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Kepler Triangle and Tiling

# Kepler Triangle and Tiling

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A brief article on Kepler Triangle and its use in developing aperiodic tiling , with an illustration and image...easy to follow and construct...of interest to artists, tessellation artists and mathematicians and math students...can be used by architecs for decorating floors or walls and for quilt makers.
A brief article on Kepler Triangle and its use in developing aperiodic tiling , with an illustration and image...easy to follow and construct...of interest to artists, tessellation artists and mathematicians and math students...can be used by architecs for decorating floors or walls and for quilt makers.

Categories:Topics, Art & Design

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10/01/2013

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KeplerTriangleandTilings
DrNKSrinivasan
Introduction
Keplertriangleisauniqueright-angletrianglewiththesidesintheratio:1:sqrt(phi):phi,
wherephiistheGoldenRatioGR=1.618......
Wecanbuildtilingpatternswiththistrianglewhichisaperiodic,likethewell-knownRogerPenrosetiling.
KeplertriangleandtilingpatternswereexploredbythefamousastronomerJohannesKeplerandlaterseveralartist-mathematiciansdevelopedthistopic.
TILINGS
Letusbrieflydiscussthetilingpatternsthatarefamiliartoallofus...infloortiling,wallhangings,quiltsandsoon.

mosttilingsare.Thetilingpatternshouldsatisfythecriteriathatthetilesfitwellwithoutgapsoroverlapbetweenthetiles.
Movingawayfromthesquareandtherectangle,itiseasytobuildtilingusingregularpolygonsofside3and6---thatis,usingequilateraltrianglesandhexagonsofequalsides.
Thesetilingsareperiodic,inthesensethattheyhavetranslational,rotationalandreflectivesymmetries,
overtheenitireareaoftiling.
(n-2)pi/n=(3/5)180=108.
Itturnsoutthatwecannotmakeaperiodictilingwiththeregularpentagon,butonly"aperiodictiling"inwhichwehavelocalfive-foldsymmetry,butthatdoesnotextendoverlargerareas.
Whilemanyearlyartistsusedperiodictilings---forinstanceAlbrechtDurerandMSEscher,withremarkablepictures,RogerPenroseinvestigatedtheconstructionoftilingsusingregularpentagons.

RogerPenrose[aprofessorofmathematicsandastro-physicistatOxfordUniversity]developedaperiodictilingwithfivefoldsymmetryusingisoscelestrianglesofthekind:72-36-72anglesand36-108-36angles.Twosuchtrianglescanbecombinedintorhombuses,calledthickandthinrhombuses.