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Anatomy of the Head & Neck 3 ( Mandible )

Anatomy of the Head & Neck 3 ( Mandible )

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Published by daw022

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Published by: daw022 on May 05, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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1   
                    
T h e M a n d i b l e   
                    
T h e m a n d i b l e o r t h e l o w e r j a w i s t h e l a r g e s t a n d s t r o n g e s t b o n e o f t h e f a c e , a n d i t  a r t i c u l a t e s w i t h t h e s k u l l a t t h e t e m p o r o m a n d i b u l a r j o i n t T h e m a n d i b l e c o n s i s t s o f a h o r s e s h o e - s h a p e d b o d y a n d a p a i r o f r a m i T h e b o d y o f t h e m a n d i b l e m e e t s t h e r a m u s o n e a c h s i d e a t t h e a n g l e o f t h e m a n d i b l e T h e b o d y o f t h e m a n d i b l e , o n i t s e x t e r n a l s u r f a c e i n t h e m i d l i n e , h a s a f a i n t r i d g e   i n d i c a t i n g t h e l i n e o f f u s i o n o f t h e t w o h a l v e s d u r i n g d e v e l o p m e n t a t t h e s y m p h y s i s  m e n t i T h e m e n t a l f o r a m e n c a n b e s e e n b e l o w t h e s e c o n d p r e m o l a r t o o t h ; i t t r a n s m i t s t h e   t e r m i n a l b r a n c h e s o f t h e i n f e r i o r a l v e o l a r n e r v e a n d v e s s e l s
 
2   
 
3   
O n t h e m e d i a l s u r f a c e o f t h e b o d y o f t h e m a n d i b l e i n t h e m e d i a n p l a n e a r e s e e n   t h e   
m e n t a l  m e n t a l  m e n t a l s p i n e s  s p i n e s  s p i n e s  
; t h e s e g i v e o r i g i n t o t h e g e n i o g l o s s u s m u s c l e s a b o v e a n d t h e   g e n i o h y o i d m u s c l e s b e l o w T h e   
m y l o h y o i d   m y l o h y o i d   m y l o h y o i d l i n e   l i n e   l i n e   
c a n b e s e e n a s a n o b l i q u e r i d g e t h a t r u n s b a c k w a r d a n d   l a t e r a l l y f r o m t h e a r e a o f t h e m e n t a l s p i n e s t o a n a r e a b e l o w a n d b e h i n d t h e t h i r d   m o l a r t o o t h . T h e   
s u b m a n d i b u l a r   s u b m a n d i b u l a r   s u b m a n d i b u l a r f o s s a   f o s s a   f o s s a   
, f o r t h e s u p e r f i c i a l p a r t o f t h e s u b m a n d i b u l a r s a l i v a r y   g l a n d , l i e s b e l o w t h e p o s t e r i o r p a r t o f t h e m y l o h y o i d l i n e . T h e   
s u b l i n g u a l  s u b l i n g u a l  s u b l i n g u a l f o s s a   f o s s a   f o s s a   
, f o r t h e s u b l i n g u a l g l a n d , l i e s a b o v e t h e a n t e r i o r p a r t o f t h e   m y l o h y o i d l i n e T h e u p p e r b o r d e r o f t h e b o d y o f t h e m a n d i b l e i s c a l l e d   
t h e   t h e   t h e a l v e o l a r   a l v e o l a r   a l v e o l a r p a r t  p a r t  p a r t  
; i n t h e   a d u l t i t c o n t a i n s 1 6 s o c k e t s f o r t h e r o o t s o f t h e t e e t h T h e l o w e r b o r d e r o f t h e b o d y o f t h e m a n d i b l e i s c a l l e d   
t h e   t h e   t h e b a s e   b a s e   b a s e .   .   .  T h e   T h e   T h e d i g a s t r i c   d i g a s t r i c   d i g a s t r i c f o s s a   f o s s a   f o s s a   
i s a s m a l l , r o u g h e n e d d e p r e s s i o n o n t h e b a s e , o n e i t h e r s i d e   o f t h e s y m p h y s i s m e n t i . I t i s i n t h e s e f o s s a e t h a t t h e a n t e r i o r b e l l i e s o f t h e   d i g a s t r i c m u s c l e s a r e a t t a c h e d . 

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