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The water-raising suction-pump for the Basilica of Esztergom

The water-raising suction-pump for the Basilica of Esztergom

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Published by Szepesi
The principle of the admirable water plant used for the water supply of the Basilica, the prebendary and the seminary of Esztergom in 1822.
The principle of the admirable water plant used for the water supply of the Basilica, the prebendary and the seminary of Esztergom in 1822.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Szepesi on Jun 23, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The two hundred years of history of the amazing water hydro-acoustic equipmentThe "merit watching HPP" Reconstruction
As laymen, we can not and do not even have the courage to argue with archaeologicalcertain areas of research experts and our experts take issue with the findings.However, these findings given the tools of logic, why do not we ourselves may be describedconclusions so that anyone thinking person can draw from? And the thus formedfiles, even if they are different from the "official" scientific researchers' one not necessarily baddespite the fact that available from the same artefact consists.Obviously, the different positions, one of the different conclusions can not stand up to scrutiny.It may be that we have drawn the wrong picture, but this – using the tools of logic - let the dear reader decide for yourself.
The first century of the „amazing water machine”
Figure 1: The view of Esztergom in the XVIth century
On behalf of the Hungarian National Museum a temporary "protective cover" construction was setup above Esztergom's most important monument called White Tower at the end of last year (2008),instead of the complete reconstruction of it.The ambition of Esztergom municipality to get the "European Heritage" honorary title together withthe historical Visegrad heritage of the region is honorable. However, one important condition for obtaining the above mentioned title is to rebuild the White Tower according to diagnostics and physical possession of knowledge of art history, instead of temporary covering of it. ThereforeEsztergom's regional planning council produced a computer model based on the silhouette of theWhite Tower and started a consultation with the local inhabitants about the reconstruction.The "official" standing point is based on
engraving. According to it the White Towehad a
 pentangular layout 
and had huge
three-level apartment blocks
, and its roof structurewas destroyed.in 1595 during a siege. The original height of the tower is shown only by theremaining remnant chimneys of the tower.In contrast with the „official” standing point, the White Tower that was built on the steep cliffs of the southern part of the Castle could not be a living-tower because of military aspects. Thecontemporary military engineer constructors were aware of its vulnerabilities from the opposite St.Thomas Mount.In 1542
 Mihaly Poor 
, who was released from a the 16-year-old Turkish imprisonment mentionedduring his personally identifiable testimony: "
The St. Thomas mountain had crevices, from whichthey wanted to degrade the mountains using gunpowder.
" He also said that "
he knows very well thewater-castle called Werpecz, and there is a large, wooden stairs go down into it where there is awheel, which is driving up the water from the Danube into the dungeon.
It is obvious that such aninable idea as to the deterioration of the mountain, have been born only to increase the protection of the citadel!According to Figure 1. on the southern battlement of he Castle Hill a three-storey cannon tower (rondella) was built, and from its focal axis the chimney of thought rose out, but in fact it was the
two-storey White Tower itself. Figure 1. shows not the traces of the Turkish siege in 1595, but thatof in 1543-th year. From the fortress on St. Thomas Mount, called
Tepedelen (head punch)
thecannon firing of the Turks destroyed the Metropolitan Cathedral, to which Janos Vitez attached alibrary offered to the honor of St. Adalbert in 1465. The library was built according to the modelfrom Kassa (Kosice), and it was covered by fire-resistant glazing tiles.As an effect of Turkish artillery fire a part of the vault of the church collapsed, and the large part of St. Stephen's Chapel was destroyed. The portico of the Cathedral remains clearly recognizable onthe east side, and this fact is well separated from the official standing point by which the WhiteTower was destroyed together with its tent roof structure. The remains of 
tent roof 
structure isabsent.We think, however, if the tower had actually suffered serious injuries then the contemporarychroniclers would have mentioned it in same details as they did it in the case of the Cathedral. Asstated by the Turkish travelers and Western envoys said, the Castle was essentially intact when it gotinto the hands of the Turks in 1543, and so - in our opinion - the White Tower is still in its original beauty on the engravement.The official position is that the tower was pentangular, but the Western Citadel sides of the XVI.century engraving (knowing the east side view as well) shows that the rondella should have been asemi-circular, octagonal structure. Not arguing with the official opinion just for the sake of historical accuracy we mention
's book „
Transylvania (Selections)
. One can learn from his article the White Tower of Brasov in details, that is very similar to Esztergom's one, and that is a half-circle shaped (Fig. 2).The very significant difference between the two towers, that the Brasov one is a four-storey building, which is a single-storey tower was built on. Both tower got its name from their whitewashed walls. The width of Brasov rondella completely identical to those of the Esztergom,which, according to Balazs Orban is 22 steps. The Brasov fortress-storey block was built without a pitched roof, which "
... as engaged in the chronicle of the wall, this fortress tower was built in1494, and in fact is a remarkable instance of King Matthias' era, and it is one of the most amazing and powerful pattern of military architecture
"The „hood” that was built last year instead of the original Tower - in our opinion by – would have been unnoticed, if the same building solutions had been applied by the builders as they were appliedon the east side of the tower roofs is seen. They are beautiful and easy to fit in with the natural faceof the citadel, just opposite to a "
 garden house
" for a reminder, wooden-decorated buildingsbut.Comparing to the fundamentally different views it is obvious by logic, that one of the conclusionsdoes not stand up to scrutiny. It may be, of course, that we have outlined in the picture blame, butcomparing the two engravings of White Towers decide the Honourable reader.

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