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Table Of Contents

1.1.1 INTRODUCTION
1.1.2.1 Natural Rubber (NR)
1.1.2.2 Styrene-Butadiene Rubber (SBR)
1.1.2.3 Isoprene-Isobutylene Rubber, Butyl Rubber (IIR)
1.1.2.4 Ethylene Propylene Polymers (EPM) and Terpolymers (EPDM)
1.1.2.5 Polychloroprene Rubber (CR)
1.1.2.6 Nitrile Rubber (NBR)
1.1.2.7 Chlorosulfonated Polyethylene Rubber (CSM)
1.1.2.8 Silicone Rubber
1.1.3 RUBBER ADDITIVES
1.1.4.1 Mastication and Compounding
1.1.4.2 Spreading Dough
1.1.4.3 Vulcanization of Rubberized Fabrics
1.2.1 INTRODUCTION
1.2.2 RESIN CHARACTERISTICS
1.2.3.1.1 Plasticizer Characteristics
1.2.3.1.2 Plasticizer Types
1.2.3.2 Heat Stabilizers
1.2.3.3 Other Additives
1.2.4.1 Resins
1.2.4.2 Plasticizers
1.2.4.3 Stabilizers
1.2.4.4 Fillers
1.2.4.5 Viscosity Depressants
1.2.4.6 Thickeners
1.2.4.7 Blowing Agents
1.2.4.8 Manufacture
1.2.4.9 Fusion
1.2.4.10 Organosols
1.2.4.11 Uses in Coating
1.2.5.1 Melt Compounding
1.2.5.2 Dry Blending
1.3.1 INTRODUCTION
1.3.2.1.1 Basic Reactions of Isocyanates
1.3.2.1.2 Important Polyisocyanates and Their Synthesis
1.3.2.1.3 Blocked Isocyanates
1.3.2.2.1 Polyester Polyols
1.3.2.2.2 Polyether Polyols
1.3.2.3 Cross-linkers and Chain Extenders
1.3.2.4 Catalysts
1.3.3 METHOD OF PREPARATION OF POLYURETHANES
1.3.4 STRUCTURE OF POLYURETHANES
1.3.5 THERMOPLASTIC URETHANE ELASTOMERS [13,16]
1.3.6.1 One-Component System
1.3.6.2 Two-Component System
1.3.6.3 Additives
1.3.7.1 Emulsifiers
1.3.7.2.1 Acetone Process
1.3.7.2.2 Melt Dispersion Process
1.3.8 FEATURES OF POLYURETHANE COATING
1.5.2 RESORCINOL-FORMALDEHYDE-LATEX SYSTEM [3,29,30]
1.5.4 MODE OF ACTION OF RFL DIP
1.5.5 ISOCYANATE BONDING SYSTEM
1.6.1 GENERAL FEATURES
1.6.2.1 Photoinitiators
1.6.2.2 Polymer Systems
1.6.3 EQUIPMENT
1.6.4 APPLICATIONS IN TEXTILE COATING
1.7 REFERENCES
2.1 MATERIALS AND TRENDS
2.2.1 COTTON
2.2.2 RAYON
2.2.3 NYLONS
2.2.4 POLYESTER
2.2.5 POLYPROPYLENE FIBER
2.2.6 ARAMIDS
2.3.1.1 Ginning
2.3.1.2 Blow Room
2.3.1.3 Carding
2.3.1.4 Lap Formation
2.3.1.5 Combing
2.3.1.6 Drawing
2.3.1.7 Speed Frame/Fly Frame
2.3.1.8 Ring Spinning
2.3.1.9 Newer Methods of Spinning
2.3.2.1 Melt Spinning
2.3.2.2 Solution Spinning
2.4.1 WEAVING
2.4.2.1 Plain Weave
2.4.2.2 Twill Weaves
2.4.2.3 Satin and Sateen Weaves
2.4.3 LOOMS
2.5.1 WEFT-KNITTED STRUCTURES
2.5.2 WARP-KNITTED STRUCTURES
2.6.1 WEB FORMATION
2.6.2.1 Entanglement of Fibers
2.6.2.2 Bonding by Adhesives
2.7 REFERENCE
2.8 BIBLIOGRAPHY
3.1.1 COMMON FE ATURES OF FLUID C OATING UNITS
3.1.2 POST- AND PREMETERING METHODS
3.2.1 ARRANGEMENTS OF KNIFE COATING
3.2.2 COATING KNIVES
3.2.3 THE ROLE OF ROLLING BANK AND WEB TENSION
3.3.5 REVERSE ROLL COATERS
3.4 DIP COATING
3.5 TRANSFER COATING
3.6 ROTARY SCREEN PRINTING
3.7.1 PRECALENDERING SECTION
3.7.2 CALENDER
3.7.4 POST-CALENDERING SECTION
3.7.5 COATING DEFECTS
3.7.6 COMPARISON WITH OTHER COATING METHODS
3.7.7 ZIMMER COATING
3.8.1 EXTRUSION COATING
3.8.2 DRY POWDER COATING
3.9 REFERENCES
4.1 GENERAL CHAR ACTERISTICS
4.2 TENSILE STRENGTH
4.3 ELONGATION
4.4 ADHESION
4.5 TEAR RESISTANCE
4.6 WEATHERING BEHAVIOR
4.7 MICROBIOLOGICAL DEGRADATION
4.8 YELLOWING
4.9 REFERENCES
5.1.1 BINGHAM BODY BEHAVIOR
5.1.2 DILATANCY AND PSEUDOPLASTICITY
5.1.3 THIXOTROPY AND RHEOPEXY
5.2.1 APPARENT VISCOSITY OF PLASTISOLS
5.2.2 POLYMER SIZE AND SIZE DISTRIBUTION
5.2.3 PLASTICIZER AND ADDITIVES
5.2.4 VISCOSITY CHANGE DURING FUSION
5.3 HYDRODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF COATING
5.4 REFERENCES
6.1 CLOTHING COMFORT
6.2 IMPERMEABLE COATING
6.3.1 USES AND REQUIREMENTS
6.3.2.1 Diffusion of Water Vapor through a Fabric
6.3.2.2 Diffusion through Membranes [14]
6.3.2.3 Water Vapor Transport through Textiles
6.3.2.4 Repellency [19]
6.3.3.1 Closely Woven Fabrics
6.3.3.2.1 Wet Coagulation Process
6.3.3.2.2 Microporous Polyurethane from Aqueous Dispersions
6.3.3.2.4 UV/E Beam Polymerized Membranes [29,30]
6.3.3.2.5 Perforation in Compact Coated Fabric [9,11]
6.3.3.2.6 Extraction of Soluble Component from a Polymer Mixture
6.3.3.3.1 Hydrophilic Polyurethanes
6.3.3.3.2 Hydrophilic Polyester
6.3.4 USING BREATHABLE FABRIC FOR APPAREL
6.3.5 EVALUATION
6.3.6 COMPARISON WITH IMPERMEABLES
6.4 REFERENCES
7.1.1 COMPACT COATED FABRICS
7.1.2.2 Poromerics from Prepolymers [5]
7.1.2.3 Structure of Porous Films
7.1.3 POROUS VINYLS [18]
7.1.4 PTFE LAMINATE [19]
7.2.1 MATERIALS
7.2.2.1 Air Supported Structures and Shelters
7.2.2.2 Flexible Barrier Storage System
7.2.2.3 Tension Structures
7.2.3 AWNINGS AND CANOPIES
7.3.1 INFLATABLES
7.3.2 LIQUID CONTAINERS
7.4 TARPAULINS
7.5 AUTOMOTIVE AIR BAG FABRICS
7.6 CARPET BACKING
7.7.1 FLAME LAMINATION
7.7.2 DRY ADHESIVES
7.8 FLOCKING
7.9 REFERENCES
8.1.1 TYPES OF CHEMICAL EXPOSURE RISKS
8.1.2.1 Civil Applications
8.1.2.2 Military Applications
8.1.3.1 Carbon-Impregnated Polyurethane Foam
8.1.3.2 Carbon-Impregnated Cotton Flannel and Nonwoven Fabric
8.1.3.3 Bonded Spherical Carbon Adsorbents
8.1.3.4 Active Carbon Fabric (Charcoal Cloth)
8.2 THERMOCHROMIC FABRICS
8.3 TEMPERATURE ADAPTABLE FABRICS
8.4.1 VISUAL AND NEAR IR NETS
8.4.2 RADAR CAMOUFLAGE NET
8.4.3 SNOW CAMOUFLAGE
8.5.1 METHODS OF METAL COATING
8.5.2.1 Protective Clothing
8.5.2.2 Radar Responsive Fabrics
8.5.2.3 Static Electricity Control
8.5.2.4 Electromagnetic Interference Shielding
8.5.3 CONDUCTING POLYMER COATINGS
8.6 REFERENCES
9.1 COATING MASS PER UNIT AREA (BS 3424, IS 7016 PART 1)
9.2 DEGREE OF FUSION/CURING OF COATING
9.3 BLOCKING (BS 3424, IS 7016 PART 9)
9.4 COATING ADHESION (BS 3424, ASTM D-751, IS 7016 PART 5)
9.5 ACCELERATED AGING (BS 3424, IS 7016 PART 8 BASED
9.6 FLEXIBILITY—FLAT LOOP METHOD (IS 7016 PART 11 BASED
9.7 DAMAGE DUE TO FLEXING (BS3424, IS 7016 PART 4,
9.8 ABRASION RESISTANCE (ASTM D-3389, BS 3424)
9.9 TEST FOR COLORFASTNESS TO DRY AND WET RUBBING
9.10 LOW TEMPERATURE BEND TEST (ASTM D 2136, IS 7016
9.11 LOW TEMPERATURE IMPACT TEST (BS 3424, ASTM D-2137,
9.12 CONE TEST (IS 7941)
9.13 RESISTANCE TO WATER PENETRATION (ASTM D-751,
9.14 AIR PERMEABILITY (BS 3424)
9.15.1 DESICCANT METHOD
9.15.2 WATER METHOD
9.16 RESISTANCE TO PERMEATION BY HAZARDOUS LIQUID
9.17.1 TESTING FOR PROTECTION OF PERMEABLE CLOTHING
9.17.2 TESTING FOR PROTECTION OF CLOTHING AGAINST LAID
9.18 RESISTANCE TO PENETRATION BY BLOOD-BORNE
9.19 ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY OF FABRICS (AATCC 76-1995)
9.20 REFERENCE
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Coated Textiles

Coated Textiles

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Published by DineshWaran Hariram
Complete Reference on Textile Coating
Complete Reference on Textile Coating

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Published by: DineshWaran Hariram on Jun 23, 2013
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