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Published by Norma Ayunita
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Published by: Norma Ayunita on Jun 24, 2013
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06/09/2014

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The Rhinoceros (Rhino)
The rhinoceros is a large, primitive looking mammal that in fact dates from the Miocene eramillions of years ago. In recent decades rhinos have been relentlessly hunted to the point of near extinction. Since 1970 the world rhino population has declined by 90 percent, with fivespecies remaining in the world today, all of which are endangered.The white or square-lipped rhino is one of two rhino species in Africa. It in turn occurs as twosubspecies, the southern and the northern. The southern dwindled almost to extinction in theearly 20th century, but was protected on farms and reserves, enabling it to increase enough tobe reintroduced. The northern white rhino has recovered in Democratic Republic of Congo fromabout 15 in 1984 to about 30 in the late 1990s. This population has been threatened by politicalconflict and instability.There are two kinds of rhino who live in Africa, first is Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) andsecond is White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). The white rhino's name derives from theDutch "weit," meaning wide, a reference to its wide, square muzzle adapted for grazing. Thewhite rhino, which is actually grey, has a pronounced hump on the neck and a long face. Whilethe black, or hooked-lipped rhino, along with all other rhino species, is an odd-toed ungulate(three toes on each foot). It has a thick, hairless, grey hide. Both the black and white rhino havetwo horns, the longer of which sits at the front of the nose.
 
 Rhino includes the bigest land mamals who live in africa besides elephant and other mamals.Rhino can live up to 35 to 40 years. The size of the rhinoceros stands about 60 inches at theshoulder. And the weight of Black Rhino is 1 to 1½ tons, while White Rhino is over 2 tons.Diet description of The black rhino is a browser, with a triangular-shaped upper lip ending in amobile grasping point. It eats a large variety of vegetation, including leaves, buds and shoots of plants, bushes and trees. While the white rhino is a grazer feeding on grasses.Rhinos live in home ranges that sometimes overlap with each other. Feeding grounds, waterholes and wallows may be shared. The black rhino is usually solitary. The white rhino tends tobe much more gregarious. Rhinos are also rather ill-tempered and have become more so inareas where they have been constantly disturbed. While their eyesight is poor, which is whythey will often charge without apparent reason, their sense of smell and hearing are very good.They have an extended "vocabulary" of growls, grunts, squeaks, snorts and bellows. Whenattacking, the rhino lowers its head, snorts, breaks into a gallop reaching speeds of 30 miles anhour, and gores or strikes powerful blows with its horns. Still, for all its bulk, the rhino is veryagile and can quickly turn in a small space.The rhino has a symbiotic relationship with oxpeckers, also called tick birds. In Swahili the tickbird is named "askari wa kifaru," meaning "the rhino's guard." The bird eats ticks it finds on therhino and noisily warns of danger. Although the birds also eat blood from sores on the rhino'sskin and thus obstruct healing, they are still tolerated.
 
Girrafes
Giraffes are one of the world's tallest mammals. They are well known for their long necks, longlegs, and spotted patterns. Giraffes have small "horns" or knobs on top of their heads that growto be about five inches long. These knobs are used to protect the head in fights.Male giraffes are larger than females. Males weigh between 2,400 and 3,000 pounds and standup to 19 feet tall! Female giraffes weigh between 1,600 and 2,600 pounds and grow to be 16feet tall. Giraffe populations are relatively stable. Healthy giraffes live about 25 years in thewild.Giraffes can be found in central, eastern and southern Africa. Giraffes live in the savannas of Africa, where they roam freely among the tall trees, arid land, dense forests and open plains.Their long necks help giraffes eat leaves from tall trees, typically acacia trees. If they need to,giraffes can go for several days without water. Instead of drinking, giraffes stay hydrated by themoisture from leaves.

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