Crime laboratory data
are from the National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS),U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) queried on May 7, 2013 according to location ofseizure. All federal, state and local laboratory data are included in the total number of drugitems seized as primary, secondary or tertiary drugs in the 7-county metropolitan area includingthe counties of Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott and Washington in calendar2012. St. Paul crime lab data were not reported after May 2012.
Arrestee drug use data
are from the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program conducted bythe Office of National Drug Control Policy of the Executive Office of the President. HennepinCounty participated in this program through 2011.
Arrestees were sampled to represent alladult male arrestees booked in each 24-hour period over one consecutive 21-day datacollection period. Data were statistically annualized to represent the entire year.
Drug seizure and arrest data
are from the multijurisdictional drug and violent crime task forcesthat operate throughout the State, compiled by the Office of Justice Programs, MinnesotaDepartment of Public Safety (through 2012). As of January 2012, there were 23 drug and violentcrime task forces operating throughout Minnesota, staffed by more than 200 investigators frommore than 120 agencies.
Prescription drug data
are from the Minnesota Prescription Monitoring Program, MinnesotaBoard of Pharmacy. In April 2013, 566,453 prescriptions were dispensed and reported to theMinnesota Prescription Monitoring Program. As of March 2013, roughly 30 percent of Minnesotaprescribers were enrolled in this system.
Data on hepatitis C virus (HCV)
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
arefrom the Minnesota Department of Health (through 2012).
is from interviews with addiction treatment providers, narcotics agents,and school-based drug specialists (ongoing).
Most indicators related to cocaine have fallen continuously in the Twin Cities area over the pastseveral years. Cocaine-related deaths declined in both major metropolitan counties in 2012.See exhibit 1. In Ramsey County, there were three cocaine-related deaths in 2012, comparedwith six in 2011. All were White males and the average age was 42.3 years. In HennepinCounty, there were 18 cocaine-related deaths in 2012, compared with 28 in 2011, and 59 in2007. Three listed cocaine toxicity as the cause of death, and 15 listed recent cocaine use as asignificant condition contributing to the death. Nine decedents were African-American; sevenwere White (including one stillborn); and two were Hispanic. The age ranged from 20 to 60 withan average age of 41.6 years.Cocaine-involved visits at Twin Cities hospital emergency departments declined 36.7 percentfrom 2006 to 2011, although rose slightly from 4,121 to 4,279 from 2010 to 2011. See exhibit 2.The number of cocaine-related treatment admissions declined 52.5 percent from 2007 to 2012.See exhibit 3. Cocaine was the primary substance problem for 5.2 percent of total treatmentadmissions in both 2012 and 2011 (exhibit 4), compared with 14.1 percent of admissions in