to 165

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Published by sv swamy
spoken english lessons- 151 to 165
spoken english lessons- 151 to 165

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Published by: sv swamy on May 04, 2009
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08/06/2013

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Devanath:
I bought this shirt for Rs 350/-. Agood bargain, isn't it?
shirt
؈’ 350 ®Ω÷§ƒ-ߪ’-©èπ◊ éÌØ√o.´’ç* ¶‰®Ω¢Ë ’ éπü∆?)
Raghunath:
I'm afraid that it is too much for it.I have a similar shirt. It cost me just around Rs 250/-
(†’´¤y ´’K áèπ◊\´ °ö«d-´†’-èπ◊çö«. Ø√éÀ™«çöÀ 
shirt
ÖçC. ü∆Eo ؈’ 250®Ω ÷§ƒ-ߪ’-©èπ◊ éÌØ√o.)
Devanath:
You mean I have been cheated?
(Åçõ‰Øˆ’ ¢Á ÷Ææ-§Ú-ߪ÷-†Ø√?)
Cheat =
¢Á÷Ææ ç îËߪ’ôç/ ¢Á ÷Ææ-í¬úø’
Cheater
ÅØË´÷ô ™‰ü¿’
Raghunath:
If its price is Rs 350/-, you werecharged Rs 100 more. Where didyou buy it?
(†’´y-†oô’xÅC 350 ®Ω÷§ƒ-ߪ’-™„  jûË, 100 ®Ω÷§ƒ-ߪ’©’ áèπ◊\´ °ö«d´¤. áéπ\úøéÌØ√o´¤?)
Devanath:
At the Fitwell readymade shop.
Raghunath:
It is often called the cheatwellshop. Didn't you know that?
(ü∆Eo 
cheatwell shop
Åçö«®Ωçü¿®Ω÷.Fèπ◊ ûÁL-ߪ’ü∆?)
Devanath:
You should have told me of it earli-er. Then I wouldn't have beencheated.
(†’´¤y Ø√èπ◊ ´·çüËîÁ°æ ¤pçú≈LqçC. ¢Á ÷Ææ- §Ú-ßË ’-¢√úÕo é¬ü¿’.)
Raghunath:
I would have, if I had been asked,and if I had known that you weregoing to that shop. Can't it bereturned or exchanged now?
(††o-úÕ-í∫ ’çõ‰, †’¢√y
shop
èπ◊ ¢Á∞«h´EûÁLÊÆh ؈’ îÁÊ°p-¢√-úÕØË. ü∆Eo°æ ¤púø ’ AJ-T -É´y-ö«E-éÀ-í¬F ´÷®Ω’aèπ◊ØË çü¿’-èπ◊í¬F ™‰ü∆?)
Devanath:
How can it be, after it has beenused?
(ᙫ ´÷®Ω’aéÓ´ôç, ¢√úË-¨»†’ éπü∆?)
Raghunath:
Then stop worrying about it. Becareful in future.
(Å®·ûËÉçéπü∆Eo í∫’Jç* ¶«üµ  ¿-°æ-úøèπ◊.
Future
™ ñ«ví∫-ûª  hí¬ Öçúø ’)
Devanath:
The shop fellow should be taught alesson.
shop
¢√úÕéÀ ¶«í¬ •’Cl ¥îÁ§ƒpL.)
Raghunath:
In that attempt, don't be cheatedonce more.
(Ç v°æߪ’-ûª oç™ ´’Sx¢Á ÷Ææ-§Úèπ◊)
Devanath:
No; I will take you this time. You actsmart in these matters.
(Ñ≤ƒJ E†’o BÆæ ’-Èé∞«h. †’Oy N≠æ-ߪ÷™x ûÁL-Ní∫-©¢√-úÕN)
Raghunath:
It will be taken care of, don't worry.
(؈’ îª÷Ææ’-èπ◊çö«™‰. ¶«üµ¿-°æ-úøèπ◊)
Observe the use of passive forms in theconversation above:1)
You mean I have been cheated?
2)
You were chargedRs 100/- more
3)
It isoften calledthe cheatwell shop.
4)
I wouldn't have been cheated.
5)
... if I had beenasked.
6)
How canit be(returned/exchanged)after ithas been used.
7)
The shop fellow should be taughta lesson
8)
... don't be cheatedonce more
9)
It will be takencare of
Ñ
Sentences
™E
passive verb forms
É°æ p-öÀ-´®Ωèπ◊ îª÷Æœ
verb forms (passive)
èπ◊ Åü¿†ç.
1)
... I have been cheated=
¢Á ÷ÆæTç°æ-•-ú≈f†’ = ¢Á ÷Ææ-§Ú-ߪ÷†’.
2)
Were charged=
´Ææ÷©’ îËߪ’-•-ú≈f´¤ = F ü¿í∫  _®Ω †’ç* ´Ææ÷©’ î˨»®Ω’.
3)
is called=
°œ©´•-úø ’-ûª’çC/ °œ©’-≤ƒh®Ω ’.
4)
Wouldn't have been cheated=
¢Á ÷Ææ-Tç°æ-•-úË- ¢√úÕ o é¬ü¿’ = ¢Á÷Ææ-§Ú-ßË ’-¢√úÕ o é¬ü¿’
5)
... had been asked =
Åúø-í∫-•úÕÖçõ‰/ ††o-úÕT Öçõ‰.
6)
a) can be returned/ exchanged =
AJT É´y-•-úø-í∫©/ ´÷®Ωa•-úø-í∫© = AJT ÉîË aߪ’/ ´÷®Ω ’aéÓ-í∫©
b) has been used =
¢√úø•-úÕ çC/ ¢√ú≈ç.
7)
should be taught a lesson =
§ƒ®∏ Ωç ØË®Ωp-•-ú≈L = §ƒ®∏ Ωç ØË®√pL.
8)
don't be cheated =
¢Á ÷Ææ-Tç°æ-•-úøèπ◊/ ¢Á ÷Ææ-§Úèπ◊
9)
will be taken care of =
ñ«-ví∫-ûª  h BÆæ’-éÓ•-úø ’-ûª’çC/ ñ«ví∫ûª  h BÆæ’-èπ◊çö«. (°jņ’-¢√-ü¿ç™ ¢Á ·ü¿öÀC
passive translation
ûÁ©’-í∫’™, ü∆E °æéπ\† Ö†oC
normal
(´÷´‚©’) ûÁ©’-í∫’™)
All the verbs above, you notice, are in the beform + past participle (pp), so they are all inthe passive voice.
í∫’®Ω’hçC éπü∆? Éçûª-èπ◊´·çü¿’
passive voicelessons
™ îÁ°œ p† Ñ
points:have/ has/ had/ shall have/ etc + past par-ticiple, form
™ Ö†o 
active voice verbs
èπ◊
Passive form: have/ has/ had/ shall have,etc
èπ◊, ü∆E ûª®√yûª ´îË a 
past participle
èπ◊´’üµ¿u™
been
°ôd-úø¢Ë ’.
1)
(Do) you mean I have beencheated.
ÉC
passive.
DEéÀ 
active- have/ has cheated
Å´¤-ûª’çC éπü∆? =
(Do) you mean that the shop fellow hascheatedme?
ÅüË 
shop people
(≥ƒ°æ¤-¢√∞¡Ÿx) ņ’-èπ◊çõ‰, Å°æ ¤púø ’
(Do) you mean the shop fellows have cheat-edme?
2)
you were chargedRs 100/- more:
Ééπ\úø 
pas-sive, were + pp.
DEéÀ 
active- past doing word
éπü∆?
Å°æ¤p-úø ’
sentence, active
™ à´’-´¤-ûª’çC?
The shop fellow chargedyou Rs 100/- more.
3)
It isoften calledthe cheatwell shop =
ü∆Eo 
cheatwell shop
Åçö«®Ω’ (v°æï©’). Ééπ\úø
Passive- iscalled,
鬕öÀdDEéÀ 
Active,I RDW/ II RDW
éπü∆?
(Past lessons
™E
tables
îª÷úø çúÕ) É°æ ¤púø ’ DEéÀ 
active - peoplecallit the cheatwell shop.
4)
I wouldn't have been cheated=
؈’ ¢Á ÷Ææ-Tç°æ-•-úË-¢√-úÕ o-é¬ü¿’. Ñ
verb,
ÉüË 
list
™ °j
verb No 1
äÍé
class
éπü∆–
have/ has/ had/ would have, etc + PP- Passive,
DEéÀ
active
ᙫ Öçô’çC? ´’üµ  ¿u™
been
BÊÆ-ߪ’çúÕ.
I wouldn't have been cheated = He/ they (theshop fellow/ the shop fellows) would nothave cheatedme.
Ñ
form of the verb
Éçûªèπ◊´·çü¿’ ´’†ç îª÷Æœ
Imaginary past form
éπü∆.
5)
If I had been asked -
ÉC èπÿú≈
verb No 4, verb No 1
™«Íí ÖçC,
passive
™. DEéÀ 
active- had been asked
™,´’üµ  ¿u
been
BÊÆ-ߪ’-ô¢Ë’.
If I had been asked(by you) = (Passive) = If you had asked me(Active)
6)
Verb b)
îª÷úø çúÕ:
has been used.
ÉC èπÿú≈
verb No. 1, verb No. 4
™«í¬ØË,
Passive
™ÖçC. ÉC
active
鬢√-©çõ‰
has been used
™
been
BÊÆ-ߪ’-ô¢Ë ’.
It has been used (by me)=I have used it (active)
7)
Verbs no 6 (a) can bereturned, No. 7 shouldbe taught, No. 9 willbe taken.
ÉN ´‚úø ’èπÿú≈
shall/ should/ can/ could/ may/ might/ must etc + 1stRDW
èπ◊
passive form
éπü∆.
Verb No. 6 (a) can be returned/ exchanged(by me)/ Passive - I can return/ exchangeit(Active)Verb No. 7: Should be taught (by us) -
ÉC
passive - We should teach him (the shop fel-low)- Active.Verb No.9: Will be taken care of (by me) -Passive - I will take care of it (Active)
 
In the case of the verbs above, we haveseen the active equivalents of passiveforms.
Ñ N≠æߪ’ç ñ«ví∫-ûª  hí¬ í∫´’-Eç-çúÕ.
Passive sentences
™, °j† ´’†ç îª÷Æœ
sentences
™ 'äéπ °æE á´J-îËûªîËߪ’-•-úÕ çC?— ÅØËC ûÁL-ߪ’ôç ™‰ü¿’ éπü∆?
eg: I have beencheated (
¢Á ÷Ææ-§Ú-ߪ÷†’) á´J-îËûªÅØËC
clear
í¬ ûÁL-ߪ’ôç ™‰ü¿’. Å™«çöÀ-îÓôx´’†ç Ææ çü¿-®√s¥Eo  •öÀ  dÜ£œ «ç-éÓ¢√L. Ñ Ææ çü¿-®√s¥™x,
Shop fellow
ÅE Ü£œ «ç-éӴa. Å°æ ¤púø ’,
Passive
†’ç*
active
èπ◊ ´÷®Ω ’aéÓ¢√-©çõ‰ 
shop fellow
ûÓ
sen-tence begin
îË≤ƒhç. Å™« î˨»ç éπü∆ Ééπ\úø?Å™«Íí
If I had been asked - passive
™ ÖçC.
by whom
(á´J îËûª) ÅØËC Ééπ\úøûÁL-ߪ’-ôç ™‰ü¿’. Ææ çü¿-®√s¥Eo •öÀ  d´’†Íéç ûÁ©’-≤ÚhçC– FîËûª 
=by you
ÅE. 鬕öÀd 
Active- You
ûÓ
begin
Å®·u,
If you had asked me
Å´¤-ûª’çC.É™«Íí
passive
™
by whom/ by what
(á´JîËûª/ üËE îËûª) ÅØËC ´’†ç Ü£œ «ç-éÓ¢√L.
Passive
ÆæJí¬ ¢√úÕ-†-îÓôx,
by so and so,
°∂  æ™«Ø√-¢√∞¡xîËûªÅØËC
omit
îËÆæ’hçö«ç. ÉC í∫´’-Eç*
practice
îËÊÆh,
passive
™ èπÿú≈ ´’†
conver-sation effective
í¬ Öçô’çC.
Practise the following in English.Express the passive equivalents of thefollowing:a)
Xé¬∞¡£æ «Æœ  hE ü¿éÀ  ~ù é¬Qí¬ °œ©’-≤ƒh®Ω ’.
b)
D§ƒ-´R ®ÓV†
buildings
†’ D§ƒ-©ûÓ Å©çéπJ-≤ƒh®Ω’.
c)
´’†ç *†o °œ©x©†’ Ææ’©¶µ ºçí¬ Ææ çûÓ≠æ°ôd í∫©ç.
(passive
™ îÁ§ƒpL).
d)
Ñ
road
Ææí∫¢Ë ’
repair
î˨»-Jçûª-´®Ωèπ◊.
e)
؈’
select
Å®· ÖçúË-¢√úÕ o 鬆’,
time
èπ◊ÆæJí¬ Ø√
application
¢√∞¡}èπ◊ ¢Á∞¡x-èπ◊çú≈ Öçõ‰.
f)
Ç °æ ¤Ææhéπç
X Class
èπ◊
text book
í¬
pre-scribe
鬴a.
g)
ÉC ¢Á çôØËîËߪ÷L.
h)
Åûªúø ’
select
鬢√LqçC
i)
Ñ
road
á°æ¤púÓ ¢Ëߪ÷-LqçC.
j)
ÉC î√™« Ææ ’©¶µ ºçí¬ îËߪ’´îª’a.
ANSWERSa)
Srikalahasti is calledDakshina Kasi/ TheKasi of the south.
b)
Buildings are decorated with lamps onthe day of Deepavali/ on the Deepavaliday/ on the occasion of Deepavali.
c)
Children can be made happy easily
d)
Only half of the road has been repaired.
e)
I would not have been selected, if myapplication had not reached in time. (Thisis imaginary past, isn't it?)
f)
The book may be prescribed as a textbook for X class.
g)
This should be/ must be/ has to be doneat once.
h)
He should have been selected (Imaginarypast)
i)
This road should have been laid long ago(Imaginary past)
j)
This can be done easily.
 
... I have been cheated?
-Ççí∫    x-¶µ  «- ≠æ-ù
151
Ççí∫    x- ¶µ  «- ≠æ-ù
M. SURESAN
Spoken English
- §ƒûª- ¢√u≤ƒ©éÓÆæç - éÀ   x é˙-îË -ߪ ’ç-úÕ ..
URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm
II
 Ñ-Ø√úø ’    £j«ü¿ ®«ü˛- •’- üµ   ¿ ¢√®Ωç 3 - ¢Ë  ’ 2006
 
Spandana:
Oh, Chandana, what a relief? I'moff. I'll be seeing you only after 10days.(Chandana,
áçûª 
relief
í¬ ÖçüÓ! ؈’¢Á∞¡Ÿ-ûª’Ø√o. ´’Sx10 ®ÓV© ûª®√yûªE†’o  éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊çö«.)
relief=
N´·éÀ  h / ØÁAh-O’-ü¿-†’ç* °ü¿l•®Ω ’´¤ Cç*†-ô’x çúøôç
Chandana:
What are you so excitedabout?(Are you) on a holiday or what?
(üËE í∫’Jç* ÅçûªÖû√q£æ «çí¬ ÖØ√o´¤? ÂÆ©´¤-O’ü¿ ¢Á∞¡Ÿh-Ø√o¢√ à´’Ø√o?)
On a holiday=
ÂÆ©´¤-O’ü¿ ¢Á∞¡xôç
Spandana:
Happy that I am (on a holiday). Iam going home, sweet home. Allthese days I have been dyingto beback home, and I've the chancenow. I've packedup and am leav-ing.
(ÂÆ©´¤-©èπ◊ ¢Á∞¡Ÿh-Ø√o-†E Ææ çûÓ≠æ çí¬ ÖçC. ÉçöÀ-Èé-∞¡ŸhØ√o. ÉçöÀ-Èé-°æ ¤p-úÁ-°æ ¤púø ’ ¢Á∞«h´÷ ņ’-èπ◊ç-ô’çõ‰, É°æ¤p-úÌ-*açü∆ Å´-鬨¡ç. ≤ƒ´÷-†xEo Ææ®Ω ’l-èπ◊Ø√o†’, ¢Á∞¡Ÿh-Ø√o†’.)
Chandana:
I am eagerto go home too, but Ican't get leave until next month.How I envyyou!
(Ø√èπÿ ÉçöÀ-Èé-∞«x-©E Çûª %-ûªí¬ ÖçüË, é¬E ´îË a ØÁ©ü∆é¬ ÂÆ©´¤ üÌ®Ω-éπü¿’. E†’o-îª÷ÊÆh áçûªÑ®Ω  { uí¬ ÖçüÓ!)
Spandana:
I called mom and told her. She isanxiousto see me back. So is dad.Still two hours for the train and Ifeel it's too long. I can't waitanylonger.
(Å´’tèπ◊
phone
îËÆœ îÁ§ƒp. Ç¢Á’èπ◊ èπÿú≈††’o îª÷ú≈©E Çûª %-ûªí¬ ÖçC. Ø√†oèπ◊ èπÿú≈ ÅçûË.
Train
®√´ö«EéÀÉçé¬ È®çúø ’í∫ çô©’çC. áçûª-ÊƧÚ!)
Chandana:
I see how impatientyou are! Sowould anyone be when they have achance. How are you going tospend the days?
(áçûª ûÌçü¿-®Ω-°æ-úø’-ûª’-Ø√o¢Ó Å®ΩnçîËÆæ’éÓí∫©†’. á´È®jØ√ ÅçûË™‰Å´é¬¨¡ç ´ÊÆh. àç îËߪ’-¶-ûª’-Ø√o´¤ Ñ 10®ÓV©÷?/ ᙫ í∫úø-°æ-¶-ûª’-Ø√o´¤?)
Spandana:
Just lazeabout. I don't want to doanything. This nine month grindhas taken the life out of me. Noleisure. I am fed up withwork. Justeat, sleep, watch the TV and go tomovies. That's what I am going todo.
(àO’ îËߪ’†’. îËߪ÷-©E ņ’-éÓ´ô癉ü¿’. Ñ ûÌN’tC ØÁ©© °æE Ø√ v§ƒù«Lo ûÓúË-Æœ çC, Nv¨»çA ÅØËC ™‰èπ◊çú≈. NÆœ-T§Ú- ߪ÷†’. A†ôç, Evü¿-§Ú-´ôç,
TV
îª÷úøôç,ÆœE-´÷-©Èé-∞¡xôç– ÉD ؈’ îËߪ’-¶-ßË ’C.)
Chandana:
Next month I am likely to get mybreak. I'll get even with you then.Bye then. See you.
(´îË a ØÁ© Ø√èπÿ ´Ææ’hçC
break.
Å°æ ¤púø ’FûÓ Ææ´÷-†-´’-´¤û√. ¢ÁRx®√ Å®·ûË)
Look at the following words and expres-sions from the dialogue betweenSpandana and Chandana.
1) What a relief! I'm off; 2) excited; 3) onaholiday; 4) I've been dyingto be back home;5) I've packed up; 6) I am eager; 7) envy;8) anxious; 9) can't wait; 10) how impatientyou are!; 11) laze about; 12) the nine monthgrind; 13) get even with you.
Learn and practise these expressionswhen you speak. Your English will bevery effective.1)
relief:
DE Å®Ω  nç ´’†™ î√™«´’çCéÀûÁ©’Ææ’– (¶«üµ  ¿ †’ç* Å®·ûË) Ö°æ-¨¡´’†ç. (¶«üµ  ¿u-ûª©’, •®Ω’- ´¤© †’ç* Å®·ûË) Núø ’-ü¿©, Åçü¿’-´©x´îË a  £æ …®·.
What a relief!.
Å•s, áçûª £æ …®·í¬ ÖçüÓ!äéπ éπ≠æ  d-¢Á’i°æE °æ ‹®Ωh-®·ûË, äé𠶫üµ  ¿uûª†’ç* N´·éÀ  h §ÒçCûË, ´’†-éπE-°œ çîˣ栅®·,
relief. (Also,relief from headache, fever, etc.)I'm off= I am off= I am going=
؈’ ¢ÁRx-§Ú-ûª’- Ø√o†’– ¢Á∞¡Ÿh-†o-°æ ¤púø ÷, ¢Á∞¡x-¶-ûª’-†o-°æ ¤púø ’ ¢√úË-´÷ô– èπ◊x°æ  hçí¬ áèπ◊\´ Å®√nEo îÁ°æ ¤hçC.
He's off. If you want to tell him anything,hurry up=
¢√úø ’ ¢ÁRx-§Ú-ûª’-Ø√oúø ’. àü¿Ø√o îÁ§ƒp-©†’- èπ◊çõ‰¢Á çôØËîÁ°æ ¤p.
2)
excited= you are excited when some thinggood happens to you/ when you are veryhappy about something.
´’ç* ï®Ω’-í∫’-ûª’-†o-°æ ¤púø ’, ï®Ω-í∫-¶-ûª’-†o-°æ ¤púø ’ ´’†èπ◊ éπLÍí Ææ çûÓ≠æ ç, Öû√q£æ «ç.
a) They were excitedwhen their favouritehero talked to them=
¢√∞¡xÅGµ-´÷†
hero
¢√∞¡x†’ °æ©éπJç*†-°æ ¤púø ’ ¢√∞¡Ÿxî√™« ÆæçûÓ≠æ-°æ-ú≈f®Ω’.
b) He felt excitedwhen he got the prize=
¢√úÕéÀ
prize
´*a-†°æ¤p-úø’ î√™« Öû√q-£æ«çí¬Ææ çûÓ≠æ çí¬ ÖØ√oúø ’.
c) The movie is exciting/ It's an exciting movie=
î√™« ÇÆæ-éÀ  hE Ææ çûÓ≥ƒEo éπL-TçîË 
movie.d) Nothing exciting about the movie. It's dull=
Ç
movie
™ Öû√q£æ «éπ®Ω-¢Á’içüË-D-™‰ü¿’. î√™« ÅØ√- Ææ-éÀ  h-éπ®Ωçí¬ ÖçC.
(Dull= unexciting)e) Exciting news=
ÇÆæ-éÀ  h-éπ®Ω N≠æߪ’ç.
3)
On a holiday= You are on a holiday, if youhave break from your work for a few days.
îËÊÆ °æE †’ç* éÌEo ®ÓV©§ƒô’ Nv¨»çAí¬,NØÓü¿çí¬ í∫úÕ-°œûË,
You are on a holiday.Holiday=
ÂÆ©´¤,
Holidays=
ÂÆ©´¤©’– ´·êuçí¬Nü∆u-®Ω’n© N≠æ-ߪ’ç™
a) They are on a holiday/ they have gone on aholiday=
(éÌEo®ÓV©§ƒô’) °æE †’ç* N®√´’ç/Nv¨»çA §Òçü¿ôç. Ü∞¡ŸxA®Ω’-í∫’ûª÷ NØÓü¿çí¬í∫úø-°æôç.
b) I haven't been on a holidayfor the past oneyear=
àú≈Cí¬ Nv¨»çA/ N®√´’ç á®Ω-í∫†’.
Expression No 4: I've been dying, No. 6: Iam eager, No.8: Anxious, No. 9: Can't wait,and No. 10: How impatient you are.
OôEo-öÀéÀÅ®√n©’ ü∆ü∆°æ¤äéπõ‰– Çûª %ûª°æúøôç, Çûª %-ûªûÓ áü¿’®Ω’ îª÷úøôç, ûª£æ «ûª-£æ «™«úøôç, ûª y®Ω-°æ-úøôç.
Dying=
Ñ Ææ çü¿-®Ωs¥ç™
Dying
èπÿ, ü∆E´÷´‚©’ Å®Ωn ç– ´’®Ω-ù«EéÀÆæ ç•çüµ  ¿ç ™‰ü¿’. Ééπ\úø 
dying
Åçõ‰ûª£æ«ûª-£æ «™«úøôç.
He is dying to become a minister=
´’çvA 鬢√©E ûª£æ «ûª-£æ «™«úø ’-ûª’-Ø√oúø ’
He is very eagerto become a minister= Heis anxiousto become a minister= He can'twaitto become a minister= He is impatientto become a minister.
É´Fo äÍé Å®√n-Eo-≤ƒh®·. Çߪ’† ´’çvûª-´ö«EéÀáçûÓ Çûª %-ûªí¬ ÖØ√oúøE/ ûª£æ «ûª-£æ «™«úø ’-ûª’-Ø√o-úøE.
Ñ ´÷ôπ  ◊ Éûª®ΩÆæçü¿-®√s¥™x Å®√n©’ ÷ü∆lç.
i)
Dying -
Éü¿çü¿-JéÃûÁ©’Ææ’ – î√´¶-ûª’†o ü¿¨¡™ Öçúøôç.
Dying to do something=
ûª£æ«ûª-£æ «™«úø-ôç.
The child is dying to seeits mother=
ûªLxE îª÷úø-ö«EéÀGúø  fûª£æ «ûª£æ «™«úø ’-ûÓçC.
ii)
eager=
Çûª%-ûªí¬ Öçúøôç=
anxious.a) The hero is eager to see/ anxious to see hisson also as an actor=
Ç
hero
èπ◊ ûª† éÌúø ’-èπ◊†’èπÿú≈
actor
í¬ îª÷ú≈©E Çûª %-ûªí¬ ÖçC.
b) The patient is eager/ anxious to see the doc-tor=
®ÓT
doctor
†’ îª÷úø-ö«EéÀ Çûª%ûª°æúø ’-ûÓçC. Å®·ûË 
eager
èπ◊ ™‰E Å®Ωn ç,
anxious
èπ◊ Ö†o ÉçéÓ Å®Ωn ç– ´÷†-Æœ-éπçí¬ ÇçüÓ∞¡†-îÁ çü¿-ôç.
c) The mother is anxiousabout the child's con-dition
Ç ûªLxûª† Gúø  f°æJ-Æœ  nA (Ç®Óí∫ uç) í∫’Jç* ÇçüÓ∞¡†-îÁ çü¿’-ûÓçC. Ééπ\úø
anxious
èπ◊ •ü¿’©’
eager
¢√úø ç. Å®Ωn çäéπõ‰Å´ü¿’.
anxious
èπ◊,
worried
¢√úÌa.
d) The MD (Managing Director) is anxiousabout the loss in the profits of the company.Company
™«¶µ «© ûªí∫’_ü¿© í∫’Jç*
MD
ÇçüÓ∞¡†îÁ çü¿’-ûª’-Ø√oúø ’= Çü¿’®√l°æúø ’-ûª’-Ø√oúø ’.
Anxiety=
ÇçüÓ∞¡† (´÷†-Æœéπç)
e) She wants to see a psychiatrist about heranxiety=
ûª† ´÷†-Æœéπ ÇçüÓ∞¡† N≠æߪ’ç í∫’Jç* Ç¢Á’ ´÷†-Æœéπ ¢Á  jü¿’uúÕ o Ææ çv°æ-Cçî√-©†’-èπ◊çöçC.
iii)
Can't wait=
¢Ë* îª÷ÊÆ ã®Ω’p ™‰éπ§Ú-´ôç.
(wait
´÷´‚-©®Ωn ç áü¿’-®Ω’-îª÷-úøôç)
a) He can't wait to go to the US=
Å¢Á’-J-é¬èπ◊ á°æ ¤p-úÁ-°æ ¤púø’ ¢Á∞«l´÷ ņ’-èπ◊çô’-Ø√oúø ’.
b) He can't wait to meet his lover=
ûª† v°œßª ·-®√Lo  á°æ ¤p-úÁ-°æ ¤púø ’ éπ©’-Ææ’-èπ◊çü∆´÷ ÅE ÖØ√oúø ’.
iv)
impatient=
´÷´‚©’ Å®Ωn ç, ã®Ω ’p ™‰éπ§Ú-´ôç, ÅÆæ-£æ«†çí¬ Öçúøôç
(opposite of patient)a) He doesn't want to wait. He is impatient togo=
Åûª-úø ’ Çí∫ô癉ü¿’/ Çí¬©E ™‰ü¿-ûª-úÕéÀ– ¢ÁRx-§Ú-¢√-©E ûÌçü¿-®Ω-°æ-úø ’-ûª’-Ø√oúø ’.
b) He was impatient at my replies=
Ø√ Ææ´÷-üµ  ∆-Ø√-©éπûª-úø ’ ã®Ω’p éÓ™p-ߪ÷úø ’/ ÅÆæ-£æ «†ç v°æü¿-Jzçî√úø ’. ÉO Ñ Ø√©’í∫’
expressions
NNüµ¿ Å®√n©’,¢√úø ’éπ. OöÀE O’
conversation
™
practice
îËߪ’çúÕ. Å®Ωn-´çûª çí¬ Öçô’çC. Ééπ N’í∫û√ ´÷ô© Ææçí∫A îª÷ü∆l ç.
5)
I've packed up=
≤ƒ´÷†’xÆæ®Ω’l-éÓ´ôç– v°æߪ÷-ù« EéÀ, É©’x´÷®Ω-ö«EéÀ,
etc.a) Pack up and get out=
≤ƒ´÷†’xÆæ®Ω’l-éÌE ¢ÁRx§Ú.
b) He was packed up and is about to leave=
≤ƒ´÷†’xÆæ®Ω ’l-èπ◊E ¢Á∞¡x-ö«EéÀÆœü¿l ¥ çí¬ ÖØ√oúø ’.
c) Time for us to pack up=
´‚ö«-´·™„  xÆæ®Ω’l-éÌØË
time
´*açC.
7)
envy=
áEy– 'á— ØÌéÀ \ °æ©’-èπ◊û√ç= Ñ®Ω{ u, äéπJ-èπ◊†o  ´Ææ ’h´¤ ´’†èπ◊ ™‰éπ§ÚûË´îË a ¶«üµ  ¿– °æéπ\-¢√-∞¡xèπ◊ 鬮Ω’çC, ´’†èπ◊ ™‰ü¿’– Å°æ ¤púø ’
We envythem.
(¢√∞¡x çõ‰´’†èπ◊ Ñ®Ω  { u).
a) She envies her sister because she has more jewellery=
Ç¢Á’
sister
èπ◊ áèπ◊\´ †í∫©’çúøôçÇ¢Á’èπ◊ Ñ®Ω{ uí¬ ÖçC.
b) I envy your health=
Fèπ◊ Ç®Óí∫ uç ÖçC, Ø√èπ◊ ™‰ü¿’– Åçü¿’-´©xÑ®Ω{ u.
11)
Laze (about)=
à °æF îËߪ’-èπ◊çú≈
lazy
(≤Ú´’-J)í¬ Öçúøôç.
a) I like to laze about on the weekend=
¢√®√çûªç °æE-îË-ߪ’-èπ◊çú≈ ≤Ú´’-Jí¬ í∫úø-°æôçØ√éÀ≠æ  dç.
b) He wastes money and time. He Lazes about:Time,
úø•’s ´%ü∑  ∆ îË≤ƒhúø ’. ≤Ú´’-Jí¬ Öçö«úø ’.
c) Don't laze about. Do some work =
≤Ú´’-Jí¬ Öçúøèπ◊, àüÓ °æE-îÁß˝’.
12)
The nine month grind:grind
Åçõ‰– °œ çúÕ-îË-ߪ’ôç ÅØËC ´÷´‚©’ Å®Ωn ç.
a) We grindwheat into fine powder (flour) formaking chapathis =
íÓüµ  ¿’-´’†’ ´’†ç ƒ-B© éÓÆæ ç °œ çúÕîË≤ƒhç.
grind
èπ◊
past tense, past participle- ground.b) He ground the wheat into flour =
íÓüµ  ¿’-´’-©†’ °œ çúÕî˨»úø ’ (´’®Ω™)
flour = flower
™«
pronounce
îËߪ÷L– °∂æ  x-Å= °œ çúÕ.
wheat flour =
íÓüµ¿’´’ °œ çúÕ.é¬E Ééπ\úø 
grind
èπ◊ Å®Ωn ç – v¨¡´’, éπ%≠œ.
Nine month grind -
ûÌN’tC ØÁ©© v¨¡´’
c) I need at least a week's break after this grind
Éçûªv¨¡´’°æúÕ çûª®√yûª-Ø√èπ◊ éπFÆæ ç ¢√®Ωç Nv¨»çA Å´Ææ®Ωç.
d) Put him through the grind =
¢√úÕ o éπ≠æ  d-°æúÕ°æE-îË-ߪ’F.
e) Every trainee has to go through daily grind ofsix hour =
v°æA
trainee
(Péπ~ù §ÒçüË-¢√úø ’) ®ÓVèπ◊ Ç®Ω ’- í∫çô© v¨¡´’ îËߪ÷Lq Öçô’çC.
13)
get even =
°æí∫ B®Ω’aéÓ´ôç/ ÆæJ-Ææ-´÷†´’´ôç.
a) In most Indian movies the hero gets evenwith the villain =
î√™«
Indian movies
™ *´®Ωèπ◊
hero, villain
O’ü¿ °æí∫B®Ω’aèπ◊çö«úø ’.
b) In the 1st match India defeated Pak; but inthe next match, Pak got even withIndia.
¢Á ·ü¿öÀ 
match
™ ãúÕ
Pak,
È®çúÓ
match
™
India
ûÓ Ææ´÷-†-¢Á’i çC.
c) Next month when I go on a holiday, I geteven with you =
´îË a ØÁ© Ø√èπ◊
holiday
´*a†-°æ ¤púø ’ FûÓ ÆæJ- Ææ-´÷-†-´’-´¤-û√†’.
 
What a relief! I'm off
-Ççí∫    x- ¶µ  «- ≠æ-ù
152
Ççí∫    x- ¶µ  «-≠æ-ù
M. SURESAN
Spoken English
- §ƒûª- ¢√u≤ƒ©éÓÆæç - éÀ   x é˙-îË -ߪ ’ç-úÕ ..
URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm
II
 Ñ-Ø√úø ’    £j«ü¿ ®«ü˛- ¨¡-E- ¢√®Ωç 6 - ¢Ë  ’ 2006
 
Vikranth:
Any idea when Vijai is coming?
(Nïß˝’ á°æ ¤p--úÌÆæ’h-Ø√oúÓ ûÁ©’≤ƒ?)
Prasanth:
Not in the least. I don't know wherehe is now.
(ÅÆæ©’ ûÁMü¿’. ÅûªúÁéπ\-úø ’-Ø√oúÓ èπÿú≈ ûÁL-ߪ’ü¿’)
Vikranth:
I do not know what he wants fromme. He suddenly rang up yester-day to tell me he was coming. Hedidn't make clear why he wouldsee me.
¢√úÕéÀ Ø√†’ç* àç 鬢√™ Ø√èπ◊ ûÁL-ߪ’-úø ç™‰ü¿’. Ö†o-ô’d çúÕE†o 
Phone
îËÆœ´Ææ’h-Ø√o-†E îÁ§ƒpúø ’. †ØÁ oçü¿’èπ◊ éπ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-¢√-©-†’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√oúÓ Ææp≠æ  dçí¬îÁ°æ p-™‰ü¿’
Prasanth:
I don't see why you didn't ask himwhen exactly he wanted to come.We have work now. We don't knowwhether to wait for him here or to goabout our work.
(ûª†’
correct
í¬ á°æ¤p-úÌ-≤ƒhúÓ†’¢Á yçü¿’èπ◊ Åúø-í∫-™‰üÓ Ø√éπ®Ω  n ç 鬴ôç ™‰ü¿’. ´’†- Íé¢Á ÷ °æ†’ç-C. ¢√úÕéÓÆæ ç ´’†N’éπ\úø 
wait
îËߪ÷™ ´’† °æE O’ü¿¢Á∞«x™ ûÁMúø ç ™‰ü¿’)
Vikranth:
I insisted that he tell me the pur-pose of his meeting, but he would-n't. I don't know why.
Prasanth:
Did you atleast ask him how hewould becoming?
(éπFÆæ ç ᙫ ´≤ƒhúÓ ÅúÕ-í¬¢√?)
Vikranth:
No.
Prasanth:
I don't see how you could be soindifferent. you could have fixed atime for his meeting us.
(Åçûª E®Ωx-éπ~uçí¬ á™« Öçúø-í∫-L-í¬¢Ó Å®Ωn ç 鬴ôç ™‰ü¿’. Åûªúø ’ ´’†Lo éπ©’-Ææ ’-éÌØË
time
Å®·Ø√ E®Ωg-®·ç* ÖçúÌa éπü∆?)
Vikranth:
Look here, Prasanth. Not that Icould not ask him all that. I wasabout to. But then he disconnected.
(Åü¿çû√ Åúø-í∫-™‰Íéç é¬ü¿’. Åúøí∫¶ßË ’- ™í¬
Phone
°õ‰  d-¨»úø ’.)
Prasanth:
Why didn't you call him again?
(´’Sx†’¢Á yçü¿’èπ◊
Phone
îËߪ’-™‰ü¿’?)
Vikranth:
I didn't know which Phone he wascalling from. I saw the number onmy cell and called. He called from apublic Phone.
Phone
™ç* ´÷ö«x-úø ’-ûª’-Ø√oúÓ Ø√èπ◊ ûÁL-ߪ’-™‰ü¿’.
Cell
™ Ç
number
îª÷Æœ 
phone
î˨»†’. ÅC
PublicPhone
)
Prasanth:
I am not able to say whose fault itis.
(ÅC á´J §Ò®Ω-§ƒö ؈’ îÁ°æ p-™‰-èπ◊çú≈ ÖØ√o†’)
We are unable to decide what wehave to do now.
(É°æ ¤púø ’ ´’†ç àç îËߪ÷™ ûË©’aéÓ™‰- èπ◊çú≈ ÖØ√oç)
Vikranth:
Ah here he is! He has come.
(Ç.. ´î√aúË  x)
Prasanth:
What a relief!
(Å•s ´î√aúø ’ éπü∆!)Ñ≤ƒJ †’ç* é¬Ææ  h
advanced level ofconversational skills
îª÷ü∆l ç. Åçü¿’-éπE î√™« ñ«ví∫-ûª  hí¬ í∫´’-EççúÕ.
Now look at the following sentencesfrom the conversation above.
1) Any idea whenVijai is coming?2) Not in the least. I don't know wherehe isnow.3) I do not know whathe wants from me.4) He didn't make clear whyhe would see me.5) I don't see whyyou didn't ask him whenexactly he wanted to come.6) We do not know whetherto wait for himhere or go about our work.7) I insisted thathe tell me the purpose of hismeeting.8) I don't know why9) Did you at least ask him howhe would becoming.10) I don't see howyou could be so indifferent11) I didn't know whichphone he was callingfrom.12) I am not able to say whose faultit is.
´’†ç Éçûªèπ◊ ´·çü¿’
clauses
†’ í∫’Jç*ûÁ©’Ææ’èπ◊Ø√oç éπü∆. ´’®Ó≤ƒJ í∫’®Ω’h îËÆæ’-èπ◊çü∆ç.
Aclause is a group of words with a verb.(verb
ÖçúË 
group of words
†’
clause
Åçö«ç éπü∆.)
In most sentences above, they are clausesbeginning with 'wh' words (why, what,when, where, which, who, whom, whose,and how)
Ñ
'wh' clauses
´’†
daily conversation
™
very common.
ûÁ©’-í∫’™ ´’†ç ´÷ö«x-úË-ô°æ ¤púø ’ áçü¿’èπ◊, á´JûÓ, áçûÓ, á´JüÓ, ᙫíÓ, ÅØË¢√-öÀE
sentences
™ ¢√úø ’-ûª’çö«ç éπü∆. ÅC
English
™ ´÷ö«xúËô°æ ¤púø ÷ Öçô’çC. Öü∆-£æ «®Ω- ùèπ◊ °j¢√öÀ™x 
I don't know where he is now
ÅØËC BÆæ’èπ◊çü∆ç = ¢√úÁ-éπ\-úø ’-Ø√oúÓ Ø√èπ◊ ûÁMü¿’.
Where he is
Åûª-ØÁ-éπ\úøÖØ√oúÓ.
let us take the clauses which beginwith 'wh' words in the other sentences:
1) Any idea when vijai is coming=
Nïß˝’ á°æ ¤p--úÌ≤ƒhúÓé-´’Ø√o 
idea
Öçü∆?3)
I do not know what he wantsfrom me =
¢√úÕéÀ Ø√†’ç* àç 鬢√™Ø√èπ◊ ûÁL-ߪ’úø ç ™‰ü¿’. 4)
He didn't make clear why he would see me
¢√úø ’-†-ØÁ oçü¿’èπ◊ ÷ú≈©†’-èπ◊çô’-ØoúÓÆæ p≠æ  d ç îËߪ’-™‰ü¿’. 5)
a) I don't see why you didn't ask him =
†’¢Á yçü¿’èπ◊ Åúø-í∫-™‰üÓØ√éπ®Ω  n ç 鬴ôç ™‰ü¿’.
(see =
îª÷úøôç, éπ©’-Ææ’-éÓ´ôç, Å®Ωn ç îËÆæ’-éÓ ´ôç)
b).... when exactly he wanted to come
=á°æ¤púø ’
correct
í¬ ®√¢√-©†’-èπ◊Ø√oúÓ
6) We do not know whether to wait him for orto go about our work=
´’†ç ÅûªúÕéÓÆæ ç îª÷ú≈™ ™‰ü∆ ´’† °æE-O’ü¿¢Á∞«xûÁL-ߪ’úø ç ™‰ü¿’.
(Whether
N’í∫û√
'wh' words
™«çöÀC é¬ü¿’
choice express
îËߪ’-ö«EéÀ ¢√úË´÷ô) 8)
I don't know why =
áçü¿’éÓûÁMü¿’9)
Did you atleast ask him how he would becoming=
ᙫ ´≤ƒhúÓÅØÁjØ√ ÅúÕ-í¬¢√? 10)
I don't see how you could be so indifferent =
ÅçûªE®Ωx-éπ~uçí¬ á™« Öçúø-í∫-L-í¬¢ÓØ√éπ®Ω  n ç 鬴 úø ç™‰ü¿’
11) I didn't know which phone he was callingfrom =
à
phone
†’ç* îËÆæ’h-Ø√oúÓ Ø√èπ◊ ûÁM-™‰ü¿’. 12)
I am not able to saywhose fault it is =
ÅC á´J ûª§Úp؈’îÁ°æp-™‰-éπ§Ú-ûª’-Ø√o†’. °j
underline
îËÆœ
clause
©Fo èπÿú≈
'wh' word clauses.
Å®·ûËäéπ ´·êu N≠æߪ’çÉN
'wh' words
ûÓ v§ƒ®Ω ç¶µ º´’´¤ûª’Ø√o,
ques-tions
鬴¤ ÅE í∫´’-Eçî√L. Åçü¿’-éπØËÅN
question structure (wh+verb+subject/whword + Helping verb + Sub +Main verb)
™™‰´¤, Öçúø-èπÿúøü¿’. ÉN
'wh' word
ûÓ v§ƒ®Ω綵º¢Á’i†-°æpöÀéÃ,
statement
™ ¶µ «í¬™‰éπü∆ Åçü¿’éπE
statement structure. statement
™ á°æ ¤púø ÷´·çü¿’í¬
subject
ûª®Ω¢√ûª 
verb
´≤ƒh®·.Åçü¿’-éπE Ééπ\úøèπÿú≈
wh word
ûÓ ´îË a 
claus-es
ÅEoçöÀ™
wh word
ûª®Ω¢√ûª 
sub+verbstructure
™ Öçú≈L.
eg:
Åûªúø ’ É°æ ¤p-úÁ-éπ\-úø ’-Ø√oúÓ Ø√èπ◊ ûÁMü¿’. O’éÃ-§ƒ-öÀéÀûÁLÊÆ Öçô’çC.
english
™
wordorder
°æü∆© Å´’-Jéπ
sentence
™ ûÁ©’í∫’
wordorder
èπ◊ î√™«´®Ωèπ◊
opposite
í¬ Öçô’çC.èπ◊úÕáúø´’ Å´¤ûª’çC. 鬕-öÀ  d°j 
sentence
ᙫ
begin
îË≤ƒhç?
I dont know
ûÓ
I dont know when he will be here.(when willhe be here
é¬ü¿’ éπü∆?) Éçé¬ îª÷úø çúÕ.
a)
á´J-E °œ©’-≤ƒh-úøØËC ¢√úÕéÀÆæ ç•çCµ ç*† N≠æߪ’ç
= who he is going to invite (whom - old fash-ioned) is his business.b)
¢√úÕ´’†-Ææ’™ à´·çüÓ á´JéÀûÁ©’Ææ’?
who knows what he has in his mind?
(Ééπ\úø 
who knows
¶µ «í∫ ç
question.
Åçü¿’-éπE
question mark.)c)
Ç °æ¤-Ææ  héπç áéπ\-úø ’çüÓ Fèπ◊ ûÁ©’≤ƒ? =
Do you know where the book is?
(´’Sxí∫´’-EçîªçúÕ 
where the book is =
°æ ¤Ææ  héπçáéπ\úøÖçC? ÅE é¬ü¿’ Å®Ω  n ç. '°æ ¤Ææ  héπç áéπ\úø ÖçüÓ— ÅE
d)
Åûª-ØÁ°æ ¤púÌÆæ’h-Ø√oúÓ FÈé-´®ΩØ√o îÁ§ƒp®√? =
Has any one told you when he will be com-ing?
Å™«Íí Ñ éÀ çC 2
sentence
èπÿ ûËú≈ îª÷úø çúÕ:
1 a) why didhe gothere? I want to know
Ñ È®çúø ’
sentences
†÷ éπL°œÅ†çúÕ:
b) I want to know why he wentthere.a)
™E ¢Á ·ü¿öÀ 
sentence question
鬕öÀ  d 
whydid he go?
Åçö«ç.
b)
È®çúø ’
sentences
éπL°œÅçô’Ø√oç 鬕öÀ  d
I want to know why he went there
Åçö«ç.
2 a) where didhe buyit?I wish to know
Ñ È®çúø ’
sentence
†÷ éπL°œ äéπ
sen-tences
í¬ Åçõ‰Å°æ ¤p-úË-´’-´¤-ûª’çC?
I wish toknow where he brought it
Åçö«ç.É™«çöÀC ¶«í¬
practice
îËߪ÷L ´’†
con-versation
¶«í¬
free
í¬,
fluent
í¬ Öçú≈©çõ‰´·êuçí¬ É™«çöÀÆæ çü¿-®√s¥™xÅ®Ω  n ç îËÆæ’-éÓ¢√- LqçC
'wh' words
ûÓ v§ƒç¶µ º´’ßË ’uN á°æ ¤púø ÷
questions
Å´†-éπ\-®Ω-™‰-ü¿F,
wh word
ûÓ v§ƒ®Ω綵 º´’ßË ’u
clauses statement structure
™èπÿú≈ Öçö«ßª’E.
exercise: practise the following in EnglishVilas:
†’¢Á y-°æ ¤úø ’ AJ-íÌ≤ƒh¢Ó Ø√èπ◊
correct
í¬ îÁ°æp-™‰ü¿’.
Kailas:
á°æ ¤p-úÌ≤ƒhØÓ Ø√Íé
correct idea
™‰ü¿’
Vilas:
kumar
FûÓ îÁ°æ p-™‰ü∆ Ç°æ-EéÀáçûª 
time
°æúø ’-ûª’çüÓ †E?
Kailas:
¢√úÕéÀ 
phone
îËߪ÷-©†’-èπ◊çô’Ø√o.¢√úÁ-éπ\-úø ’-Ø√oúÓ Ø√èπ◊ ûÁMü¿’. ¢√úËØ√èπ◊
phone
îË≤ƒh-†-Ø√oúø ’. Éçûª-´®Ωèπ◊ áçü¿’èπ◊
phone
îËߪ’-™‰üÓ Å®Ωn ç 鬴ô癉ü¿’.
Vilas:
Ææ Í®. ¢√úÕéÀ 
phone
îËÆœ´’Sx†’¢Á y-°æ ¤púø ’ ®√í∫- ©¢Ó Ø√ûÓ îÁ°æ ¤p. ´’†ç á°æ ¤púø ’ •ßª’-™‰  l-®√™ E®Ωg®·çî√¢√?
Kailas:
ØËØÁ™« E®Ω  g-®·çîª-í∫-©†’ ØËØÁ-°æ ¤p--úÌ≤ƒhØÓ Ø√Íé ûÁL-ߪ’-éπ§ÚûË?
Vilas:
Å®·ûË 
kumar
èπ◊ ¢Á çôØË 
phone
îËÆœ
decide
îÁ®·u.
Answer:Vilas:
you haven't (have not) told me correct-ly when you will return.
Kailas:
I dont my self/ I myself
(Ø√Íé)
have acorrect idea when I will return
Vilas:
Hasn't kumar told you how much timeit will take?
Kailas:
I want to call him. I don't know wherehe is. He said he would call me. I don'tsee why he hasn't phoned me.
Vilas:
OK. Phone him and tell me when youcan come back again. Have you decid-ed when we should return.
Kailas:
when I don't know myself when I willreturn
Vilas:
Then phone kumar and decide.
 
Who knows what he has in his mind?
-Ççí∫    x-¶µ  «- ≠æ-ù
153
Ççí∫    x- ¶µ  «- ≠æ-ù
M. SURESAN
Spoken English
- §ƒûª- ¢√u≤ƒ©éÓÆæç - éÀ   x é˙-îË -ߪ ’ç-úÕ ..
URL: http://www.eenadu.net/spoken/spoken.htm
II
 Ñ-Ø√úø ’    £j«ü¿ ®«ü˛--≤Ú-´’¢√®Ωç 8 -¢Ë  ’ 2006

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