2013-06-20 7:55 PMTrafficking in Persons Report 2013: Topics of Special InterestPage 1 of 16http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2013/210544.htm
Topics of Special Interest
HUMAN TRAFFICKING DEFINED
The TVPA defines “severe forms of trafficking in persons” as:a.
sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coer-cion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 yearsof age; or b.
the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person forlabor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of sub- jection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.A victim need
be physically transported from one location to another in order forthe crime to fall within these definitions.
WHO CAN IDENTIFY TRAFFICKING VICTIMS?
For reasons discussed throughout the
it is important for a variety of govern-ment officials, private sector professionals, community workers, and others who mayencounter trafficking victims to be trained, legally empowered, and given incentivesto identify victims. Individuals who maybe particularly well placed to identify traf-ficking victims include:
Government officials who inspect
or have access to establishments where traffickingmay occur are uniquely positioned to identify trafficking victims: labor inspectors,port inspectors, factory inspectors, food industry inspectors, consular officers, agri-cultural inspectors, housing inspectors, tax authorities, and postal workers.
Private sector employees
who may encounter trafficking victims in the places inwhich they work— employees of hotels, restaurants, bars, beauty parlors, and gro-cery stores.
Law enforcement officers
who are on the front lines of crime and are often thosewho have primary contact with trafficking victims—all police (sometimes traffickingvictims are identified through investigations of non-trafficking crimes), immigrationofficers, and border guards.