the handling of pieces upto about 3 ft. long. A gainof about 2 in. in work swing can be obtained bymounting the index headon raising blocks or on top of the rotaryindex table.Some workpieces may be too long toallow direct chucking, and in this case youmount the work between centers or on amandrel mounted between centers just asin a lathe. The shaper indexing-center at-tachment is used for work of this kind,
Fig. 2. As before, the manual feed is ap-
plied by means of a wrench on the end of the spindle. Initial turning and boring of the work to fit the mandrel is done on thelathe. Odd-shaped work can be mountedon an angle plate or face plate in much thesame fashion as for lathe work.
An attachment for makingconcave cuts is commonly called a radiustool. A shop-made tool, Figs. 3, 4 and 5,will handle concave cuts from ¾-in. toabout 2½-in. radius. The construction of the radius tool is a fairly simple machine job. The attachment is bolted to the tool-post clapper as in Fig. 3. The projection of the cutter must be exactly the requiredradius, Fig. 3, and the work must be cen-tered under the tool head. The traversefeed is made manually by turning the han-dle of the radius tool; a downfeed of about.015 per pass is used for work in steel.
Much of the contourwork done on the shaper is a freehand op-eration, dependent on the eye and skill of the operator. Figs. 6 and 7 picture and de-tail a typical job. The required shape isplainly marked on the end of the work.Using a roundnose cutter, the excess metalis removed by means of successive stepcuts.In work of this kind the automatic powerfeed is used for each pass; the operator'spart of the job lies in setting the downfeed.
FEED OFF WORK
TILT CUTTING TOOL
TO APPROX. ANGLEOF WORK