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Pacific Statements (combined) regarding Alta Indigenous Peoples Outcome Document 2013

Pacific Statements (combined) regarding Alta Indigenous Peoples Outcome Document 2013

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The combined statements made by the Pacific Caucus to the Global Indigenous Peoples preparatory conference, Alta, Norway, 1-12 June 2013, for the UN World Conference on Indigenous Peoples 2014.
The combined statements made by the Pacific Caucus to the Global Indigenous Peoples preparatory conference, Alta, Norway, 1-12 June 2013, for the UN World Conference on Indigenous Peoples 2014.

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Published by: Catherine Murupaenga-Ikenn on Jun 22, 2013
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09/30/2013

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PACIFIC CAUCUSCOMBINED STATEMENTS ON OUTCOMEDOCUMENT
Language
We would first like to make some general comments on language.First is the reference throughout the document to ‘Peoples and Nations’. ThePacific considers that it is more appropriate to only refer to ‘Peoples’ and not‘Peoples and Nations’.Second is the use of the term Indigenous. We ask that the word be capitalizedin all instances throughout the document where it refers to us as Peoples. Thisis for consistency (as it is currently inconsistent through the document) and wenote that when the word is used to refer to us as Peoples, it should denote aproper noun rather than an adjective. Third is the use of the terms ‘lands, resources and territories’. In this regard,we suggest that the current minor reference to waters in first recommendationof Theme One is not sufficient. The Pacific strongly recommend that each timethis is referred to, that ‘waters and oceans’ is also mentioned so that it reads:“lands, territories, resources, waters and oceans”. This is because generallyunder UN language the term land includes dry land as well as submerged landsincluding reefs and atols. It does include the water itself. The term ‘waters’refers to fresh water including sea ice. The term ‘oceans’ refers to salt waters.Fourth, where the term knowledge or knowledges is referred to we ask that thewords ‘and knowledge systems’ also be included.Fifth, in regards to repetition, and to reduce the word count, we suggest thatthe World Conference on Indigenous Peoples and the Declaration on the Rightsof Indigenous Peoples be referred to once only and there after referred to as‘the Conference’ and ‘the Declaration’ respectively.Finally, we ask that the drafting team reconsider the excessive use of word“recommend” throughout the document and suggest more positive languagesuch as “States shall” be considered.
Introduction and Preamble
 
In regards to the introduction and preamble we support the content andreferences to erroneous doctrines, and how they and colonization havemanifested gross injustice affecting all Indigenous Peoples. We thank thedrafters for their work.However, with regards to the fifth paragraph of the preamble, we ask that thereference discrimination with regards to race, gender, language or religion beextended to cover discrimination based on areas of age, disability and sexualorientation, and that document consider referencing at this part cross sectorialdisadvantage. We ask that at this point specific reference is made to thevulnerabilities of Indigenous women, children and youth.Also with regards to the 5
th
and 6
th
paragraphs, we ask that where the termseconomic, social and cultural are mentioned, that the word ‘educational’ ismentioned.Finally, in support of the Global Indigenous Women’s Caucus, we ask for theinclusion in the preamble about the situation of violence against women andgirls and that the drafters consider the Declaration developed by theIndigenous women who this year attended the 57
th
Session on the Commissionof the Status of Women. We need to define violence from the perspective of Indigenous women who are exposed to a diverse form of mental, physical andsexual violence.
Theme 1: Indigenous Peopleslands, territories andresources
Regarding the First Theme, as noted above, our key recommendation is thatthe theme expressly refer to waters and oceans as well as lands, territories andresources.In regards to recommendation 4, we suggest that the first paragraph could betightened and that the first sentence is too long. We recommend that thesecond sentence be deleted, and that instead a special reference to women,children and youth (and other areas of cross sectorial discrimination) bereferred to in the preamble instead. Our suggested, amended text is as follows:
“Recommend that States uphold and respect the self determination of Indigenous Peoples to exercise their inalienable right to full sovereignty over their natural wealth and resources and recognize that IndigenousPeoples are entitled to participate in, contribute to and enjoy economic,social, cultural, educational and political development. IndigenousPeoples have the right to give or not to give their free, prior andinformed consent when external utilization of these natural wealth andresources is sought. Where development is already occurring States, withthe full, equal and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples, must 
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develop a comprehensive long term strategy, for sustainable andequitable development, to end and prevent uncontrolled andunsustainable development.” 
Finally, we suggest that a new paragraph be inserted about climate change,which has a particularly detrimental effect on our region, including our Peoplesin Pacific Islands who are at risk of becoming displaced from their lands,territories, and extreme weather including droughts and floods in large landterritories. The text we recommend be inserted is as follows:
We “Recommend that States integrate an overarching human rightsbased approach into the climate change regime recognizing the valuingIndigenous world views including knowledges, technologies, practices,customary institutions and governance.” 
Theme 2: United Nations system action for theimplementation of the rights of Indigenous Peoples
 The Pacific would like to recommend the following items under Theme 2:United Nations system action for the implementation of the rights of IndigenousPeoples The Pacific recommends the deletion of recommendation #1 at the request of the bureau because it’s a restatement of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and we already have the Permanent Forum on IndigenousIssues, the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous, and the SpecialRapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The Pacific accepts language drafted in existing recommendations #2-#5 asdrafted and circulated.We propose a new recommendation that is adapted from EMRIP proposal 9 of 2012 and the Copenhagen Call to Action that reads:
“Calls on the World Heritage Committee, UNESCO and States to revisethe World Heritage Convention’s operational guidelines to ensure therights of Indigenous Peoples are respected in the nomination,designation, management and monitoring of World Heritage sitesincorporating or affecting their land, territories, waters, resources, and toensure that Indigenous Peoples right to free, prior and informed consent is obtained in World Heritage decision-making processes.” 
 The justification for this is that there has been expanding State and UNESCOactivity under the World Heritage Convention resulting in the expropriation of Indigenous lands territories and resources, and violations of Indigenous human
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