EFSA Journal 2010;8(4):1537
Suggested citation: EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources (ANS); Scientific Opinion on safety of steviolglycosides for the proposed uses as a food additive. EFSA Journal 2010;8(4):1537. [85 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1537.Available online:www.efsa.europa.eu
© European Food Safety Authority, 2010
SCIENTIFIC OPINIONScientific Opinion on the safety of steviol glycosides for the proposed uses as a food additive
EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS)
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy
Steviol glycosides in the present evaluation are mixtures of steviol glycosides that comprise not less than 95% of stevioside and/or rebaudioside A. Stevioside as a sweetener was evaluated by the SCF in 1984, 1989 and 1999.JECFA reviewed the safety of steviol glycosides in 2000, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2009 and established an ADIfor steviol glycosides (expressed as steviol equivalents) of 4 mg/kg bw/day. The Panel considers that the resultsof toxicology studies on either stevioside or rebaudioside A are applicable for the safety assessment of steviolglycosides as both rebaudioside A and stevioside are metabolised and excreted by similar pathways, with steviol being the common metabolite for both. Considering the available toxicity data (
animalstudies and some human tolerance studies), the Panel concludes that steviol glycosides, complying with JECFAspecifications, are not carcinogenic, genotoxic or associated with any reproductive/developmental toxicity. ThePanel establishes an ADI for steviol glycosides, expressed as steviol equivalents, of 4 mg/kg bw/day based onapplication of a 100-fold uncertainty factor to the NOAEL in the 2-year carcinogenicity study in the rat of 2.5%stevioside in the diet. This is equal to 967 mg stevioside/kg bw/day (corresponding to approximately 388 mgsteviol equivalents/kg bw/day). Conservative estimates of steviol glycosides exposures both in adults and inchildren suggest that it is likely that the ADI would be exceeded at the maximum proposed use levels.
Steviol glycosides, stevioside, rebaudioside A, Stevia.
On request from the European Commission, Question No EFSA-Q-2007-071; EFSA-Q-2008-387; EFSA-Q-2008-401,adopted on 10 March 2010.2 Panel members: F. Aguilar, U.R. Charrondiere, B. Dusemund, P. Galtier, J. Gilbert, D.M. Gott, S. Grilli, R. Gürtler, J.König, C. Lambré, J-C. Larsen, J-C. Leblanc, A. Mortensen, D. Parent-Massin, I. Pratt, I.M.C.M. Rietjens, I. Stankovic, P.Tobback, T. Verguieva, R.A. Woutersen. Correspondence:email@example.com 3 Acknowledgement: The Panel wishes to thank the members of the Working Group A on Food Additives and NutrientSources of the ANS Panel for the preparation of this opinion: F. Aguilar, N. Bemrah, P. Galtier, J. Gilbert, S. Grilli, R.Gürtler, NG. Ilback, C. Lambré, J.C. Larsen, J-C. Leblanc, A. Mortensen, I. Pratt, I. Stankovic, C. Tlustos.