In regards to the introduction and preamble we support the content andreferences to erroneous doctrines, and how they and colonization havemanifested gross injustice affecting all Indigenous Peoples. We thank thedrafters for their work.However, with regards to the fifth paragraph of the preamble, we ask that thereference discrimination with regards to race, gender, language or religion beextended to cover discrimination based on areas of age, disability and sexualorientation, and that document consider referencing at this part cross sectorialdisadvantage. We ask that at this point specific reference is made to thevulnerabilities of Indigenous women, children and youth.Also with regards to the 5
paragraphs, we ask that where the termseconomic, social and cultural are mentioned, that the word ‘educational’ ismentioned.Finally, in support of the Global Indigenous Women’s Caucus, we ask for theinclusion in the preamble about the situation of violence against women andgirls and that the drafters consider the Declaration developed by theIndigenous women who this year attended the 57
Session on the Commissionof the Status of Women. We need to define violence from the perspective of Indigenous women who are exposed to a diverse form of mental, physical andsexual violence.
Theme 1: Indigenous Peoples’ lands, territories andresources
Regarding the First Theme, as noted above, our key recommendation is thatthe theme expressly refer to waters and oceans as well as lands, territories andresources.In regards to recommendation 4, we suggest that the first paragraph could betightened and that the first sentence is too long. We recommend that thesecond sentence be deleted, and that instead a special reference to women,children and youth (and other areas of cross sectorial discrimination) bereferred to in the preamble instead. Our suggested, amended text is as follows:
“Recommend that States uphold and respect the self determination of Indigenous Peoples to exercise their inalienable right to full sovereignty over their natural wealth and resources and recognize that IndigenousPeoples are entitled to participate in, contribute to and enjoy economic,social, cultural, educational and political development. IndigenousPeoples have the right to give or not to give their free, prior andinformed consent when external utilization of these natural wealth andresources is sought. Where development is already occurring States, withthe full, equal and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples, must