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Published by rkshab

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Published by: rkshab on May 05, 2009
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected fromShort message service
)Jump to:navigation, search For other uses, seeSMS (disambiguation).This article describes the communication protocol technology. For information about textmessaging seeText messaging.This article
needs additionalcitationsforverification.
Please help improve this article  by addingreliable references.Unsourced material may be challengedand removed. 
(July 2008)
Received SMS on a Motorola RAZR mobile phoneE.161, the most common mobile keypadalphabetlayout
Short Message Service
) is a communication service standardized in the GSM  mobile communication system, using standardizedcommunications protocolsallowingthe interchange of short text messages betweenmobile telephone devices. SMS text
messaging is the most widely used data application on the planet, with 2.4 billion activeusers, or 74% of all mobile phone subscribers sending and receiving text messages ontheir phones.
The SMS technology has facilitated the development and growthof text messaging. The connection between the phenomenon of text messaging and theunderlying technology is so great that in parts of the world the term "SMS" is used as asynonym for a text message or the act of sending a text message, even when a different protocol is being used.SMS as used on modern handsets was originally defined as part of the GSMseries of  standards in 1985
as a means of sending messages of up to 160 characters (includingspaces), to and from GSM mobile handsets.
Since then, support for the service hasexpanded to include alternative mobile standards such asANSI CDMA networks and Digital AMPS, as well assatellite andlandline networks.
This section of the article
is too long to read comfortably, and needssubsections
.Please format the article according to the guidelines laid out atWikipedia:Manual of Style (headings)SMS messages sent monthly in USA (million)The idea of adding text messaging to the services of mobile users was latent in manycommunities of mobile communication services at the beginning of the 1980s. The firstaction plan of the CEPT GroupGSMapproved in December 1982 requested "Theservices and facilities offered in the public switched telephone networks and public datanetworks ...should be available in the mobile system".
 This target includes the exchangeof text messages either directly between mobile stations or the transmission viaMessageHandling Systemswidely in use since the beginning of the 1980s.
The innovation in SMS is indicated by the word
in Short Message Service. TheGSM system is optimized for telephony, since this was identified as its main application.The key idea for SMS was to use this telephony-optimized system and to transportmessages on the signaling paths needed to control the telephony traffic during time periods when no signaling traffic existed. In this way unused resources in the systemcould be used to transport messages without additional cost. However, it was necessary tolimit the length of the messages to 128 bytes (later improved to 140 octets, or 160 7-bitcharacters), so that the messages could fit into the existing signaling formats. Thereforethe service was named “
Message Service”.This concept allowed implementing the SMS in every mobile station just by an additionalsoftware routine without incremental cost per unit. Also the implementation in thenetworks required just software without incremental cost. The only new network elementwas a specialised Short Message Service Centre for a whole countrywide network. Itneeded capacity expansions of course with growing SMS traffic. This concept wasinstrumental for the implementation of SMS in every mobile station ever produced and inevery network from early days on. Hence a large base of SMS capable terminals andnetworks existed when the users began to utilise the SMS.
 No individual expert or company can claim to be the ‘father’ or ‘creator’ of the SMS. TheGSM project as a whole was indeed a multi-national collaboration at its best. Therefore

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