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Kepler Triangle and Tiling

Kepler Triangle and Tiling

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A brief article on Kepler Triangle and its use in developing aperiodic tiling , with an illustration and image...easy to follow and construct...of interest to artists, tessellation artists and mathematicians and math students...can be used by architecs for decorating floors or walls and for quilt makers.
A brief article on Kepler Triangle and its use in developing aperiodic tiling , with an illustration and image...easy to follow and construct...of interest to artists, tessellation artists and mathematicians and math students...can be used by architecs for decorating floors or walls and for quilt makers.

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Dr Srinivasan Nenmeli -K on Jun 20, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/01/2013

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KeplerTriangleandTilings
DrNKSrinivasan
Introduction
Keplertriangleisauniqueright-angletrianglewiththesidesintheratio:1:sqrt(phi):phi,
wherephiistheGoldenRatioGR=1.618......
Wecanbuildtilingpatternswiththistrianglewhichisaperiodic,likethewell-knownRogerPenrosetiling.
KeplertriangleandtilingpatternswereexploredbythefamousastronomerJohannesKeplerandlaterseveralartist-mathematiciansdevelopedthistopic.
TILINGS
Letusbrieflydiscussthetilingpatternsthatarefamiliartoallofus...infloortiling,wallhangings,quiltsandsoon.
Simpletilingcanbemadewithsquaresandrectanglesas
 
mosttilingsare.Thetilingpatternshouldsatisfythecriteriathatthetilesfitwellwithoutgapsoroverlapbetweenthetiles.
Movingawayfromthesquareandtherectangle,itiseasytobuildtilingusingregularpolygonsofside3and6---thatis,usingequilateraltrianglesandhexagonsofequalsides.
Thesetilingsareperiodic,inthesensethattheyhavetranslational,rotationalandreflectivesymmetries,
overtheenitireareaoftiling.
Whatabouttilingsmadeoutofregularpentagonwithallthefivesidesofequallengthandtheinternalangleof
(n-2)pi/n=(3/5)180=108.
Itturnsoutthatwecannotmakeaperiodictilingwiththeregularpentagon,butonly"aperiodictiling"inwhichwehavelocalfive-foldsymmetry,butthatdoesnotextendoverlargerareas.
Whilemanyearlyartistsusedperiodictilings---forinstanceAlbrechtDurerandMSEscher,withremarkablepictures,RogerPenroseinvestigatedtheconstructionoftilingsusingregularpentagons.
 
RogerPenrose[aprofessorofmathematicsandastro-physicistatOxfordUniversity]developedaperiodictilingwithfivefoldsymmetryusingisoscelestrianglesofthekind:72-36-72anglesand36-108-36angles.Twosuchtrianglescanbecombinedintorhombuses,calledthickandthinrhombuses.
PenroseandMartinGardeneralsoshowedhowthesetilingscanbemadeusing'kite'and'dart'configurationas"prototiles"withthetriangle72-36-72.
[Notethatcos{pi/5]=cos72isclosetophi/2=0.806.]
Keplertrianglesfortiling
KeplertrianglesembodytheGoldenratioandcanbeeasilyusedforaperiodictiling.Ihavebeenstudyingthisandonesmalltilingisshowninthefigure.

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