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Atlas 7B Shaper Contour Cutting

Atlas 7B Shaper Contour Cutting

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Published by 6killer

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Published by: 6killer on May 04, 2009
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05/16/2012

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CUT RIGHT AND LEFT-DOWN
FEED .015 TO .025 PER PASS
CONTOUR WORK WITH
By
Sam Brown
LTHOUGH primarily a machine for cutting flat surfaces,the metal shaper often gets first call when it comes tomachining contours. Many cuts of this kind are circular inshape, permitting the use of mechanical setups which assureclean and accurate work. Work of a more intricate nature canreadily be worked freehand—there is no shape too complicatedfor the action of the single-point cutting tool.
Convex circular cuts:
Work of this kind must be mounted insome kind of attachment which permits rotation about a center.A typical job is rounding the end of a piece of flat stock, Fig. 1.Usually such curves are worked around a central hole whichprovides for simple chucking on a bolt or mandrel held in athree or four-jaw chuck. A shaper indexing head completes
CENTER WORKUNDER TOOL
CUTTING
TOOL
WORK
FEED
A
ROUNDNOSE TOOL
FOR ROUGHING CUT
SQUARENOSE TOOL
FOR FINISH CUT
RIB OR KEY
DRIVING
DOG
WORK
 
I
A METAL SHAPER
the setup. The indexing pin is locked outsince it plays no part in the operation. Thespindle lock is tightened until the spindleturns with a slight drag when turned witha wrench. Then with the shaper running,feed the work by means of a wrench ap-plied to the end of the spindle, Fig. 1. Cutscan be made both right and left, using adownfeed of about .015 per pass for steeland considerably more for aluminum andplastics. The manual feed with wrench isdone on the backstroke and is quite easy to
do once you pick up the rhythm of the ram
running at 50 to 80 strokes per minute.Almost perfect work can be done by usinga roundnose tool bit for both roughing andfinishing. Alternately, you can change toa flatnose cutter; this will form a fairlygood surface even when the manual feedwith wrench is somewhat irregular. Goingover the work twice on the final cut givesextra smoothness. If the work is too longto swing over the shaper table, the indexhead should be mounted in the left-handtable groove. This will allow the work tohang alongside the shaper table, permitting
OCTOBER 1958
219
TOOL
HEAD
DESIRED
RADIUS
CENTER WORK
UNDER TOOLMAKE SUCCESSIVECUTS WITH APPROX.
.015 DOWNFEED
BODY
WORM, ¾" DIA.
(STEEL)
MOUNTING POSTMOUNTING POSTRADIUS TOOLFULL SIZE
SCREWDRIVER SLOT
TOOL BIT
TOOLHEAD
SIDE PLATE
¼" x
1"
SPINDLETOOLHEADCOLLARWORM GEAR, ) 1½" DIA.(BRONZE)WORM GEAR
½" SHAFT
CLAPPER
 
the handling of pieces upto about 3 ft. long. A gainof about 2 in. in work swing can be obtained bymounting the index headon raising blocks or on top of the rotaryindex table.Some workpieces may be too long toallow direct chucking, and in this case youmount the work between centers or on amandrel mounted between centers just asin a lathe. The shaper indexing-center at-tachment is used for work of this kind,
Fig. 2. As before, the manual feed is ap-
plied by means of a wrench on the end of the spindle. Initial turning and boring of the work to fit the mandrel is done on thelathe. Odd-shaped work can be mountedon an angle plate or face plate in much thesame fashion as for lathe work.
Radius tool:
An attachment for makingconcave cuts is commonly called a radiustool. A shop-made tool, Figs. 3, 4 and 5,will handle concave cuts from ¾-in. toabout 2½-in. radius. The construction of the radius tool is a fairly simple machine job. The attachment is bolted to the tool-post clapper as in Fig. 3. The projection of the cutter must be exactly the requiredradius, Fig. 3, and the work must be cen-tered under the tool head. The traversefeed is made manually by turning the han-dle of the radius tool; a downfeed of about.015 per pass is used for work in steel.
Freehand work:
Much of the contourwork done on the shaper is a freehand op-eration, dependent on the eye and skill of the operator. Figs. 6 and 7 picture and de-tail a typical job. The required shape isplainly marked on the end of the work.Using a roundnose cutter, the excess metalis removed by means of successive stepcuts.In work of this kind the automatic powerfeed is used for each pass; the operator'spart of the job lies in setting the downfeed.
220
ROUNDNOSE TOOL
POWER FEED
TOUCHING
CUT
FEED OFF WORK
WHERE POSSIBLE
WORK
WORK
FINISH
CUT
TILT CUTTING TOOL
TO APPROX. ANGLEOF WORK

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