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The Waiting Period - Shaykh Fawzan's Fiqh Book

The Waiting Period - Shaykh Fawzan's Fiqh Book

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Published by: Nasrin Akther on Jun 24, 2013
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08/28/2013

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CHAPTER
Waiting Period
The waiting
""n
od
i$
a
""
",le
of divoru", and
il
a
l
tplly
sprc
iC
oed
p«i
od
of
wailing
afln
di
vor«
. The proofs of the
wai
tl
ng.,m
od
are
from
tM
NOOIe
Qur
ln.
the
Su"mrJr
(Prophetic
Traditi
on
) and
th
e Const:nrus
ofMwlim
scho
la
rs.
Ill..
proofs
in
the
Nob
le
Qu.
lo,
A
ll
ah, Exalted be He, say"
-Divorced wom.n
",",,/n
ill
,..tIWnl
(j.e"
do
no/
r"marry)
for
periodl ..
AI.Baqarah:
228)
He
alw
$a)'$;
-A
..
d
tIrnM:
om..
no
",lIP'
n/Wct
mnut
...
"'icHt
'''''''''g
,.,u,
...,..,ell
-
if
1011
dOflb/,
IMIf
,Itn,
puiod
i,
'''tu
,"olltl.,.
,,/'Id
/a
lsD
for/
I""",,,
''"0
MW
"ot
""
".
stTlUltN. Alldfo,
..
re
PrYJfUl
ltt,
,lld,
le""
I,
ulllil
theY,,\I£
birtlr .
(Q
urln: 4)
 
VII: DIVORCE
This
concerns Ihe cases
of
separalion
bdWffn
wife
Ind
husband in
li
f
e.
However, concerning Ihe
case
of
the
death
of
the hu,\)and,
Allah,
E.r.altC1l
He,
says:
1/wR
..
ha
"re
1
1'"
"
in
1'1It""!
YO
N
tuld
wiv
Q'
"'hind
-
th
cy.
{
th
c
"';w"
shll11]
"",it
llUr
monu"
alld
tCII/d4y,r
(Qur'An; AI-Ba
q"uh:
234)
The
proof
deri'ltd
from
the
SII""""
is
the
/!4dlth
narnllro
on
Ihe aUlhorityof'
A'ishah
(may
Al
lah
be
pleased with her) who
$a
id:
"&lr/rah
IVIIS
ordered
(by
the Prophet)
10
COllnl
Ihru monlhly
periods as a ..aIling
f/friod."'(Rdatcd. by Ibn Mljah)
There
are
other
hadi,h,
indicating the same legal ruling.
As
fo
r the wisdom bdlirl<l
the
prescription
of
Ihe waiting
period.;t
is
10makt: sure the woman
has
not
concci'ltd
I
child sq>arating from h
er
husband.
in
order
not
10
let
any
ronfusiOlllab
pl..:c concerning the lineage
of
I
IIe
ch
ild th
is
period
gives l
he
husband lhe
chanc
e
10
rtptrI
l
divorcing her
all
d
to
t
ake
his
wife back
IS
long
is
his
divorce
is
'
!.'VOCable
.
Hoooring the marriage contract
and
pointing out its
hncti
ty
are
:also intendedthrough the prescription
of
the w:aiting period, and
so
is
est=ning
the right
of
the ex-husband. Besides, the right
of
Ihe fetus
is
highly obileIVed throughttu-prescription
of
Ihe waiting
p.::
riod when Ihe divorced wife is pregnant. Ingeneral.11tt waiting period il considered
of
the
prm
Olll
marr
iage.
Th
e
wai
ling
pciod
is
obligatory upon
every
woman who
has
sq>;In.ttdfrom
her
hu
sband
whether
by
divorce,
by
I
Itt
khul'
(wifei
.insl
by
a d
i:;.s<)Jution
of
the
contract,
or
by the death
of
her
husbomd.11
isacondition
to
make the wailing period valid t
hatsudi
a
hus
wnd
cunKKmsly
had
privacy with the wife with her conllent and
he
was
polent,
whet
h
er
!he was a
or
a
.l
ave
girl, an adult
or.
minor
of
those
fit
10
have intercourse.
As
fortltt
woman from
..
horn
h
er
hwband
5Cp<Irata
beforeconsummaling
ma
rr
i.age
wi
lh
her, whether Ihrough divorce
or
the
1iM,
..
hile
hc
is
,he
has
no
waiting period. Allah.
E.r.alled
be
He
,
AYS:
"0
,..11
""'0
how
hdicwd. ""'no ,.... ml'rry
kl
ini",
lOO,
.,,
".
OM
th
e"
dlO'OlTc
'h
tm
btfort
1<'11IUI
....
101lc
h,.,
Ih,.",
[i.t.,
COlISumml'ltd
Ih,
marriagf']. the"
Ih_
1I
11'"
forYOII
I'IIy
..
ifi",
per/oJ
10
rollll
l
c"
"
Ctl7l
i"8 thtm, .-
(Qur'An:
A!-
Ahzab; 49)
 
The
verb·to
cmlll
in the
vent
men
to
C(lunt
in
g the
peri0d5
monthsto determine
Ih
e time orthe
wai
ting period. and -
""
ve
.o
udtM
'''tm
H
implieshiving $tXull int
ercourlt
with them. noble verw indicateJ th
at
is
no waiting period
for
the woman divorced
befou
consummating marriage.and
theu
is
no di..pute
am
ong scholars
OVer
this ruling. The mentioning
of
the
"
bd/,,,/,,t""""'''''
in the
vuw
is
a
nfeunce
10
the majority of the
wiv
es
of
Muslims.
sinn
Muslim scholan unanimo
U$ly
th
at
the...,
il;
no difference het
"
Un
the believing
women
and
thoK
of
the
People
of
t/u:
ScriptUu (Christian Or Jewish women)
co
ncerning
this
ruling.However.
wh
en
the husband d
ies.
his must
C(lunt
her
prescribed
Wilting period whether he has had
comumm
ated the marriage or
nO(.
for
Allah.Exalted
be He.
1lI)'l1
:
"Alld
those ",ho ..
re
, ..
ee
..
III
de .
h
..
mOllg
you ....
d
leav
c
wlYft
beh/lld
-
th
e)'>
{the
wJ,,",
shall}
wait/our
IHOII'''J
and
""
{
days
}
••
(
Qu
r
ln:
AI·
8aqarah: 234)
Moreove
r.
there
il;
no
lep
l lat
or
proof
to
dilTenntiate
betw«n
Ih
econsummated
and
unconsummated muTiages in Ihis
resp«
l.
There
aU
six
kinds
of
women in their waiting period:
1l
The pregnant widow or the pregnant divorced woman
2)
The non-pregnant widow
3)
The
divorced woman
wh
o still
has
her monthly menstru
al
period
<I)
The divorced woman who does
not
have.
month
ly
menslroai period,
due
to young
age
or
menopause
5)
The divorced woman
who
no longer h
as
h
er
monthly menst:rual
period,
without an
rcuon
6)
The
wife
of
a
missing manConcerning Ihe pregnant widow
or
th
e
pregnant woman. her
wai
ting period
laslS
until she
giv
ff
birth. for Allah, be
H
e.
says:
M.
.
And
joT
"'
DSC
WftO
......
Pretnllnt
,
their
tum
/J
UlltIl
they
t
iw
birth
•.•-
(
Qu
r'An:
4)
The noble
wnw
that the waiting
I'C'
riod
of
lhe
prepant
woman
encU
wben
.m
e
gi
vesbirth. Someo(tbes..
klj
(ewly Muslim scho
t..
rs) mai
nt
ai
nedthat the pregnant widow mutt consider
the Ion1u
period:
dther
until
she
givesbirth or until four month
alnd
ten da
ys
pass . However. afterwards. Muslim

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You spelt "waiting" as "wiating"
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