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Pdd Nsc 25 Santilli 080612

Pdd Nsc 25 Santilli 080612

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Pdd Nsc 25 Santilli 080612
Pdd Nsc 25 Santilli 080612

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Published by: Peter on Jun 24, 2013
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01/20/2014

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20482 
THE WHITEHOUSE
WASHINGTON
May
3,
1994
PRESIDENTIAL DECISION
DIRECTIVE/NSC-25
MElI0RANDU~1
FOR 
THE
VICE PRESIDENT
THE
SECRETARY
OF
STATE
THE
SECRETARY
OF
DEFENSEDIRECTOR
OFTHE
OFFICE
OF
}~NAGEMENT
AND
BUDGET
REPRESENTATIVE 
OFTHE
UNITED S1'ATES
TO
THE
UNITED NATIONSCHIEF
OF
S'TAFF 
TO
THE
PRESIDENTASSISTANT
TO
THE
PRESIDENT
FOR
NATIONALSECURITY AFFAIRSDIRECTOR
OF
CENTRAL
IN'rELLIGENCE
CHAIRMAN
OF
'THE
JOINT CHIEFS
OF
STAF'FSUBJECT: 
U.S.
POLICY
ON
REFORMING
MULTILATERAL PEACEOPERATIONS
(U)
Serious
threats
tothe
security
of
the
United
States perSist
inthe
post-Cold
War
era.
History suggests
that
new
threats will
surface.
The
United
States
remains
committed
to
meeting such
threats
t.hrough
either
unilat_eral
or
multilateral
action!
as
our
interests
dictate.
(D)
Circumstances
have
arisen
and
will
arise
in the future in
which
it
will
be
in
our
interest
to
proceed
in
partnership
with
others
to
preserve!
maintain
or
restore
the
peace.
The
United
Nations
(UN)
can
bean
important instrument
of
such
partnerships.
(U)
in
UN
peace
operations
can
never
substitute
for
the
fighting
and
winning
our
own
wars, nor
can
we
allow
it
to
reduce
our
capability to
rneetthat
imperative.
It
cant
however,
serve,
in
effect,
as
a
"force
multiplier"
in
our
efforts
to
promote
peace
and
stabil
(U)
During
the
Cold
War,
the
United Nations
could resort.
to
multi
lateral
peace
operations
only
under
the
rare
circumstances
in
which
the
interests
of
the Soviet
Union
and
the
West
did not
conflict
_
Such
ions
can
now
serve
as
a
tool
in
many
cases
to
advance
such
American
interests
as
t.he
maintenance
of
peace
in
regions
and
the
relief
of
suffering
abroad.
(U)
necess
of
-€eNF!DEN'T!AL
with
~CRe*
attachment
Declassify
on:
OA
To: Susannah E ColeFr: Peter Santilli 8/6/12 @ 16:00Page 1 of 29 Archive electronic copy & PRINTpage 29 "DEFINITIONS of Enforcement
 
2 
since
it
is
our
to
support
or
UN
peace
operations
on
such
occasions,
it
is
also to
seek
to
strengthen
our
m·m
and
the
Un:Lted '
peace
operations
capabilit.ies.
That
is
the
ect.
of
the
at.tached
"Pol
Guidance:
u.s.
on
Reforming
Multilateral
Peace
Operations,"
which
elaborates
this
PresDecision
Directive,
and
which
I
today.
(U)
The
Role
of
Peace
Operations
in
U.S.
Foreign
Policy
torial
disputes,
armed
ethnic
conflicts,
civil
wars 
of
""hich
spill
across
international
borders),
and
the
total 
of
governmental
authority
in
some
states
are
now
among
the
threats
to
world
peace.
The
UN
has
sought
t.o
a
constructive
role
in such
situations
by
mediating
disputes
and
ohtaining
agreement
to
cease-fires
and
political
settlements.
Where
agreements
to
thateffect
have been
reached,
the
inter
position
of
neutral
forces
under
UN
auspices
can
facilitate
lasting
peace.
(U)
Having
considered
the
factors
in
Annex
I
the
Uni·ted
States
 
will
vote
in
the
UN
Security
Council
for
multilateral
peace
operations,
OT,
where
appropriate,
take
the
lead
in
calling
for
them
l
when
member
states
are
prepared
to
support the
effort
with
forces
and
funds;
when
the
U.S.
decides
that
the
operation's
political
and
military
objectives are
clear
and
feasible;
and
when
UN
involvement
represents the
best
means
to
advance
U.S.
interests.
The
U.S.
will
not
support
in
the
Security
Council
proposals
for
UN
involvement
in
situations
'",here
such
involvement
7>0t
viable
or
t';hen
it
would
U.S.
interests.
UN
and
other
multilateral
peace
....
.'1.11
at
times
offer
the
best
way
to
prevent, contain:or
resolve
conflicts that
could
otherwise
be
far
more
cost:y
and
deadly.
In
such
cases,
the
U.S.
benefits
from
having
to
bear
only
a
share
of
the
burden.
We
also
benefit
by
being
able
to
invoke
the
voice of
the
community
ofnations
on
behalf
of
a
cause
we
support.
Thus,
peacekeeping,peace enforcement
and
the
establishment
of·a
capability
to
conduct
multilateral
peace
operations
will
become
part
of
our
National
Security Strategy
and
National
Mil
(D)
Peace
ons
can
be
valuable
tools
in
certain
to
advance
our
national
They
cannot
and
will
not
substitute
for
unilateral
or
coalition
action
when
that
is
what
our
national
interest
requires.
Thus,
in
building
our
capacity
for
peace
f
we
will
not
discard
or
y,'eaken
other
tools
for
U.S.
ohjectives.
The
U.S.
will
maintain
thecapabil
act
unilat.erally
or
in coalitions
when
our
and
those of
our
friends
and
allies
are
at
stake.
Multilateral
peace
operations
must,
therefore,
be
placed in
~er
perspective
among
the
instruments
of
U.S.
fore
-eoNE
IDEHTIAL'
wi
th
SEERE'f
att.achment
To: Susannah E ColeFr: Peter Santilli 8/6/12 @ 16:00Page 2 of 29 Archive electronic copy & PRINTpage 29 "DEFINITIONS of Enforcement
 
3
U.s.
Support
for
Multilateral
Peace
Operations
The
United
states
will
strengthen
its
support
United
Nat.ions and
appropriat,eregional
peace
operations
i
tical1y
I
militarily
and
In
doing
so,
we
will
support
when
warranted
the
full
range
of
activities
from
preventive
through peacekeeping
and
peace
enforcement.
As
President,
I
retain
and 11
not
relinquish
command
authority
over
U.S.
forces.
On a
case-by-case
basis,
I
will
considerplacing appropriate
U.S.
forces
and
under
the
operationalcontrol
of
a
competent
UN
commander
for
specific
UN
operat.ions
authorized
by
the
Securit,y Council.
In
making
this
decision,
I
will
take
into
account
such
factors
as
the natureof
U.S.
interests,
the
size
of
the
proposed
U.S.
force,
the
risk
to
U.S.
,
the
proposed
duration of
the
mission
and
rules
,of and
the nature
and
mandate
of
the
(including
it
is
Chapter
VI
or
Chapter
VII).
Such
action
will
be
undertaken
consistent
with the
U.S.
Constitution,
U.S.
federal
law and
the
Un
Code
of Military
Justice.
The
greater
the
U.S.
military
role,
the
less
like
it
will
be
that
I
will
agree
to
have
a
UN
commander
exercise
overall
operationalcontrol
over
U.S.
forces.
Any
largescale
participation
of
U.S.
forces
in
a
major
peace enforcement
operation
that
is
I
to
involve
combat
should
ordinarily
be
conducted under
U.S.
command
and
operational controlor
through
competent
organizations
such
as
NATO
or
ad
hoc
coali
It
is
important
t.o
build
public
and
Congressional
support
for
UN
peace
operations
particularly
those
in
"'/hich
U.
S.
forces
participate.
Accordingly,
we
will
take
the steps
outlined
in
Annex
VIII
to
ensure
Congress
is
regularly
and
fully
briefed
on
such
operations,
and, wherever
possible,
consulted
about
the
participation
of
U.S.
armed
forces
in
them.
(U)
The
United
States
will
take
a
role
in
obtainingint.ernational
to
enhance
the
headquarters
capabilit.ies
of the
UN
to
conduct peace
operations
effectively,
to
economies
ofscale
and
reap
the benefits
of
past
experience.
The
United
States
will
contribute
personnel,
technical
assistance,
equipment,
facilities
and
funding
for
that
enhancement.
(U)
While
we
work
with
the
UN
to
make
its
operations
more
efficient
and
effective,
to
reduce
UN
costs
and
to
ensure our
financial
assessment
is
more
equitable!
the
United
States
will
aggress
seek Congressional
support
to
meet
its
obligations
for
UN
peace
operations.
(U)
Within
the
U.S.
Gove.rnment,
agencies
will
their
capabilities
to
contribute
to
and
coordinatewith
UN
peace
operations
through
significant
organizational
changes.
The
Secretaries
of
State
and
Defense
will
be
jointly
responsiblefor
obtaining
adequate
peace"
operations
funds
and
for
managing
day-to-day
U.S.
support
for
international
peace
operations.
Decision-making
and
support
for
UN
peace
operations
will
be
a
shared
responsibility
as
elaborated
in
the
Policy
GuidelinesIn
Gr3NFIDBNiihL
....:w-i
th
'8BGRE~
attachment
To: Susannah E ColeFr: Peter Santilli 8/6/12 @ 16:00Page 3 of 29 Archive electronic copy & PRINTpage 29 "DEFINITIONS of Enforcement

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