two-storey White Tower itself. Figure 1. shows not the traces of the Turkish siege in 1595, but thatof in 1543-th year. From the fortress on St. Thomas Mount, called
Tepedelen (head punch)
thecannon firing of the Turks destroyed the Metropolitan Cathedral, to which Janos Vitez attached alibrary offered to the honor of St. Adalbert in 1465. The library was built according to the modelfrom Kassa (Kosice), and it was covered by fire-resistant glazing tiles.As an effect of Turkish artillery fire a part of the vault of the church collapsed, and the large part of St. Stephen's Chapel was destroyed. The portico of the Cathedral remains clearly recognizable onthe east side, and this fact is well separated from the official standing point by which the WhiteTower was destroyed together with its tent roof structure. The remains of
structure isabsent.We think, however, if the tower had actually suffered serious injuries then the contemporarychroniclers would have mentioned it in same details as they did it in the case of the Cathedral. Asstated by the Turkish travelers and Western envoys said, the Castle was essentially intact when it gotinto the hands of the Turks in 1543, and so - in our opinion - the White Tower is still in its original beauty on the engravement.The official position is that the tower was pentangular, but the Western Citadel sides of the XVI.century engraving (knowing the east side view as well) shows that the rondella should have been asemi-circular, octagonal structure. Not arguing with the official opinion just for the sake of historical accuracy we mention
's book „
. One can learn from his article the White Tower of Brasov in details, that is very similar to Esztergom's one, and that is a half-circle shaped (Fig. 2).The very significant difference between the two towers, that the Brasov one is a four-storey building, which is a single-storey tower was built on. Both tower got its name from their whitewashed walls. The width of Brasov rondella completely identical to those of the Esztergom,which, according to Balazs Orban is 22 steps. The Brasov fortress-storey block was built without a pitched roof, which "
... as engaged in the chronicle of the wall, this fortress tower was built in1494, and in fact is a remarkable instance of King Matthias' era, and it is one of the most amazing and powerful pattern of military architecture
"The „hood” that was built last year instead of the original Tower - in our opinion by – would have been unnoticed, if the same building solutions had been applied by the builders as they were appliedon the east side of the tower roofs is seen. They are beautiful and easy to fit in with the natural faceof the citadel, just opposite to a "
" for a reminder, wooden-decorated buildingsbut.Comparing to the fundamentally different views it is obvious by logic, that one of the conclusionsdoes not stand up to scrutiny. It may be, of course, that we have outlined in the picture blame, butcomparing the two engravings of White Towers decide the Honourable reader.